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Flashcards in ❤️ Deck (25):
1

Symptoms of ❤️ failure

Breathlessness
Oedema
Crackle

2

Clinical symptoms of heart failure

Shortness of breath
Oedema in legs
Tired

3

Clinical signs of heart failure

Increased wob
Crackles
Fluid in abdoman
Pulmonary effusion
Peripheral oedema
Increased jugular vein pressure

4

Classification of ❤️ failure

Acute = hospital
Chronic = manageable
Left= lung
Right = legs

5

Symptoms of vascular heart disease

Same as ❤️ failure
Plus:
Syncope
Stroke / systematic emboli
Arythmia
Sob/angina/ syncope = triad aortic stinosis

6

Nyha

Determine severity of heart failure
1) ordinary activity no probs
2) ordinary activity causes angina tiredness and palpitations
3) less then ordinary activity causes fatigue tiredness and Palputations
4) at rest a person experiences fatigue angina and palps

7

How to treat heart failure

Mortality- ace inhib or b blockers
Symptoms- loop diuretics / spiralactone / digoxin - frusomide in an acute situation

8

What is valvular heart disease

When heart valves stop working due to :
Stenosis- blockage
Regurgitation- leaky valve
Vegitations- abnormal growths

9

Causes of stenosis

Mainly primary valve cusp abnormality
Chronic process
2/3 aortic

10

Regurgitation

Can be sudden
Disease of cusps or damage to supporting structures

11

Vegitations

Bacteria infection
Inflammatory
Clot

12

Clinical symptoms of endocarditis

Temperature
Decreased weight
Malaise
Sob
Oedema legs
Orthopeoa
Sepsis
Emboli

13

Clinical signs of endocarditis

Heart failure
Sepsis
Finger clubbing
Splinter haemorrhage
Janeway lesion
Osler node

14

Signs and symptoms of pericarditis/ myocarditis

Chest pain & heart failure

15

How is dilated cardiomyopathy caused

Alcohol
Periparium
Genetics
Myocarditis

16

How is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy caused

Genetic idiopathic
Disease

17

What are the symptoms of cardiomyopathy

Sob
Chest pain
Palputations
Syncope
A/f

18

What is the cause of restrictive cardiomyopathy

Amylyclosis
Radiation
Chemo

19

What is the primary sign of high blood pressure

Diastolic bp over 140/90 says.
Mild/ 95-104
Moderate - 105-114
Severe - 115+

20

Secondary Causes of hypertension

Renal
Endocrine
Physical obstruction
Neurogenic

21

What is malignant hypertension

Acute
5% cases 90% die yearly
Emergency
Bp rapidly increases and causes organ damage

22

What effects on the body does hypertension have

Blood vessel disease
Can cause heart failure or mi or left ventricular hypertrophy
Kidneys can fail
Eyes- retinopathy
Brain- cerebral haemorrhage/ infarction

23

Causes of aneurysms

Vessel wall weakness
Congenital
Presser
Atheroma
Infection

24

Causes of venous disease

Immobility
Pregnancy
Malignancy
Haem disorders
Osteogenesis

25

Symptoms of a pe

Plevric chest pain
Breathless
Calves swell
Syncope / collapse
Death