第五课 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 第五课 Deck (42):
1

To choose


xuǎn

∼個好日子
∼ ge hǎo rìzi
choose an auspicious day

∼一種你喜歡的樣式
∼ yī zhǒng nǐ xǐhuan de yàngshì
select a style that takes your fancy

∼學生會主席
∼ xuéshenghuì zhǔxí
elect a chairman of the student union

我們∼她當代表。
Wǒmen ∼ tā dāng dàibiǎo.
We elected her (as) our representative. or We elected her to represent us.

人選
rénxuǎn

詩∼
shī∼
selected poems

民歌∼
míngē ∼
selections of folk songs

散文∼
sǎnwén ∼
an anthology of pros

2

M.W for academic courses


mén

3

world

世界
shìjiè

全∼
quán∼
the whole world

∼大事
∼ dàshì
world events

∼冠軍
∼ guànjūn
world champion

∼紀錄
∼ jìlù
world record

4

history

历史
lìshǐ

人民群眾是∼的創造者。
Rénmín qúnzhòng shì ∼ de chuàngzào zhě.
The masses of the people are the makers of history.

全然不顧∼事實
Quánrán bù gù ∼ shìshí
in utter disregard of historical fact


5

other, else

其他
qítā
other; else

老李在這兒, ∼人呢?
Lǎo lǐ zài zhèr, ∼ rén ne?
Lao Li's here. Where are the others?

見到∼人了嗎?
Jiàndào ∼ rén le ma?
Did you see anybody else?

6

often, frequently

经常
jīngcháng

这类问题是∼发生的。
Zhè lèi wèntí shì ∼ fāshēng de.
This kind of problem frequently crops up. or This sort of thing is a common occurrence.

他∼上图书馆去。
Tā ∼ shàng túshūguǎn qù.
He goes to the library regularly.

∼化
∼huà
become a regular practice; make a practice of it

7

① essay; article
② literary works; writings
③ hidden meaning; implied meaning

文章
wénzhāng

话里有∼。
Huà lǐ yǒu ∼.
There is an insinuation in that remark. or That's an insinuating remark.

其中大有∼。
Qízhōng dàyǒu∼.
There is a lot behind all this.

8

cannot stand (or endure)

受不了
shòubuliǎo

我冻得∼。
Wǒ dòng de ∼.
I can't stand the cold.

今天可真热得∼。
Jīntiān kě zhēn rè de ∼.
It's unbearably hot today.

9

light; relaxed

轻松[輕鬆]
qīngsōng

∼的工作
∼ de gōngzuò
light work; soft job; cushy job

∼地打败对手
∼ de dǎbài duìshǒu
beat one's opponent with ease

10

guide; direct

指导[-導]
zhǐdǎo

∼我们思想的理论基础是马克思列宁主义。
∼ wǒmen sīxiǎng de lǐlùn jīchǔ shì Mǎkèsī-Lièníngzhǔyì.
The theoretical basis guiding our thinking is Marxism-Leninism.

∼战争的规律
∼ zhànzhēng de guīlǜ
laws for directing war

老农∼青年干农活。
Lǎonóng ∼ qīngnián gàn nónghuó.
The old peasants instructed (or directed) the youths in farm work.

教师正在∼学生做实验。
Jiàoshī zhèng zài ∼ xuésheng zuò shíyàn.
The teacher was supervising his students in doing the experiment.
p

11

① professor
② instruct; teach

教授
jiàoshòu

∼历史
∼ lìshǐ
teach history

12

discuss; talk over

讨论[討論]
tǎolùn

他们∼了今后的计划。
Tāmen ∼ le jīnhòu de jìhuà.
They discussed their plans for the future.

这件事我们得∼∼。
Zhè jiàn shì wǒmen děi ∼.
We must talk it over.

13

meet unexpectedly; run into

碰见[-見]
pèngjiàn

你猜我昨晚在首都体育馆∼谁了?
Nǐ cāi wǒ zuówǎn zài shǒudū tǐyùguǎn ∼ shuí le?
Who do you think I ran into at the Capital Stadium last night?

14

① affirm; confirm; approve; regard as positive,definitely

肯定
kěndìng

请给我一个∼的答复。
Qǐng gěi wǒ yī ge ∼ de dáfù.
Please give me a definite answer.

他今天来不来, 我不能∼。
Tā jīntiān lái bù lái, wǒ bù néng ∼.
I'm not sure whether he will come today.

他∼敌人要逃跑。
Tā ∼ dírén yào táopǎo.
He was sure that the enemy would try to get away.

{adverb}

∼按时送到
∼ ànshí sòng dào
guarantee punctual delivery

15

① {preposition} as for; as to

至于[-於]
zhìyú

∼其他问题, 以后再说。
∼ qítā wèntí, yǐhòu zàishuō.
As for other matters, we'll take them up later.

你要是早请大夫看, 何∼病成这样?
Nǐ yào shì zǎo qǐng dàifu kàn, hé ∼ bìng chéng zhèyàng?
If you had seen the doctor earlier, you wouldn't be so seriously ill.

16

graduate; finish school

毕业[畢業]
bìyè

还有一年, 他就大学∼了。
Háiyǒu yī nián, tā jiù dàxué ∼ le.
He'll graduate from college next year.

他中学还没∼就参了军。
Tā zhōngxué hái méi ∼ jiù cēn le jūn.
He enlisted before he had finished middle school.

17

academic degree; degree

学位[學-]
xuéwèi

硕士∼
shuòshì ∼
master's degree

博士∼
bóshì ∼
doctor's degree; doctorate

名誉∼
míngyù ∼
an honorary degree

18

① chemistry

化學[-学]
huàxué

應用∼
yìngyòng ∼
applied chemistry

理論∼
lǐlùn ∼
theoretical chemistry

19

① economy,economics

经济[經濟]
jīngjì

发展社会主义∼
fāzhǎn shèhuìzhǔyì ∼
develop the socialist economy

混合∼
hùnhé ∼
mixed economy

∼部门
∼ bùmén
branches of the economy; economic departments

∼地位
∼ dìwèi
economic status; economic position

20

① system; series
② department (in a college); faculty




哲学∼
zhéxué∼
the department of philosophy

21

(education) credit

学分[學-]
xuéfēn
credit

∼制
∼zhì
the credit system

22

① decide; resolve; make up one's mind
② decision; resolution

决定[決-]
juédìng


领导∼派她出国。
Lǐngdǎo ∼ pài tā chūguó.
The leadership decided to send her abroad.

理事会∼下届友好邀请赛在北京举行。
Lǐshìhuì ∼ xiàjiè yǒuhǎo yāoqǐngsài zài Běijīng jǔxíng.
The Council resolved that the next friendship invitational tournament should be held in Beijing.

一时∼不了
yīshí ∼ bùliǎo
cannot make up one's mind for the moment; be unable to come to a decision for the moment

通过一项∼
tōngguò yī xiàng ∼
pass a resolution

23

① solve; resolve; settle

解决[-決]
jiějué

∼争端
∼ zhēngduān
settle a dispute

∼困难
∼ kùnnan
overcome a difficulty; find a way out of a difficulty

∼问题
∼ wèntí
solve a problem; settle a question (or an issue); work out a solution

24

) {conjunction} meaning or; either...or...

要么[-麼]
yàome

赶快给他发个电报, ∼挂个长途也行。
Gǎnkuài gěi tā fā ge diànbào, ∼ guà ge chángtú yě xíng.
Send him a telegram at once, or call him long-distance.

∼她来, ∼我去, 我们总得碰个头。
∼ tā lái, ∼ wǒ qù, wǒmen zǒng děi pèng ge tóu.
Either she comes here or I go there; in any case we've got to see each other.

25

college; academy; institute

school of engineering
School of management

学院[學-]
xuéyuàn

Gōng
管理
guǎnlǐ


师范∼
shīfàn ∼
teachers training college

建筑工程∼
jiànzhù gōngchéng ∼
institute of civil engineering

美术∼
měishù ∼
school of art

26

① talk; chat; discuss
② what is said or talked about
③ (Tán) a surname

谈[談]
tán

他∼了自己的看法。
Tā ∼ le zìjǐ de kànfǎ.
He offered his personal views.

第一次见面他们就∼得很投机。
Dì-yī cì jiànmiàn tāmen jiù ∼ de hěn tóujī.
They had a most agreeable chat when they first met.

27

literature

文学[-學]
wénxué

∼家
∼jiā
writer; man of letters; literati

∼流派
∼ liúpài
schools of literature

∼批评
∼ pīpíng
literary criticism

∼作品
∼ zuòpǐn
literary works

28

*branch of study


• administrative section
• division
• field
• branch
• stage directions
• family (taxonomy)
• rules
• laws
• to mete out (punishment)
• to levy (taxes etc)
• to fine sb




文科
wénkē

理科
lǐkē

② a division or subdivision of an administrative unit, etc.; section; department

我们∼只有八个人。
Wǒmen ∼ zhǐ yǒu bā ge rén.
There are only eight people in our section.

29

future

将来[將來]
jiānglái
future

在不远的∼
Zài bù yuǎn de ∼
in the not too distant future; before long

在可以预见的∼
zài kěyǐ yùjiàn de ∼
in the foreseeable future

30

make money; make a profit

赚钱[賺錢]
zhuànqián

∼生意
∼ shēngyi
a profitable business; a paying proposition (or concern)

31

• banking
• finance
• financial

金融
jīnróng
finance; banking

∼货币危机
∼ huòbì wēijī
financial and monetary crises

∼机构
∼ jīgòu
banking institution

∼机关
∼ jīguān
financial institution

32

• all day long
• whole day

整天
zhěngtiān


干了三∼
gàn le sān ∼
work for three whole days

他拆洗被褥忙了一∼。
Tā chāixǐ bèirù máng le yī∼.
He's been busy all day (or the whole day) unstitching and washing his bedding.

33

• numeral
• digit
• number
• figure
• amount
• digital (electronics etc)
M: gè [个]

数字[數-]
shùzì

不要单纯追求∼。
Bùyào dānchún zhuīqiú ∼.
Don't just go after quantity.

34

• to come into contact with
• to have dealings

打交道
dǎ jiāodao

两个厂经常∼。
Liǎng ge chǎng jīngcháng ∼.
The two factories maintain frequent contacts.

我没跟他打过交道。
Wǒ méi gēn tā dǎ guò jiāodào.
I've never had any dealings with him.

35

• actually
• in fact
• really

其实[-實]
qíshí

∼情况不是那样。
∼ qíngkuàng bù shì nàyàng.
Actually, that is not the case.

这台机器看起来复杂, ∼不难掌握。
Zhè tái jīqì kàn qǐlai fùzá, ∼ bù nán zhǎngwò.
This machine looks complicated, but it's really not difficult to operate.

36

• philosophy
M: gè [个]

哲学[-學]
zhéxué

∼家
∼jiā
philosopher

37

• to take care (of)
• to control
• to manage
• to be in charge of
• to look after
• to run
• to care about
• tube
• pipe

FIX

∼家务
∼ jiāwù
manage a household; run a house

∼孩子
∼ háizi
take care of children

∼伙食
∼ huǒshí
be in charge of the mess

这些文件归他∼。
Zhèxiē wénjiàn guī tā ∼.
These documents are in his charge.

他又∼人事又∼钱。
Tā yòu ∼ rén shì yòu ∼ qián.
He has control over both money and personnel.

38

• to apply for sth
• application (form etc)
M: fèn [份]

申请[-請]
shēnqǐng

向…∼
xiàng … ∼
make an application to; lodge (or file) an application with; present a petition to

∼入党
∼ rùdǎng
apply for Party membership

∼入(出)境签证
∼ rù (chū) jìng qiānzhèng
apply for an entry (exit) vis

39

to save (money/time)

少下载

40

• to propose
• to suggest
• to recommend
• proposal
• suggestion
• recommendation

建议[-議]
jiànyì

他们∼休会。
Tāmen ∼ xiūhuì.
They propose that the meeting be adjourned.

我∼你多做点户外运动。
Wǒ ∼ nǐ duō zuò diǎn hùwài yùndòng.
I suggest you should have more outdoor exercise.

我建个议。
Wǒ jiàn ge yì.
I'd like to make a suggestion.

41

• to experience
• experience

经验[經驗]
jīngyàn

∼丰富
∼ fēngfù
have rich experience; be very experienced

∼不足
∼ bùzú
lack experience; not be sufficiently experienced

直接(间接)∼
zhíjiē(jiànjiē)∼
direct (indirect) experience


我从来没∼过这样的艰难。
Wǒ cónglái méi ∼ guò zhèyàng de jiānnán.
I have never experienced such hardships

42

• idea
• opinion
• suggestion
• objection
• complaint
M: diǎn [点], tiáo [条]

意见[-見]
yì·jiàn

交换∼
jiāohuàn ∼
exchange ideas (or views); compare notes

提出修改∼
tíchū xiūgǎi ∼
make suggestions for revision

∼一致
∼ yīzhì
have identical views; be of one mind

∼分歧
∼ fēnqí
have a difference (or divergence) of opinion; disagree

大家对你∼很大。
Dàjiā duì nǐ ∼ hěn dà.
People have a lot of complaints about you