01 C-spine OIAN Flashcards Preview

7202 Anatomy > 01 C-spine OIAN > Flashcards

Flashcards in 01 C-spine OIAN Deck (51):
1

splenius capitis

PROXIMAL

- nuchal line

- spinous processes of C3-T3

2

splenius capitis

DISTAL

mastoid process

3

splenius capitis

ACTION

- extends neck

- ipsilateral flexion and rotation

4

splenius capitis

INNERVATION

cervical dorsal rami

5

splenius cervicis

ORIGIN

spinous processes of T3-T6

6

splenius cervicis

INSERTION

transverse process of C1-C3

7

splenius cervicis

ACTION

- extends neck

- ipsilateral flexion and rotation

8

splenius cervicis

INNERVATION

cervical dorsal rami

9

iliocostalis

ORIGIN

- lumbosacral fascia

- iliac crest

10

iliocostalis

INSERTION

angles of the ribs

11

iliocostalis

ACTION

extends and laterally flexes vertebral column

12

iliocostalis

INNERVATION

dorsal rami

13

longissimus

ORIGIN

transverse processes of vertebrae

14

longissimus

INSERTION

transverse processes of vertebrae

15

longissimus

ACTION

ipsilateral flexion and rotation

16

longissimus

INNERVATION

dorsal rami

17

spinalis

ORIGIN

spinous process of the thoracic and upper cervical vertebrae

18

spinalis

INSERTION

spinous process of the thoracic and upper cervical vertebrae

19

spinalis

ACTION

extends and laterally flexes the vertebral column

20

spinalis

INNERVATION

dorsal rami

21

deep layer of back muscles

INNERVATION

dorsal rami

22

all scalenes

INNERVATION

cervical ventral rami

23

anterior scalene

ORIGIN

anterior tubercles of transverse processes of C3-C6

24

anterior scalene

INSERTION

first rib

25

anterior and middle scalenes

ACTION

- bend neck anterolaterally

- contralateral rotation

- elevate first rib in reverse action

26

deep layer of back muscles

ACTION

- extend vertebral column

- involved in postural control

27

middle scalene

ORIGIN

posterior tubercles of transverse processes of C2-C7

28

middle scalene

INSERTION

first rib

29

posterior scalene

ORIGIN

posterior tubercles of transverse processes of C5-C7

30

posterior scalene

INSERTION

second rib

31

posterior scalene

ACTION

- lateral flexion

- contralateral rotation

- elevates 2nd rib in reverse action

32

rectus capitis posterior major

ORIGIN

spine of axis

33

rectus capitis posterior major

INSERTION

inferior nuchal line

34

rectus capitis posterior major/minor

ACTION

- ipsilateral rotation and flexion

- extends head

35

rectus capitis posterior minor

ORIGIN

tubercle of posterior arch of atlas

36

rectus capitis posterior minor

INSERTION

inferior nuchal line

37

longus colli

ORIGIN

transverse processes of C5-T4

38

longus colli

INSERTION

anterior arch of atlas

39

longus colli

ACTION

- contralateral flexion

- contralateral rotation

40

longus colli

INNERVATION

ventral rami

41

longus capitis

ORIGIN

anterior tubercles of transverse processes of C3-C6

42

longus capitis

INSERTION

basilar surface of occipital bone

43

longus capitis

ACTION

flexes head at AO joint

44

longus capitis

INNERVATION

ventral rami

45

rectus capitis anterior

ORIGIN

atlas

46

rectus capitis anterior

INSERTION

basilar surface of occipital bone

47

rectus capitis anterior

ACTION

flexes head at AO joint

48

rectus capitis anterior

INNERVATION

ventral rami

49

rectus capitis lateralis

ORIGIN

transverse process of atlas

50

rectus capitis lateralis

INSERTION

occipital jugular process

51

rectus capitis lateralis

ACTION

laterally flexes head