022114 1 Pediatric Pathology Flashcards Preview

B&B Exam 1 > 022114 1 Pediatric Pathology > Flashcards

Flashcards in 022114 1 Pediatric Pathology Deck (11):
1

Absent brain/calvarium, cerebrovasculosa (cranial protrusion of spongy tissue) and anterior pituitary atrophy are characteristic of what disorder?

anencephaly

2

enlarged posterior cranial fossa, partial or complete absence of cerebellar vermis, midline cerebellar cyst, disorder?

dandy-walker malformation

3

down syndrome, fragile x syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome, PKU, and intrauterine infections are associated with what disorder?

microcephaly

4

inborn errors of metabolism, endocrine disorders, and neurocutaneous syndromes are associated with what disorder?

macroencephaly

5

Lissencephaly is also known as?

agyria

6

Miller-dieker syndrome is associated with?

lissencephaly, LIS1 deletion

7

What is heteropias and what is it associated with?

abnormal grey matter lining ventricles
seizures

8

What are porencephaly and schizencephaly

porencephaly is giant hole piercing head at level of ventricles, schizencephaly is the same thing except with abnormal gyri radiating out from center of lesion

9

What are the three causes of hydrocephaly?

obstructed CSF flow
increased CSF flow
brain atrophy (compensation)

10

Two main causes of perinatal injury?

hemorrhages and infarcts

11

Late destructive lesions result in what disorder?

cerebral palsy