022114 2 Introduction to Neuropathology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 022114 2 Introduction to Neuropathology Deck (12):
1

Lewy body's are suggestive of what disease?

parkinson's

2

What causes axonal spheroids?

traumatic injury

3

Reactive astrocytes (gemistocytes) are associated with what type of injury?

acute traumatic

4

Alzheimer type 2 glia are associated with what?

increased ammonium in blood

5

Creutzfeldt astrocytes are commonly found in what type of diseases?

demyelianted (MS)

6

When are rosenthal fibers found?

gliosis

7

Oligodendrocytes produce myelin in CNS or PNS? Schwann cells produce myelin in CNS or PNS?

CNS
PNS

8

Viral inclusions are seen in oligodendrocytes during what disease?

progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML)

9

Ependymal cells possess viral inclusions during what two types of infections?

HIV
CMV

10

What are changes seen in microglia during phagocytosis?

rod cells (elongated nucleus)
microglia nodules (aggregates of microglia, granulomas of brain)
neuronophagia (phagocytosis of neurons)

11

What are leptomeninges composed of?

arachnoid and pia mater

12

What are pachymeninx composed of?

dura mater