04 Ankle/Foot Measurement Flashcards Preview

7232 Ortho > 04 Ankle/Foot Measurement > Flashcards

Flashcards in 04 Ankle/Foot Measurement Deck (24):
1

gonio norms: dorsiflexion

0-20˚

2

gonio norms: plantarflexion

0-50˚

3

gonio norms: subtalar inversion

0-20˚

4

gonio norms: subtalar eversion

0-10˚

5

gonio norms: first MTP extension

0-70˚

6

gonio norms: first MTP flexion

45˚

7

What positions do you measure dorsiflexion in?

- extension
- flexion

8

dorsiflexion in flexion targets:

soleus

9

dorsiflexion in extension targets:

soleus AND gastrocs

10

two options for measuring dorsiflexion

- parallel axis measurement
- functional axis measurement

11

parallel axis measurement for dorsiflexion

dorsiflex to 0˚, axis on lateral malleolus

12

functional axis measurement for dorsiflexion

- line up stationary arm with fibula and moveable arm with 5th metatarsal
- bone/bone measurements, ignore axis
- Davies likes this one better

13

What is another position you can measure dorsiflexion in?

WB
(Davies says this one is best because it's truly functional)

14

Ways to measure plantarflexion

- parallel axis
- functional axis

15

For PF, do you need to do both flexed and extended?

no, doesn't matter which one

16

How much of the total subtalar motion are inversion and eversion?

2/3 inversion
1/3 eversion

17

Why do you put them in figure 4 position to measure eversion/inversion

put hip in neutral position

18

gonio position for eversion/inversion

- stationary arm up distal 1/3 of lower leg
- axis at STJ (dome of calcaneus)
- moveable arm bisects the calcaneus

19

Do we measure IP joints of the toes?

no, not concerned with these

20

What is the position most podiatrists use for alignment?

- forefoot resting position
- looking at neutral forefoot position

21

all metatarsals line up straight

forefoot neutral position

22

lateral side of foot is elevated, take moveable arm and line up with foot

forefoot valgus position

23

medial side of foot is elevated, line up moveable arm with foot

forefoot varus position

24

Which is more common: valgus or varus forefoot?

forefoot varus