Flashcards in 04 Ankle/Foot Measurement Deck (24):
gonio norms: dorsiflexion
gonio norms: plantarflexion
gonio norms: subtalar inversion
gonio norms: subtalar eversion
gonio norms: first MTP extension
gonio norms: first MTP flexion
What positions do you measure dorsiflexion in?
dorsiflexion in flexion targets:
dorsiflexion in extension targets:
soleus AND gastrocs
two options for measuring dorsiflexion
- parallel axis measurement
- functional axis measurement
parallel axis measurement for dorsiflexion
dorsiflex to 0˚, axis on lateral malleolus
functional axis measurement for dorsiflexion
- line up stationary arm with fibula and moveable arm with 5th metatarsal
- bone/bone measurements, ignore axis
- Davies likes this one better
What is another position you can measure dorsiflexion in?
(Davies says this one is best because it's truly functional)
Ways to measure plantarflexion
- parallel axis
- functional axis
For PF, do you need to do both flexed and extended?
no, doesn't matter which one
How much of the total subtalar motion are inversion and eversion?
Why do you put them in figure 4 position to measure eversion/inversion
put hip in neutral position
gonio position for eversion/inversion
- stationary arm up distal 1/3 of lower leg
- axis at STJ (dome of calcaneus)
- moveable arm bisects the calcaneus
Do we measure IP joints of the toes?
no, not concerned with these
What is the position most podiatrists use for alignment?
- forefoot resting position
- looking at neutral forefoot position
all metatarsals line up straight
forefoot neutral position
lateral side of foot is elevated, take moveable arm and line up with foot
forefoot valgus position
medial side of foot is elevated, line up moveable arm with foot
forefoot varus position