04 Ankle Special Tests Flashcards Preview

7232 Ortho > 04 Ankle Special Tests > Flashcards

Flashcards in 04 Ankle Special Tests Deck (16):
1

positioning for all the ankle special tests

sitting in a chair, support their leg on yours

2

anterior drawer test: tissue

ATF

3

anterior drawer test: procedure/implication

- trying to pull the talus out of the mortise
- ATF injured 85% of the time

4

posterior drawer test:

- move straight posteriorly
- same position as anterior drawer

5

valgus stress test: tissue

checking deltoid ligament

6

varus stress test: tissue

CF ligament
(2nd most commonly injured ligament in the ankle)

7

Shuck test

- aka Cotton test
- side to side motion
- not a really good test

8

anterior impingement test

- prox hand: thumb in sinus tarsi area
- PF and DF the foot

9

positive anterior impingement test

pain

10

ER test: position

- distal hand: under calcaneus, forearm on medial side of foot
- proximal: elbow on lateral leg, hand stabilizing distal tibia

11

ER test: procedure

- DF the ankle, hold, and go into ER

12

What is the ER test doing?

- forcing the talus to splay the fibula apart
- indicative of a high ankle sprain
- this would be painful if positive

13

calcaneal tap test

- tap 3x on the calcaneus
- trying to elicit a vibration

14

calcaneal tap test: checking for

- Pott's fracture
- Maisonneuve fx
- Jones fx

positive test is pain

15

compression: implications of the test

- shin splints
- periostitis
- fractures
- etc

16

What happens if compression feels better and distraction hurts?

- indicative of a diastasis injury
- as you release, the mortise splays open which hurts
- corroborative test for ER test***