04 Foot Exam 2 Flashcards Preview

7232 Ortho > 04 Foot Exam 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 04 Foot Exam 2 Deck (23):
1

When you're palpating the talus to to find subtalar neutral, what are you actually feeling?

- laterally: dome of talus
- medially: head of talus

2

neutral foot position: clinical significance

ideal foot position during midstance phase of the gait cycle

3

What happens with deviation from neutral position during gait cycle?

- compensatory changes
- lead to increased tissue stresses and pathologies

4

To "feel" the motion of the entire LE, what position should you be in?

standing

5

What position does the foot always try to seek?

plantigrade position (entire foot in contact with WB surface)

6

uncompensated

- joint is unable to make up for poor position
- doesn't get to the ground if joints don't allow compensation

7

compensated

- able to make up for poor position or lack of normal motion
- able to get to the ground if joints allow

8

second ray and second metatarsal are longer than the first

Morton's foot

9

percentage of the population with Morton's foot

22%

10

problem with Morton's foot

vulnerable to stress fracture

11

What structure is important for the windlass effect?

medial longitudinal arch

12

observing the windlass effect

- extend MTP
- arch rises up

13

Feiss' line

- center or medial malleolus to center of MTP joint
- ID navicular tuberosity in relation to the line

14

Feiss' line: WB or NWB?

WB

15

Feiss' line has __ divisions

3

16

Feiss' line: navicular is within topmost division (1˚)

supinated foot

17

Feiss' line: navicular is within middle division (2˚)

normal foot

18

Feiss' line: navicular is within lower division (3˚)

pronated foot

19

What is a better test than Feiss' line?

navicular drop test

20

positive finding on navicular drop test

> 10 mm

21

longitudinal arch angle: low medial arch

100-130˚

22

longitudinal arch angle: medium medial arch

130-150˚

23

longitudinal arch angle: high medial arch

150-180˚