04 Foot Exam 3 Flashcards Preview

7232 Ortho > 04 Foot Exam 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 04 Foot Exam 3 Deck (27):
1

What is one of the most important things to look at on the foot?

plantar surface pedograph (calluses)

look at the shoes, look at the foot

2

Bergman's position

- resting position of the foot in NWB assumes neutral position of the foot
- just hanging there, relaxed off the table
- PF/inversion

3

Bergman's position and ideal neutral

Bergman's is NOT ideal neutral. It is individualized neutral (2-4˚ varus)

4

plantarflexed first ray

in PF position relative to other metatarsals

5

testing for PF first ray

- supine
- grab 4 metatarsals, take the other hand and grab MTP joint
- should have equal amount of passive DF and PF

6

test for Morton's neuroma

Mulder's sign

7

Morton's neuroma most common between

3 and 4

8

primary artery to the foot

posterior tibial artery

9

secondary artery to the foot

dorsalis pedis (absent in 10-15%)

10

What is the test for swelling?

Figure 8 measurement

11

swelling is measured at the

talocrural joint

12

What is it called if a patient is lacking 10˚ dorsiflexion?

equinus foot

13

normal DF: walking

10˚

14

normal DF: running

15-20˚

15

normal PF

45-60˚

16

What position do you measure DF and PF in?

- knee extended, STJ neutral
- knee flexed, STJ neutral

(can do either with PF)

17

What happens with gait to someone who has equinus foot?

compensatory pronation

18

Why does compensatory pronation happen with an equinus foot?

closest joint to "help" get more motion

19

neuro test for the LE

Tinel's sign (Tarsal tunnel syndrome)

20

How do you test for the peroneal tendons?

- pt prone
- have them actively DF and PF
- give resistance to eversion
- look for subluxating tendons over the lateral malleolus

21

Homen's test looks for

DVT

22

Homen's test procedure

- passively DF ankle
- palpate in middle of gastrocs

23

positive Homen's test

very painful on palpation

24

What is the CPR for checking for a DVT?

Well's CPR

25

What is the Thompson's/Simmond's test?

- testing for achilles rupture
- squeeze gastrocs in prone
- looking for PF

26

What is another test for achilles tendon rupture aside from Thompson's test?

palpable gap test

27

Thompson's test: what if the foot deviates?

indicative of a partial achilles rupture