Flashcards in 04 Foot Exam 3 Deck (27):
What is one of the most important things to look at on the foot?
plantar surface pedograph (calluses)
look at the shoes, look at the foot
- resting position of the foot in NWB assumes neutral position of the foot
- just hanging there, relaxed off the table
Bergman's position and ideal neutral
Bergman's is NOT ideal neutral. It is individualized neutral (2-4˚ varus)
plantarflexed first ray
in PF position relative to other metatarsals
testing for PF first ray
- grab 4 metatarsals, take the other hand and grab MTP joint
- should have equal amount of passive DF and PF
test for Morton's neuroma
Morton's neuroma most common between
3 and 4
primary artery to the foot
posterior tibial artery
secondary artery to the foot
dorsalis pedis (absent in 10-15%)
What is the test for swelling?
Figure 8 measurement
swelling is measured at the
What is it called if a patient is lacking 10˚ dorsiflexion?
normal DF: walking
normal DF: running
What position do you measure DF and PF in?
- knee extended, STJ neutral
- knee flexed, STJ neutral
(can do either with PF)
What happens with gait to someone who has equinus foot?
Why does compensatory pronation happen with an equinus foot?
closest joint to "help" get more motion
neuro test for the LE
Tinel's sign (Tarsal tunnel syndrome)
How do you test for the peroneal tendons?
- pt prone
- have them actively DF and PF
- give resistance to eversion
- look for subluxating tendons over the lateral malleolus
Homen's test looks for
Homen's test procedure
- passively DF ankle
- palpate in middle of gastrocs
positive Homen's test
very painful on palpation
What is the CPR for checking for a DVT?
What is the Thompson's/Simmond's test?
- testing for achilles rupture
- squeeze gastrocs in prone
- looking for PF
What is another test for achilles tendon rupture aside from Thompson's test?
palpable gap test