04 Foot Exam Flashcards Preview

7232 Ortho > 04 Foot Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in 04 Foot Exam Deck (21):
1

When you assess the foot, which position is important to always assess?

talus in WB and NWB positions

2

checking LE posture: start with this

toes to the nose and back
(A, P, L)

3

Fick angle

angle created by the feet in normal standing position
5-18˚

4

What are you looking for in a LE postural alignment?

- Fick angle
- miserable malalignment syndrome
- hypertrophy of abd hallucis
- too many toes sign
- Keen's sign
- accessory bones

5

components of miserable malalignment syndrome

- femoral anteversion
- femoral IR
- PF IR
- external tibial torsion
- tibial varum
- STJ pronation

6

What is the too many toes sign?

forefoot abduction

7

Keen's sign

abnormal width of one ankle compared to the other

8

What are the accessory bones of the foot?

- os trigonum
- os navicularis
- os vesalianum

9

What are you looking for with knee postures?

- genu varum
- genu valgum
- knee flexion contracture
- knee recurvatum
- knee (PF) IR/ER

10

normal tibial varum

2-3˚

11

How is tibial varum measured?

- bisection of the tibia
- compare with line perpendicular to the ground

12

What is tibial varum a combination of?

- STJ varus
- tibial varum

13

What is rearfoot varus a combination of?

- STJ varus
- tibial varum

14

normal rearfoot varus measurement

4-7˚ in a single stance position

15

normal tibial ER

13-18˚

16

assessing tibial torsion

- measure in sitting or prone with knee bent to 90˚
- observe difference between the axis of the knee vs angle formed by the malleoli

17

Functional lower limb measurements are taken in this position

WB

18

Helbing's sign

medial bowing of the achilles

19

Haglund's deformity

pump bumps

20

functional LL measurements from:

ASIS to medial malleolus

21

Which two pathologies related to LE posture exam are often associated with one another?

- Helbing's sign
- Haglund's deformity