04 Lateral Knee Palpations 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 04 Lateral Knee Palpations 1 Deck (23):
1

What pathology is associated with the lateral joint line?

meniscus tears

2

Why do you need to palpate all the way around the joint line?

Most meniscus tears occur in the posterior horns

3

What pathology is associated with the lateral tibial plateau?

fracture

4

What attaches to Gerdy's tubercle?

IT band

5

What pathology occurs at the ALL?

Segund's fracture

6

ALL rupture is pathoneumonic of this pathology

- ACL injury
- ALL avulses bone and midcapsule due to anterior translation and IR

7

Where is the insertion site of the ALL?

between Gerdy's tubercle and fibular head

8

What pathology is associated with the fibular head?

- subluxations
- avulsion fracture
- Maisonneuve fx
- hypermobile joint

9

What causes an avulsion fracture at the fibular head?

biceps femoris

10

Where is a Maisonneuve fracture?

at the fibular neck

11

What pathology is associated with the popliteal tendon (ridge)?

- popliteal tendonitis
- 2nd most common lateral running injury

12

Where is the popliteal tendon?

imaginary line from lateral epicondyle to Gerdy's tubercle

13

Where does the LCL attach proximally?

lateral femoral epicondyle

14

function of the proximal anterior and posterior tib-fib ligaments

stabilizer - will be involved if the joint if hypermobile

15

What pathology is associated with the peroneal nerve?

- affected by varus LCL injury
- could get hit there

16

Where does the lateral retinaculum run?

lateral aspect of patella to lateral femoral epicondyle

17

What pathology is associated with lateral retinaculum?

- not commonly injured
- neuromas

18

When is poplieal tendonitis a problem for runners?

- when they'er doing hill running
- femur slides off anterior edge of tibial plateau

19

What pathology is associated with the LCL?

- ligament sprain
- partial to full thickness rupture
- avulsion from fibular head

20

What should you do if you can't feel the LCL in seated?

have them go into a figure 4 to stretch the ligament, should jump out

21

What does the IT band separate?

- biceps femoris
- vastus lateralis

22

What function does the ALL serve?

stabilize transverse plane from micro-rotation

23

What is the new trend with ALL?

- intra-articular reconstruction
- extra-articular ALL repair/reconstruction*** new