Flashcards in 1 Deck (100):
providing support or help
- 'an ancillary role'
a linear projection or projecting structure; a crest
a narrow, linear hollow or depression
a circumscribed area raised above the general level of the surrounding surface, particularly on a bone surface
bounded or limited; confined to a limited space
to unite by joints; to join
a notch, depression or hollow
a pushing out; an outgrowth or protuberance
the layperson / layman
the laypeople / laymen
someone who is not an expert in or does not have a detailed knowledge of a particular subject
(especially of muscles or nerves) tense; not relaxed
the looseness of a limb or muscle
congruence functionally normal bone orientation within a normal joint
accompanying; accessory; joined with another
used to describe any chemical that is able to burn living tissue or other substances
the front part of the leg from the knee to the ankle
under the skin
the ability to move spontaneously and actively, consuming energy in the process
a support that stabilizes a structure.
amputated from the trunk
to decrease in a gradual or progressive fashion the dosage of a medication or the intensity of another form of treatment.
tie up (an artery or vessel)
having a bulky body
to divide into distinct parts.
In genetics, descriptive of a gene that is controlled by the constantly active promoter.
Commonly known as floppy baby syndrome, is a state of low muscle tone (the amount of tension or resistance to stretch in a muscle), often involving reduced muscle strength.
a person's manner of walking
a waddling gait
exaggerated alternation of lateral trunk movements with an exaggerated elevation of the hip, suggesting the gait of a duck
developing unusually early or rapidly
If a waiter served you a whole fish and a scoop of chocolate ice cream on the same plate, your surprise might be caused by the juxtaposition, or the side-by-side contrast, of the two foods.
the height or tallness of a person standing.
the placement or position of adjacent structures or parts so that they can come into contact.
a portion of a larger whole, especially a sample taken for chemical analysis or other treatment
to detach or separate abnormally a small portion from the whole
joined or paired (sprzężony)
Warts are small, benign growths caused by a viral infection of the skin or mucous membrane. (=kurzajka, brodawka)
A disease of infants and children that disturbs normal bone formation (ossification), leading to failure to mineralize bone. Rickets softens bone and permits marked bending and distortion of bones
referring to conditions that are present at birth
A congenital condition apparent when adjacent structures are joined by a broad band of tissue not normally present.
to be connected by anastomosis (a common open passage), as blood vessels
to become pale
a band of nerve fibres on the ventral surface of the brainstem that links the medulla oblongata and the cerebellum with upper portions of the brain
a band of nerve tissue connecting the hemispheres of the brain, the two sides of the spinal cord, etc.
a groove or ridge in an organ or tissue, typically marking the line where two halves fused in the embryo
a muscle that rotates a part outward
the entrance or outlet of any body cavity; any opening or meatus
a circular muscle that constricts a passage or closes a natural orifice. When relaxed, a sphincter allows materials to pass through the opening. When contracted, it closes the opening.
to become inflated and stretch out
to cover with foam or cause to foam
full of or covered with a mass of small bubbles
introduction into the body of the causative organism of a disease (pathogenic microorganisms)
a wound or injury
a pathologic change in the tissues
Lesion is a broad term, including wounds, sores, ulcers, tumors, cataracts, and any other tissue damage
failure of muscular coordination; irregularity of muscular action
present, appearing, or found everywhere
an enclosed collection of pus
a feeling of general discomfort or uneasiness
the return of the manifestations of a disease after an interval of improvement.Return of the manifestations of a disease after an interval of improvement.
(of a condition or a person) producing or showing no symptoms
a wet mount
a glass slide holding a specimen suspended in a drop of liquid (as water) for microscopic examination
containing or composed of mucus and pus
occurrence of pain during sexual intercourse
a specific situation in which a drug, procedure, or surgery should not be used because it may be harmful to the person
a substance that aids another, such as an auxiliary remedy (=wspomagający)
mucous secretion from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea that is ejected through the mouth
a legal concept, related to medical confidentiality, that protects communications between a patient and his or her doctor
to elicit history
to evoke or draw out patient's history
oedema [ih-dee-muh] [U]
an accumulation of an excessive amount of watery fluid in cells, tissues, or serous cavities
a method of tapping on a surface to determine the underlying structure
painful sexual intercourse
open, unobstructed, or not closed
a scaly material shed from the scalp
The bones forming the calvaria are the frontal, occipital and parietal bones.
(usually of the stomach or other part of the body) to swell and become large
a dense layer of vascular connective tissue enveloping the bones except at the surfaces of the joints
the condition (as of the foot) of being turned or rotated outward
look at someone or something with one or both eyes partly closed in an attempt to see more clearly or as a reaction to strong light
a single nostril
physical or mental effort
to take the L
Stands for "take the loss"
- 'I really took the L on that history exam.'
a less crude term used in place of fuck
- 'Chuffin' hell!'
(especially of something offered or discharged) very plentiful; abundant
to reduce (something) to small particles or powder by crushing it
the action or process of swallowing
covered with many small dots
a pointed or rounded projection, such as on the crown of a tooth
(of a vein, especially in the leg) swollen, twisted, and lengthened, as a result of poor circulation
full of twists and turns
belonging naturally; essential; being an extremely important and basic characteristic of a person or thing
- 'Maths is an intrinsic part of the school curriculum.'
relating to or adapted for walking; (of a patient) able to walk about; ambulant
a feeling of doubt or worry about a future event
- 'Many teachers expressed serious misgivings about the new tests.'
on, affecting, or referring to the same side of the body
- 'an ipsilateral stroke'
a vein that empties into a larger vein
the spread of a disease, especially cancer, from the place where it started in the body to other areas:
a medical ward
a hospital ward in which patients are being treated by drugs rather than surgery (oddział wewnętrzny)