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Flashcards in 1 Deck (100):
1

ancillary

providing support or help

- 'an ancillary role'

2

a ridge

a linear projection or projecting structure; a crest

3

a groove

a narrow, linear hollow or depression

4

an eminence

a circumscribed area raised above the general level of the surrounding surface, particularly on a bone surface

5

circumscribed

bounded or limited; confined to a limited space

6

to articulate

to unite by joints; to join

7

a furrow

a groove

8

an indentation

a notch, depression or hollow

9

a projection

a pushing out; an outgrowth or protuberance

10

the layperson / layman
the laypeople / laymen

someone who is not an expert in or does not have a detailed knowledge of a particular subject

11

taut

(especially of muscles or nerves) tense; not relaxed

12

laxity

the looseness of a limb or muscle

13

congruence

congruence functionally normal bone orientation within a normal joint

14

concomitant

accompanying; accessory; joined with another

15

gravid

pregnant

16

caustic

used to describe any chemical that is able to burn living tissue or other substances

17

shin

the front part of the leg from the knee to the ankle

18

subcutaneous

under the skin

19

motility

the ability to move spontaneously and actively, consuming energy in the process

20

a strut

a support that stabilizes a structure.

21

truncated

amputated from the trunk

22

to taper

to decrease in a gradual or progressive fashion the dosage of a medication or the intensity of another form of treatment.

23

discoid

disk-shaped

24

conical

cone-shaped

25

to ligate

tie up (an artery or vessel)

26

stout

having a bulky body

27

to cleave

to divide into distinct parts.

28

constitutive

In genetics, descriptive of a gene that is controlled by the constantly active promoter.

29

hypotonia

Commonly known as floppy baby syndrome, is a state of low muscle tone (the amount of tension or resistance to stretch in a muscle), often involving reduced muscle strength.

30

a gait

a person's manner of walking

31

a waddling gait

exaggerated alternation of lateral trunk movements with an exaggerated elevation of the hip, suggesting the gait of a duck

32

precocious

developing unusually early or rapidly

33

juxtaposition [U]

If a waiter served you a whole fish and a scoop of chocolate ice cream on the same plate, your surprise might be caused by the juxtaposition, or the side-by-side contrast, of the two foods.

34

stature [U]

the height or tallness of a person standing.

35

apposition [U]

the placement or position of adjacent structures or parts so that they can come into contact.

36

an aliquot

a portion of a larger whole, especially a sample taken for chemical analysis or other treatment

37

to sequester

to detach or separate abnormally a small portion from the whole

38

conjugate

joined or paired (sprzężony)

39

a wart

Warts are small, benign growths caused by a viral infection of the skin or mucous membrane. (=kurzajka, brodawka)

40

rickets [S]

A disease of infants and children that disturbs normal bone formation (ossification), leading to failure to mineralize bone. Rickets softens bone and permits marked bending and distortion of bones

41

congenital

referring to conditions that are present at birth

42

webbing

A congenital condition apparent when adjacent structures are joined by a broad band of tissue not normally present.

43

to anastomose

to be connected by anastomosis (a common open passage), as blood vessels

44

to blanch

to become pale

45

the pons

a band of nerve fibres on the ventral surface of the brainstem that links the medulla oblongata and the cerebellum with upper portions of the brain

46

a commissure

a band of nerve tissue connecting the hemispheres of the brain, the two sides of the spinal cord, etc.

47

a raphe

a groove or ridge in an organ or tissue, typically marking the line where two halves fused in the embryo

48

an evertor

a muscle that rotates a part outward

49

an orifice

the entrance or outlet of any body cavity; any opening or meatus

50

a sphincter

a circular muscle that constricts a passage or closes a natural orifice. When relaxed, a sphincter allows materials to pass through the opening. When contracted, it closes the opening.

51

to distend

to become inflated and stretch out

52

to froth

to cover with foam or cause to foam

53

frothy

full of or covered with a mass of small bubbles

54

an inoculation

introduction into the body of the causative organism of a disease (pathogenic microorganisms)

55

a lesion

a wound or injury
a pathologic change in the tissues
Lesion is a broad term, including wounds, sores, ulcers, tumors, cataracts, and any other tissue damage

56

ataxia

failure of muscular coordination; irregularity of muscular action

57

ubiquitous

present, appearing, or found everywhere

58

an abscess

an enclosed collection of pus

59

malaise

a feeling of general discomfort or uneasiness

60

to relapse

the return of the manifestations of a disease after an interval of improvement.Return of the manifestations of a disease after an interval of improvement.

61

asymptomatic

(of a condition or a person) producing or showing no symptoms

62

a wet mount

a glass slide holding a specimen suspended in a drop of liquid (as water) for microscopic examination

63

mucopurulent

containing or composed of mucus and pus

64

dyspareunia

occurrence of pain during sexual intercourse

65

a contraindication

a specific situation in which a drug, procedure, or surgery should not be used because it may be harmful to the person

66

adjuvant

a substance that aids another, such as an auxiliary remedy (=wspomagający)

67

sputum

mucous secretion from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea that is ejected through the mouth

68

physician–patient privilege

a legal concept, related to medical confidentiality, that protects communications between a patient and his or her doctor

69

to elicit history

to evoke or draw out patient's history

70

oedema [ih-dee-muh] [U]
oedemata (pl.)

an accumulation of an excessive amount of watery fluid in cells, tissues, or serous cavities
= swelling

71

percussion

a method of tapping on a surface to determine the underlying structure

72

dyspareunia [dis-puh-roo-nee-uh]

painful sexual intercourse

73

patent airways

open, unobstructed, or not closed

74

shoulder blades

the scapulae

75

dandruff

a scaly material shed from the scalp

76

the calvaria

The bones forming the calvaria are the frontal, occipital and parietal bones.
= skullcap

77

to distend

(usually of the stomach or other part of the body) to swell and become large

78

the periosteum

a dense layer of vascular connective tissue enveloping the bones except at the surfaces of the joints

79

the eversion

the condition (as of the foot) of being turned or rotated outward

80

to squint

look at someone or something with one or both eyes partly closed in an attempt to see more clearly or as a reaction to strong light

81

a nare

a single nostril

82

the exertion

physical or mental effort

83

to take the L

Stands for "take the loss"

- 'I really took the L on that history exam.'

84

chuffing

a less crude term used in place of fuck

- 'Chuffin' hell!'

85

profuse

(especially of something offered or discharged) very plentiful; abundant

86

to grind

to reduce (something) to small particles or powder by crushing it

87

deglutition

the action or process of swallowing

88

osculation

kissing

89

stippled

covered with many small dots

90

a cusp

a pointed or rounded projection, such as on the crown of a tooth

91

varicose

(of a vein, especially in the leg) swollen, twisted, and lengthened, as a result of poor circulation

92

tortuous

full of twists and turns

93

intrinsic

belonging naturally; essential; being an extremely important and basic characteristic of a person or thing

- 'Maths is an intrinsic part of the school curriculum.'

94

ambulatory

relating to or adapted for walking; (of a patient) able to walk about; ambulant

95

a misgiving

a feeling of doubt or worry about a future event

- 'Many teachers expressed serious misgivings about the new tests.'

96

ipsilateral

on, affecting, or referring to the same side of the body

- 'an ipsilateral stroke'

97

a tributary

a vein that empties into a larger vein

98

metastasis

the spread of a disease, especially cancer, from the place where it started in the body to other areas:

99

a medical ward

a hospital ward in which patients are being treated by drugs rather than surgery (oddział wewnętrzny)

100

a treatment room

a room in a patient care unit in which various treatments or procedures requiring special equipment are performed (pokój zabiegowy)