Flashcards in 1&2: History, Approaches, and Methods Deck (28):
In 1879, WILHEM WUNDT set up the first .. .. in an APARTMENT near the .. at ..
- PSYCHOLOGICAL LAB
WUNDT trained subjects in .., the subjects were asked to .. ACCURATELY their .. .. to simple ..
- COGNITIVE REACTION
STRUCTURALISM is the idea that the MIND OPERATES by combining .. .. and .. ..
- SUBJECTIVE EMOTIONS
- OBJECTIVE SENSATIONS
In 1890, WILLIAM JAMES published .. .. .. ..
- THE PRINCIPLES OF PSYCHOLOGY
"first woman to earn a PhD in psychology"
- MARGARET FLOY WASHBURN
"woman who studied with WILLIAM JAMES and went on to become PRESIDENT of the APA"
- MARY WHITON CALKINS
"he pioneered the study of CHILD DEVELOPMENT and was the FIRST PRESIDENT of the APA."
- G. STANLEY HALL
GESTALT PSYCHOLOGISTS like MAX WERTHEIMER argued against .. human thought and behavior in .. ..
- DISCRETE STRUCTURES
"JOHN WATSON studied the pioneering .. EXPERIMENTS of .. ... WATSON then declared that for psychology to be considered a SCIENCE, it must limit itself to .. .., not .. .. like the .. ..
- IVAN PAVLOV
- OBSERVABLE PHENOMENA
- UNOBSERVABLE CONCEPTS
- UNCONSCIOUS MIND
(HISTORY) (4) WAVES of PYSCHOLOGY
- INTROSPECTION (structuralism)
- GESTALT PSYCHOLOGY (Wertheimer)
- PSYCHOANALYSIS (Freud)
- BEHAVIORISM (Watson)
(7) PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES
- HUMANIST PERSPECTIVE
- COGNITIVE (interpretation)
"This perspective stresses INDIVIDUAL CHOICE and FREE WILL"
"This theory claims that we choose most of our BEHAVIORS and these choices are guided by PHYSIOLOGICAL, EMOTIONAL, and SPIRITUAL NEEDS."
- HUMANIST THEORY
TITCHENER was a ... psychologist who studied under .. .. for several years. He is best known for creating his version of psychology that described the .. .. .. ..; ..
- WILHEM WUNDT
- STRUCTURE OF THE MIND
"people have the tendency upon hearing about research findings to think that they KNEW IT ALL ALONG"
- HINDSIGHT BIAS
"this type of research has CLEAR, PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS."
- APPLIED RESEARCH
"this type of research explores questions that are OF INTEREST to PSYCHOLOGISTS but are not intended to have IMMEDIATE, REAL-WORLD APPLICATIONS.
- BASIC RESEARCH
BASIC RESEARCH e.g.
- HOW PPL IN DIFFERENT CULTURES DEFINE INTELLIGENCE
APPLIED RESEARCH e.g.
- RESEARCH HOW TO MAKE PPL LOSE WEIGHT
According to EXPERIMENTAL HYPOTHESIS, the .. .. depends on the .. ..
- DEPENDENT VARIABLE
- INDEPENDENT VARIABLE
CARL JUNG was a SWISS PSYCHIATRIST and PSYCHOTHERAPIST who founded .. .. JUNG proposed and developed the concepts of .. and ..; archetypes, and the .. ..
- ANALYTICAL PSYCHOLOGY
- EXTROVERSION AND INTROVERSION
- COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS
CARL ROGERS an influential AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGIST and among the FOUNDERS of the .. .. to ..
- HUMANIST APPROACH
"In other words, if 500 of the 1000 students are Caucasian, 300 are African American, and 200 are Latino, in a sample of 100 students, I would want 50 Caucasians, 30 African Americans, and 20 Latinos."
- STRATIFIED SAMPLING
Psychologists preferred method of research is .. because only through a CAREFULLY CONTROLLED '' can the .. .. be shown.
- CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP
"Perhaps violent people like violent television and would therefore select the experimental group."
- PARTICIPANT-RELEVANT CONFOUNDING VARIABLES
"If the experimental group watches television in a large lecture hall while the control group watches others programs in a small classroom, their situations may not be equivalent."
- SITUATION-RELEVANT CONFOUNDING VARIABLE
The HAWTHORNE EFFECT is a form of .. whereby subjects .. or .. an aspect of their .., which is being EXPERIMENTALLY MEASURED, in response to the fact that they know that they are being ..
- IMPROVE OR MODIFY