1 - Animal Communication And Human Language Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1 - Animal Communication And Human Language Deck (21):
1

Ethologist

Scientist who studies animal behaviour

2

Communication

Any behaviour intended to influence another organism

3

Conspecific

Same species

4

Honey bee waggle experiment

Changed location of nectar source
Von Frisch 1967

5

Vervet alarm calls

Leopard, eagle, snake

6

Diana alarm calls

Leopard, eagle
Recorded vocalizations

7

Holophrase

Single vocalization that refers to entire situation not specifics here and now

8

Primacy of speech

Almost all language is in the spoken mode

9

Arbitrary symbol

Bears no resemblance to what it refers to

10

Iconic symbol

Clear resemblance to what it refers to (waggle dance)

11

Duality of patterning

Structuring process that takes units at a lower level and combines according to rules into new units at higher level

12

Phonemes

Meaningless speech sounds serves as building blocks
Phonology

13

Morphemes

Basic unit of meaning in a language
Morphology

14

Syntax

Set of rules for ordering words and phrases into sentences

15

Chunking

Increases working memory that groups meaningless items into larger meaningful units

16

Homo erectus

1.8 mya - 200 kya

17

Recursion

Process of extending a pattern by placing it inside itself

18

Centrality of syntax

Chomsky view that ability to organize words into phrases and sentences according to recursive rules is distinguishing feature of language

19

KE family

Language disorder, disruption of FOXP2

20

Mother tongue hypothesis

Model of language evolution proposing that maternal vocalizations took on meaning over the course of many generations

21

Broca's aphasia

Disjointed or ungrammatical speech