(1) Appendicular Skeleton Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in (1) Appendicular Skeleton Deck (79):
0

clavicle

'collar bones'

1

conoid tubercule

projection on posterior of clavicle

2

scapula

'shoulder blade'

3

acromion

enlarged end of spine of scapula

4

coracoid process

projection of scapula superior to the glenoid cavity

5

suprascapular notch

divot adjacent to the coracoid process of the scapula

6

glenoid cavity

thumb shaped cavity of the scapula for articulation with the humerus

7

subscapular fossa

smooth flat surface on dorsal side of scapula

8

Supraspinous fossa

flat smooth surface of the scapula above the spine

9

infraspinous fossa

smooth flat surface of the scapula below the spine

10

spine

prominent ridge on the dorsal side of the scapula

11

humerus

bone of upper arm

12

head (humerus)

rounded superior area

13

anatomical neck

area of humerus separating the head from the shaft

14

surgical neck

the curvature of the superior end of the humeral shaft leading up into the anatomical neck

15

greater tubercle (humerus)

directly adjacent to head

16

lesser tubercle (humerus)

inferior to the head, visible only from anterior

17

intertubercular sulcus

groove in between the two tubercles of the humerus

18

deltoid tuberosity

roughened area of the shaft of the humerus

19

trochlea

smooth, spool shaped area on the distal end of the humerus, between the epicondyles

20

capitulum

smooth rounded area of the humerus ventral to the lateral epicondyle; articulates with radius

21

medial epicondyle

of humerus; can be felt on inside of elbow

22

lateral epicondyle

of humerus; dorsal to capitulum

23

coronoid fossa

depression of the humerus directly superior to the anterior side of the trochlea

24

olecranon fossa

depression of the humerus directly superior to the dorsal side of the trochlea

25

radial fossa

depression of the humerus superior to the capitulum and lateral to the coronoid fossa

26

Femur

Thigh bone

27

Head

Articulates with acetabulum

28

Fovea capitis

Indention on the head of the femur "pit of the head"

29

Greater trochanter

Larger junction of the shaft and neck

30

Lesser trochanter

Lower junction of shaft and neck located inferiorally to the head

31

Linea aspera

Spine on posterior side of shaft, site of muscle attachment

32

Medial condyle of the femur

Medial rounded articular projection, articulates with tibia

33

Lateral condyle of the femur

Lateral rounded articular projection, articulates with tibia

34

Patellar surface

Anterior smooth surface, kneecap

35

Intercondylar fossa

Deep groove on posterior side of femur, separates the lateral and medial epicondyles

36

Patella

Triangular sesamoid bone that is anterior to the femur/tibia

37

Tibia

Shinbone, larger more medial of the two leg bones

38

Medial condyle of the tibia

Medial rounded articular projection at the proximal end of the tibia

39

Lateral condyle of the tibia

Lateral rounded articular projection at the proximal end of the tibia

40

Intercondylar eminence

Separates the medial and lateral condyles of the tibia, articulates with the distal end of the femur

41

Tibial tuberosity

Roughened protrusion on anterior tibial surface (just below the condyles), it is the site of attachment of the patellar ligament

42

Medial malleolus

Distal process of the tibia, forms the inner medial bulge of the ankle

43

Fibula

Lies parallel to the tibia, not part if the knee joint, thin and sticklike with sharp anterior crest

44

Fibula lateral malleolus

Outer part/lateral bulge of the ankle, distal point more rounded

45

Tarsal

Bones of the foot

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Calcaneus

Biggest bone in foot, "stepping on brain of calculator"

47

Talus

Ankle bone, second biggest, sits medially to the calcaneus

48

Navicular

Next to cuboid, ship shaped

49

Cuboid

Lateral to the navicular, cube shaped

50

Cuneiform-medial, intermediate, lateral

3 smallest tarsal bones

51

Metatarsal

Middle long bones of foot

52

Phalanx

3 small long bones that make up toes

53

radius

lateral antebrachial bone

54

head (of radius)

disc-shaped proximal end of radius; articulates with capitulum of humerus

55

radial tuberosity

raised, roughened area of radius proximal to the head on the anterior side

56

ulnar notch

point on distal, medial end of RADIUS where it articulates with the ulna

57

styloid process (radial)

process of radius on lateral side of wrist

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ulna

medial antebrachial bone

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coronoid process

bottom part of ulnar 'ice cream scoop'

60

olecranon

top of ulnar 'ice cream scoop'

61

trochlear notch

smooth, inner part of ulnar 'ice cream scoop'

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radial notch

point on proximal, medial side of ULNA where jt articulates with the radius

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ulnar head

next to styloid process (distal end, medial side)

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ulnar styloid process

protrusion on distal, lateral end of ulna that forms the medial side of the wrist

65

carpals

wrist bones; Stop (scaphoid) letting (lunate) the (triquetrum) people (pisiform) touch (trapezium) the (trapezoid) cadavers (capitate) hand (hamate).

66

metacarpals

palmar bones

67

pelvic girdle

ilium, ischium, pubis, and acetabulum

68

ilium

wings of pelvic girdle

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auricular surface

area of ilium that articulates with the sacrum

70

iliac crest

high crest ilium, top of wings

71

anterior inferior iliac spine

lower projection of ilium, right before the pubis

72

ischium

'sits' bones, bottom of the doughnut

73

ischial tuberosity

roughened inferior region of ischium

74

greater sciatic notch

notch inferior to the wings of the ilium

75

pubis

top/front of doughnut, forming the pubic arch

76

obturator foramen

large foramen formed by the ischium and pubis, allowing for the passage of blood vessels and nerves into the thigh

77

pubic symphysis

band of cartilage forming a joint in between the pubic bones

78

acetabulum

cup-like socket of the hip to articulate with the femoral head