1. The American Party System Flashcards Preview

Government And Economics: Unit 3 > 1. The American Party System > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1. The American Party System Deck (37):
1

How did Democratic Party get its symbol?

Democrat Andrew Jackson was mocked by his political rivals as being as stubborn and as stupid as a donkey (1828); once he won election, donkey became symbol of strength in the political cartoons

2

How did Republican Party get its symbol?

Drawn into political cartoons by artist Thomas Nast of the magazine Harpers Weekly (1874). Meant to symbolize huge republican vote throughout country

3

Why are republicans called the GOP?

Term first came along during 1896 elections-when Republicans captured both houses of congress in addition to the presidency with William McKinley.

4

Administration

Executive branch of the American government; as in "the Clinton administration."

5

Ballot box

The container into which voted are put

6

Candidate

A person who desires a position in a political office

7

Constituency

People of a region who elected a representative; the representative is answerable to these people. Also, the region itself

8

Dictatorship

A country with a one-Party leader who is in complete control; usually one who is unfair

9

Partisan

A type of person who will staunchly campaign or vote for only one political party

10

Political parties

A group of people organized with a governmental agenda in mind

11

Program

A political plan of action

12

Provincial

Pertaining to Canada; regional or territorial

13

Representative democracies

Democracy where the people elect representatives to act as their agents in making laws

14

For almost as long as the Constitution had been in existence

The United States has only gone once without a competitive national two-party system

15

The only time the U.S. was without an organized, competitive two party system in the White House?

During the 8-year administration of George Washington

16

What goes into the formation and growth of a political party?

Serious strategy, long hours of labor, and much sacrifice

17

Democratic countries?

United States, Canada

18

Political parties are extremely active on?

The national, state of provincial, and local levels

19

Most modern democracies are called?

Representative democracies

20

In a representative democracy, some process has is needed for?

Nominating candidates for public office and for selecting issues for public debate; political parties perform these functions for a representative democracy

21

Political parties are totally ____ organizations and want to?

Voluntary, obtain as many members as possible

22

Some parties have?

Rules to be obeyed and membership dues; others have practically no rules and require no dues of their members

23

Dictatorship

Have only one political party which controls government
In Communist nation, Communist Party is always in power

24

The party members?

Name their candidates
Draw up party programs
Encourage people to vote for their candidates so that their goals may be reached

25

Political parties in our country use the ____ instead of revolt and guns to achieve the changes desired for our country

Ballet box

26

Two-party system

Assures us of representation in the government and of a continued free nation

Assures that no particular party can abuse the politics and welfare of the people

27

Third parties

Strengthen our two major parties

28

After minority parties have served purpose of protest or proposal?

They often see their issued and their members taken over by one of the major parties

29

Two-party countries

Great Britain:Conservative and Labor
Canada:Liberal and Conservative
United States: Democrat and Republican

30

One of the two major parties in each country usually?

Controls the government

31

Early 1990 elections

The liberal party had almost 40% of the vote, nearly double runner up Reform Party (now a party of The Conservative Party of Canada)

32

Parties in Canadian politics?

Tories, Bloc Quebecois, and the New Democratic Party

33

Dominant party in recent Canadian elections?

Liberal, holds most seats in Canadian parliament

34

From the Civil War (1861-1865) until the mid 1960s?

Democrats strongly controlled most of the Southern states
Republicans, though not as strong, controlled some New England and the Midwestern states

35

Since the 1960s, republicans have?

Won increasing support in the South, and Democrats have been making gains in New England and the Midwest

36

Single party dictatorships are common in?

Communist and Facist countries

37

France

Weak coalitions do not tend to allow a country to grow properly because of the excessive Compromising necessary and because of behind-the-scenes maneuvering against the party in power