1. Veterinary Terminology: Digestive System Terminology (4) (not done) Flashcards Preview

Vet Prep > 1. Veterinary Terminology: Digestive System Terminology (4) (not done) > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1. Veterinary Terminology: Digestive System Terminology (4) (not done) Deck (76):
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mouth

first passage of digestive tract

1

or/o

mouth
oral

2

stomat/o

mouth
stomatitis

3

mandibul/o

lower jaw
mandible
submandible

4

maxillo/o

.

5

cheil/o

lip

6

bucc/o

cheek

7

gingiv/o

gums

8

lingu/o

tongue

9

labial surface

nearest to the lips

10

buccal surface

adjacent to the cheek

11

lingual surface

nearest to the tongue

12

occlusal surface

.

13

incisal

.

14

phagia

associated with eating

15

mastication

chewing

16

rumination

chew over again, digestion again

17

palate

soft and hard

18

pharynx

used for respiration and digestion

19

epiglottis

covers the trachea

20

deglutition

act of swallowing

21

esophagus

tube that carries food to stomach

22

peristalsis

involuntary, progressive, rhythmic contraction of muscles in the wall of the esophagus

23

bolus

(cud) mass of food that has been chewed at the point of swallowing

24

stomach

fundus
body
pyloric antrum

25

cardiac sphincter

lower esophafeal sphincter that relaxes and contracts to move food from the esophagus to the stomach

26

pyloric sphincter

allows food to leave the stomach when it is ready

27

rugae

folds in the mucous membrane lining the stomach

28

pepsin

enzyme that digests proteins

29

small intestine

extends from the pyloric sphincter to the first part of the large intestine

30

3 parts of the stomach

duodenum
jejunum
ileum

31

duodenum

recieves food from stomach and bile from liver and gallbladder and pancreatic juice from the pancreas

32

jejunum

2nd part of the small intestines

33

ileum

3rd part of small intestine
connects to the large intestine

34

villi

millions of tiny, microscopic projections that line the walls of the small intestine

35

large intestin

extends from the end of the ileum to the anus

36

3 parts of the large intestine

cecum
colon
rectum

37

cecum

a pouch that connects to the ileum at the ileocecal valve (sphincter)

38

colon

ascending, descending, transverse

39

rectum

terminates in the lower opening of the GI tract, the anus

40

crop

used for storage of food (esophagus) in avian species

41

proventriculus

glandular part of the stomach that may store food before going to the gizzard in avian species

42

gizzard

(stomach) used for grinding food in avian species

43

bile

produced by the liver for lipid digestion

44

bilirubin

brownish yellow substance in bile

45

gallbladder

stores bile made by the liver
cholecyst/o

46

Cholecyst/o

.

47

pancreas

endocrine and exocrine

48

amylase

enzyme that breaks down carbohydrates into simple sugars

49

lipase

enzyme that is produced by pancreas to digest lipids into TGs.

50

protease

enzyme produced by pancreas to digest proteins into amino acids

51

orexia

appetite

52

Anorexia

.

53

absorption

passage of materials through the walls of the small intestine into the bloodstream

54

amino acids

building blocks of proteins, produced when proteins are digested

55

anus

opening of the digestive tract to the outside of the body

56

emulsification

physical process of breaking up large fat gobules into smaller globules, thereby increasing the surface area that enzymes can use to digest fat

57

enzyme

a chemical that speeds up a reaction between substances

58

glucose

simple sugar

59

glycogen

starch
glucose is stored in the form of glycogen in liver cells

60

papillae

small elevations on the tongue (nipple like elevation)

61

portal vein

large vein bringing blood to the liver from the intestine

62

Endocrine and exocrine

.

63

Ascites

.

64

Borborygmus

.

65

Constipation

.

66

Icterus

.

67

Hematochezia

.

68

Melina

.

69

Steatorrhea

.

70

Ileus

.

71

Intussusception

.

72

Voluvulus

.

73

Colic

.

74

GDV

.

75

Cholelithiasis

.

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