1. Veterinary Terminology: Terms Pertaining to the Body as a Whole (3) Flashcards Preview

Vet Prep > 1. Veterinary Terminology: Terms Pertaining to the Body as a Whole (3) > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1. Veterinary Terminology: Terms Pertaining to the Body as a Whole (3) Deck (29):
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digestive system

gastrointestinal system

1

Systems

digestive, urinary, respiratory, reproductive, endocrine, nervous, circulatory, musculoskeletal, skin and sense organs,

species differences

2

cranial

brain
pituitary gland

3

thoracic

"pluck"

4

pleural cavity

lining of thoracic cavity

5

mediastinum

undelineated group of structures in the thorax, surrounded by loose connective tissue

6

pneumothorax

"free" air in cavity (lungs)
'traumatic'

7

flail

damage to lung

8

body cavities

thoracic
abdominal
pelvic

9

peritoneum

serous membrane that forms the lining of the abdominal cavity or the coelom

10

retroperitoneum

anatomical space in the abdominal cavity behind (retro) the peritoneum

11

spinal cavity

the space in vertebrae through the spinal cord passes.

12

divisions of the back

cervical
thoracic
lumbar
sacral
coccygeal

13

ventral

front surface of the body

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dorsal

the back side of the body

15

deep

away from the surface

16

superficial

on the surface

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proximal

near the point of attachment to the trunk or near the beginning of a structure

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distal

far from the point of attachment to the trunk or far from the beginning of a structure

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caudal

toward the tail, away from the head

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craniel

toward the head, away from the tail

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rostral

toward the mouth

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medial

pertaining to the middle or nearer the medial plane of a body

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lateral

pertaining to the side

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frontal (coronal)

horizontal plane dividing the body into ventral and dorsal portions

25

sagittal

lengthwise vertical plane dividing the body or structure into right and left sides

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transverse (axial)

vertical plane running across the body dividing caudal from craniel portions

27

palmer

bottom of hand/paw/hoof in the cranial/front

28

plantar

bottom of hand/paw/hoof in caudal/back

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