10-11a Supportive Devices/Gait Training Lab Flashcards Preview

Unit 2 > 10-11a Supportive Devices/Gait Training Lab > Flashcards

Flashcards in 10-11a Supportive Devices/Gait Training Lab Deck (16):
1

What devices, possible LE Weight Bearing Status, and description coincide with a Two-Point Gait Pattern?

Bilateral assistive devices: canes, crutches
WBAT
One ambulatory device and the opposite LE move forward simultaneously. Each step is one point and a complete cycle is two points.

2

What devices, possible LE Weight Bearing Status, and description coincide with a Four-Point Gait Pattern?

Bilateral assistive devices: canes, crutches
WBAT
One ambulatory device is moved forward and placed on the floor, followed by the opposite LE. The other ambulatory device is moved forward and placed on the floor, followed by the opposite LE.
Left cane, right foot, right cane, left foot left cane…

3

What devices, possible LE Weight Bearing Status, and description coincide with a Three-Point Gait Pattern?

Bilateral crutches or a walker
NWB
Crutches or walker advances, patient hops forward on uninvolved LE keeping involved LE non-weight bearing

4

What devices, possible LE Weight Bearing Status, and description coincide with a Modified Three-Point Gait Pattern?

Bilateral crutches or a walker
TTWB, PWB, WBAT
Crutches or walker advances, patient steps forward with involved LE placing it down with as much weight as allowed, then steps with uninvolved LE

5

What devices, possible LE Weight Bearing Status, and description coincide with a Step To Gait Pattern?

Bilateral crutches or walker
WBAT
Crutches or walker advances, impaired LE advances, match with non-impaired LE

6

What devices, possible LE Weight Bearing Status, and description coincide with a Step Through Gait Pattern?

Rolling walker
WBAT
advance walker simultaneously lead with impaired LE and then step with non-impaired LE, passing placement of impaired LE

7

Indication for use of an AD

Decreased ability to bear weight on Lower Extremities
Decreased trunk and/or Lower Extremity strength
Impaired balance
Impaired Kinesthetic awareness
To off-set LE pain

8

What to do if patient loses balance:

use your positioning to hug the patient close to your body. Can steady them until able to regain balance or someone can come to assist you.

9

What to do if a patient's knee(s) buckle

hug the patient close to your body, while having them sit on your bent knee until someone can come to assist you

10

FWB

no restrictions

11

WBAT

allowed to put as much weight on extremity as patient can tolerate; usually needs an AD due to pain and/or weakness

12

PWB

allowed to but some but not all weight on an extremity; defined by a percentage (i.e. 25%, 50%)

13

TTWB

no weight through the limb; big toe on the
ground (helpful input for balance)

14

NWB

limb does not touch the ground or weight bearing surface

15

Sizing AD

slightly bent at 15 to 30 degrees at the elbows for AD
grip at wrist crease

16

walker limitations?

Rather bulky. Can be difficult to use in crowded or narrow spaces

Can lose their stability / effectiveness on uneven surfaces

Eliminate the capability for arm swing

Unless front wheels are swivel wheels, can be difficult to maneuver / change in direction during ambulation.

Not functional for stair negotiation

If used improperly, can promote forward flexed posture, or posterior loss of balance