10/30- Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorders Flashcards Preview

Fall '13-142 (Exam 2) > 10/30- Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in 10/30- Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorders Deck (19):
1

What is the timeline of treatment approaches?

- 1943- Kanner describes Early Infantile Autism

- 1967- "Refrigerator Mothers" counted

- 1970- Pragmatics Revolution- Bates (IMPORTANT)

- 1970- Sensory Integration

- 1981- Lovaas "Me Book"

- 1986- Functional Assessment of Behavior- Durand

- 1990- Theory of Mind

- 1990- Facilitated Communication

- 1994- Let me Hear Your Voice- ABA follow-up study

2

What is the Pragmatics Revolution?

- began the study of language and communication within social context

- pragmatics studied for the first time

- focused on the child being an active learner instead of being under control of the teacher

- follow child's intentional focus

- communication goals was developed based on the child's current abilities and learning strengths and needs as opposed to using the same goals for all children

- focus was developing meaningful and function communication

3

True of False

The "Me Book" was the gold standard for the discrete trial approach?

True

4

Why should facilitated communication treatment not good to use?

- kids has severe motor problems to be able to communicate

- facilitator was to study the child's fingers on a keyboard

- child was communicating via the keyboard at a high level, even low IQs. Even children who were verbal and high IQs.

- it was discovered that the facilitator was actually guiding the child's hands to type and this was being done subconsciously

5

What does DT-TB stand for?

Discrete trial-Traditional Behavior

6

What does SP-D

Social Pragmatic- Development

7

When it comes to the continuum of ABA Intervention Approaches, what is middle ground referred to as?

It draws strategies from both sides (DT-TB and SP-D) depending on what the activity is.

8

What approaches fall under DT-TB?

- Lovaas

- Isolated Skills

- Repetitive practice

- Confusion with ABA

9

What type of style is DT-TB?

- Directive

- greater demands on child to respond, behave and communicate in a certain manner

10

What type of style is SP-D

- follow child's lead

- provide minimal direction from the communicative partner

- minimal instruction or intrusion

11

What type of style are middle ground approaches?

- selective use of directive or facilities elements depending on the activity

- depends on the child's ability depending not he activity demands

- child's emotional regulatory status

12

What approach would you use for hand washing?

DT-TB because there might need to be more physical instruction/motor teaching

13

What approach would you use for fostering social communication during hand washing?

Less directive approach, maybe SP-D or middle ground approaches

14

What approaches fall under the middle ground approaches?

- Modified Discrete Trail

- TEACCH

- PRT

- RDI

15

What approaches fall under the SP-D approaches?

- SCERTS

- More Than Words

- Greenspan Floor Time

16

Which approaches rely more on repetitive practice, and isolated skills?

DT-TB/Traditional-Behavioral approaches

17

What type of approaches rely more on naturally occurring events and activities as well as a greater emphasis on interpersonal interaction?

SP-D

18

How is DT-TB defined?

single teaching unit
instruction- response- consequence

19

Left off at 18:59 card number 4

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