10. Making Voting More Effective Flashcards Preview

Government And Economics: Unit 3 > 10. Making Voting More Effective > Flashcards

Flashcards in 10. Making Voting More Effective Deck (45):
1

Voting in America has been an important right since?

The colonists declared their independence from Great Britain

2

Early state constitutions established?

Governing bodies and outlined the voting rights of the people

3

In the early years of our nation, only _____ could vote

Male property owners

4

Fifteenth amendment

Extended voting rights to African American males after Reconstruction

5

Nineteenth amendment

Voting rights for women, 1920

6

Twenty-sixth amendment

Latest extension of voting rights
Voting rights for 18 year olds

7

Appointment

A designation to serve based upon ability and other qualifications

8

General election

This follows the primary election; voters determine which of the two nominated candidates shall hold office

9

Independents

Voters with no party affiliation

10

Polling official

Designated authorities who see to the fairness of the election at each voting precinct

11

Primary

An early election in which delegates select and nominate candidates for office

12

Referendum

The submitting of a proposed public measure for voting by the general public

13

Short ballot

A ticket for voting that shows only the names of the candidates for the highest offices

14

Split ticket

Voting for the best candidate for each office regardless of party

15

Straight ticket

A person votes for all candidates of that party for all offices

16

Voting booth

A device used in elections; its privacy curtain or shield ensures the citizen of secrecy while voting

17

Voting machine

A mechanism used in elections; with a system of buttons and levers, the voter has no need of writing utensils

18

The method of voting has changes from ____ to the use of the _____ ballot in American election precincts today

Oral voting, secret

19

Less than ____ of eligible voters vote in a national election

Half

20

The use of _____ have all become a part of our voting system

Voting booths, the voting machine, and polling officials

21

Ballots from different differ in?

Length

22

In e recent election in one state, the ballot was almost ___ feet long

9

23

People are asked to vote, not only for national, state, and local officers, but on many ____ and _____ measures as well

Initiative, referendum

24

With the long ballot, the voters cannot?

Learn enough about the candidates for all offices to act intelligently

25

As a result of the ____, candidates lacking in ability are sometimes put into office

Long ballot

26

The long ballot is a handicap to good government because?

It puts a heavy "homework" load on the voter to find out about all the issues and candidates

27

Straight ticket voting is encouraged by?

The existence of the the long ballot with its bewildering array of offices and candidates

28

Voting by marking an "X" at the top of the ballot beside the name of the party of choice?

Straight ticket

29

Party leaders love loyalty of ____ voters, but the quality of democracy suffers in the process

Straight ticket

30

Alternative method to straight ticket?

Split ticket

31

_____ split their tickets regularly

Independents

32

Remedy of problem of long ballot?

Short ballot

33

Only names of candidates for the highest office appear on the _____ ballot, other offices are then filled by ______, preferably under the _____ system

Short, appointment, civil service system

34

The few elected officials could be?

Held accountable for actions and would be encouraged to appoint the best team members to get essential work done

35

The National Short Ballot Organization, with _____ as its president, started in ___. Has united with other organizations to reform election system

Woodrow Wilson, 1909

36

Use of the short ballot system has been _____, but is being used more in city, county, and state elections

Slow in spreading

37

Best example in America of the short ballot?

National government

38

Of all the federal offices we only elect?

The president, Vice President, and members of congress

39

The people vote for ____ House of Representatives and for _____ of the Senate every ____ years

The whole, one-third, two years

40

Primaries in most states ____ these elections

Precede

41

Sometimes elections appear to be held?

Too frequently

42

In one of the larger cities, the people went to the polls?

A total of five elections in ten months

43

Frequent elections?

Cost money and make it difficult to get a majority of people to vote

44

One way of cutting down the frequency of elections?

Lengthen the terms of our elected officials
Cut out any election when all the persons running are unopposed

45

National, state, and local elections come on?

The same day in most cases, which mean that national issues often overshadow important local matters