102 - Field First Aid Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 102 - Field First Aid Deck (13):
1

What are the steps of Initial Evaluation of a victim?

- Assess the situation: tactical/non, threats to person rendering First Aid.
- Keep pt laying down: prevent further injury, calm pt.
- ID the injury: Tx more sever first
- Check for consciousness: is pt alert/aware
- Check breathing: check airway for obstructions
- Check pulse: weak/rapid/present/absent
- Check for injuries: SECONDARY sweep for less sever injuries

2

Signs and symptoms of Fx:

- discoloration
- disfigurement
- bruising
- swelling
- difficulty moving
- numbness
- pain

3

How do you Tx a Fx of the:
ARM/LEG/JAW/NOSE/SKULL/SPINE/RIB/SHOULDER

Arm: splint & secure to the body with a sling
Leg: 2 splints secured with 5 straps
Jaw: pull jaw and tongue forward and secure with 4-tailed bandage
Nose: stop bleeding, head forward, ice
Skull: lay down, direct pressure, raise head slightly, wrap head lightly (to allow for swelling), monitor pt closely
Spine: keep warm, place spine board
Ribs: tape the flail area during exhale all around the chest, strap arm to the side of the chest in needed.
Shoulder: apply a sling, place forearm across the chest with wrist 4" above elbow, palm in and thumb up.

4

Tx of ARM Fx

splint & secure to the body

5

Tx of LEG Fx

2 splints secured with 5 straps

6

Tx of JAW Fx

pull jaw and tongue forward and secure with 4-tailed bandage

7

Tx of NOSE Fx

stop bleeding, head forward, ice

8

Tx of SKULL Fx

lay down, direct pressure, raise head slightly, wrap head lightly (to allow for swelling), monitor pt closely

9

Tx of SPINE Fx

keep warm, place spine board

10

Tx of RIB Fx

tape the flail area during exhale all around the chest, strap arm to the side of the chest in needed.

11

Tx of SHOULDER Fx

apply a sling, place forearm across the chest with wrist 4" above elbow, palm in and thumb up.

12

Explain TIED-HAND CARRY

- pt's hands are tied together and placed over rescuer's head and neck
- drag in bear crawl position

13

Explain PACK-STRAP CARRY

Used to carry a heavy pt for a long distance