Flashcards in 11 Deck (44):
Your department can take the following three steps immediately to help reduce the rates of firefighter injury and mortality:
One. Improve hazard awareness and recognition.
Two. Provide emergency escape or self rescue capability.
Three. Provide rescue capability by deploying RITs
The six question firefighters survival survey is an information gathering thought process designed to focus a firefighters attention on doing his job as efficiently as possible while maximizing the chances of going home in one piece:
One. What is the occupancy?
Two. What are the occupants?
Three. Where is the fire?
Four. How do we get in?
Five. How do we get out when things go wrong?
Six. What is happening in the building?
The blank should tell us what our attitude should be at that particular alarm
The greatest fire related loss of civilian life each year occurs?
And one and two family dwellings
Normans three rules of survival are as follows:
One never put yourself in a position where you are depending on someone else to come and get you.
2. always know where your escape route is.
Three always know where your second escape route is.
The survival survey must include and blank evaluation of conditions with in the building
Up to the minute
Blank may hinder firefighters from recognizing potential flashover
After a firefighter has been trained the use of the SCBA, he must be taught how to operate it under emergency conditions. Among the items that should be taught are the reduced profile maneuver, the emergency escape maneuver (quick release), emergency door opening, and mask sharing. An optional skill is?
Changing cylinders in a smoke filled atmosphere
Removing an S CBA from your back will most often be needed when?
Breaching a wall, since this will allow you to pass between the studs
The reduced profile maneuver is a simple task that allows firefighters wearing a SCBA to squeeze through narrow spaces. The most common use for this technique is?
To get through the space between the building and a fire escape stairway
The most critical use of the reduced profile maneuver might be when a firefighter has to?
Squeeze through the 14 inch space between two wall studs to escape to another room if the doorway becomes blocked
If you are cut off by extending fire, you will have limited options, but some the simplest choices are sometimes overlooked. First?
Try to find an area of refuge
Under less severe conditions, where the firefighter isn't in danger of being overrun by fire but is merely lost, it may well be better initially to avoid unnecessary exertion so as to conserve air. The first action should be?
Call for help by radio, using all channels
If you are entangled and unable to jump, as a last ditch effort?
Throw your helmet out the window
Blank, unlike forcible entry, is performed to save a firefighters life
What is the most common method of forcible exit
Breaking a window
Escape: breaching a wall first drive all the way through the wall to the other side about blank above floor level if possible. This is necessary to check for any impassable obstructions like toilets, refrigerators, or cabinets, or fire already present in the next room.
3 feet above floor level
One of the key items when a firefighter is trapped or missing is to know?
Who and how many people you are looking for
This will often help focus your rescue efforts in the proper location
Firefighter accountability: one copy of the riding a list should be kept by the officer on duty, who can is it to conduct rollcall if conditions demand. The other copy should be?
Posted in a conspicuous place on the dashboard of the apparatus, where it can be retrieved by the officer in command if the officer or the entire company is among the missing. At large-scale operations, it is be desirable to leave a third copy at the command post
Accountability : at the command post, there must be provisions for
Recording the locations where units are operating
A rollcall on the fire ground is a sign of one of two things happening:
Either the situation is spiraling out of control with the rapidly changing conditions, or the situation is well in hand and being managed very effectively
Accountability: the size of many fire operations and the time it takes to cover all of the areas to conduct a headcount, require some additional measures to enable us to identify a missing member rapidly. The most important item is a?
The rollcall should be ordered and recorded by the command post whenever any of the following events occur
Pass alarm activation, sudden fire extension, structural collapse, or the issuance of orders to withdrawal from a structure
NFPA 1500 and OSHA's respiratory protection standard, also known as the two in two out rule each requires that at least a two person Rit be available during?
The initial stages of serious fires
The four prerequisites to a successful rapid intervention operation are
People, policies, tools, techniques
People are the most important resource
Blank people are the absolute minimum to carry out a successful rescue of a downed firefighter in a simple circumstance
One key personnel issue that must be addressed when implementing a rapid intervention team policy is?
The attitude of the assigned rapid intervention team members
Blank is the primary goal of the rapid intervention team
One critical task that the rapid intervention team can perform without reducing their readiness is?
Assist the IC with tracking the location of operating units and personnel
The rapid intervention team should report to and be under direct control of?
The incident commander or the operations officer if they are forward deployed, as in the case of a fire in a high-rise
When should the rapid intervention team officer request a size up of the building?
By radio while still enroute, determining the size of the building as well as its construction, occupancy, and fire location
Rapid intervention team: the first problem is a lack of information about what has happened. The IC out in the street may have no indication as to the severity of the problem, other than a garbled radio transmission. His first priority must be?
To gain control of the situation, clear radio channels of any unnecessary traffic, and establish clear lines of communications with the parties that are reporting the problem.
Rapid intervention team: once communication with the trapped members has been established, the incident commander must immediately?
Be advised of the number of members and if known their condition
As soon the first report is received that a firefighter is down, three things should happen?
First, if not already at the scene, an ALS ambulance should be called. Second, additional firefighting personnel must be special called. Third, a protective hoseline, spare mask, and a resuscitator should all be brought to the vicinity, even if there is no obvious immediate need for them
Wet bunker gear can add blank pounds to a firefighters wait
30 to 35
If possible, the incident commander should assign blank to supervise the rescue effort of the distressed firefighter
Incident commander's duties: the IC is informed of a trapped or unconscious member he should take the following steps? Designate a staging area at least blank from the scene and have the dispatcher direct a chief officer to that location together the and for incoming units and maintain control over their assignment
At least one block away
Most incidents where a firefighter is trapped, the best resource you can have is?
Once the rescuing firefighters arrived at the location of the unconscious firefighter, generally the first action taken should be?
To assess the victims breathing status. If the victim is breathing, check the supply of air remaining in their SCBA
Once the breathing member is supplied with air, our priority is to?
Remove home to a tenable atmosphere without inflicting spinal injury
As in most firefighter removal's, the first step is to?
Convert the downed firefighters S CBA into a harness
Vertical removal: if vertical removal is considered because a firefighter has fallen through a fire weakened floor or roof the area around the perimeter of the whole must be surveyed by the rescuing firefighters. If there's a possibility that secondary collapse may occur during the rescue removal then?
The area around the whole must be reinforced
What is the minimum number of rescuers that should be used to hoist vertically?