11&12 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 11&12 Deck (30):
1

The most devastating natural disaster in European history

Black Death

2

The long, exhausting struggle from 1337-1435 ended in expelling the English from all continental lands except the port of Calais

Hindered years war

3

She had visions from God and joined the military and helped the French find confidence changing the course of the war but was captured and burned at the stake

Joan of arc

4

The great counsel of barons

House of Lords

5

The representatives of the shires and boroughs l, who were considered less important.

House of Commons

6

The edict that stated four lay princes and three ecclesiastical rulers would serve as electors with the legal power to elect the king

Golden bull

7

The other northern Italian state which had grown rich from commercial activity in the eastern Mediterranean and Northern Europe

Republic of Venice

8

Where the new pope took up residence

Avignon

9

Saintly demeanor and claims of visions from God led the city of Florence to send her on a mission to pope Gregory XI

Catherine of Siena

10

There were two popes

Great schism

11

Wrote divine comedy

Dante Alighieri

12

Wrote the Canterbury tales

Geoffrey Chaucer

13

Introduced a new understanding of time

Clocks

14

Introduced a new way of protection for castles

Cannons

15

The birthplace of the modern world

Renaissance

16

Where Italian merchants came into contact with these powerful merchants who prospered during the Black Plague

Hanseatic league

17

The greatest banking establishment all controlled by one family

House of Medici

18

A fundamental handbook for European aristocrats for centuries

The book of Courtier

19

Five major powers that dominated the Italian peninsula

Italian states

20

Dominated the region of Tuscany

Republic of Florence

21

He wrote The Prince one of the most famous treaties on political power in the western world

Niccolò Machiavelli

22

The father of the Italian renaissance humanism

Petrarch

23

Played an important role in bribing the printing process to completion

Johannes Gutenberg

24

One of the great Italian renaissance artists, he represents a transitional figure in the shift to high renaissance principles

Leonard's da Vinci

25

Blossomed as anointer at An early age; he attempted to achieve an ideal of beauty far surpassing human standards

Raphael

26

An accomplished painter, sculptor, and architect. Another giant of the high renaissance. Driven by his passion and energy on a remarkable number of projects

Michelangelo

27

Made two trips to Italy and absorbed most of what the Italians could teach, as is evident in his mastery of the laws of perspective and renaissance theories of proportion

Albrecht Dürer

28

Annexed other Russian principalities and took advantage of dissension among the mongols to grow off their yoke by 1480

Ivan III

29

Beginning in northeastern Asia Minor in the thirteenth century, the ottoman Turks spread rapidly, seizing the lands of Seljuk Turks and the Byzantine empire

Byzantine empire

30

Urged the elimination of the worldliness and corruption of the clergy and attacked the excessive power of the papacy within the Catholic Church

John Hus