11&12 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 11&12 Vocab Deck (32):
1

Battery

(N.)
1. A beating or pounding, especially an unlawful beating, as in assault and battery

2. Guns or heavy artillery

3. A group of similar things used together

Specialized meanings: pitcher/catcher on baseball team, percussion section of orchestra, device for generating electric current

Assault/battery: assault refers to a threat to use force on someone, while battery refers to an actual carrying out of that threat

2

Battlement

(N.) a defense wall with alternating high and low sections {often used in plural form}
-battlemented

3

Abate

(V.) to reduce in quantity or intensity; to subside; to diminish
-abatement

4

Bellicose

(Adj.) warlike; eager to fight
-bellicoseness, bellicosity

5

Belligerent

1. (N.) a country or persons engage in warfare or hostile action

2. (Adj.) behaving in a hostile or aggressive manner; engaged in combat
-belligerence, belligerency

6

Daunt

(V.) to intimidate; to discourage or dishearten
-daunting, dauntless

7

Indomitable

(Adj.) unconquerable
-indomitability, indomitableness

8

Forte

1. (N.) a person’s strong point; the thing in which a person excels

2. (Adj.) in music, loudly; forcefully

9

Fortitude

(N.) courage in enduring pain or trouble
-fortitudinous

10

Carte blanche

(N.) unrestricted power to act at ones discretion; unconditional permission or authority

11

Cartel

1. (N.) an organization of firms in the same industry or the purpose of regulating production, pricing, and marketing of goods and decreasing competition by members

2. A coalition of political or special-interest groups to achieve a common cause; a bloc
-cartelist, cartelization, cartelize

12

Cartographer

(N.) a maker of maps or charts
-cartographic, cartographical, cartography

13

Pugilist

(N.) a fist fighter, especially a professional boxer.
-pugilism, pugilistic

14

Pugnacious

(Adj.) quarrelsome; eager for a fight
-pugnacity

15

Impugn

(V.) to oppose or attack as false; to seek to discredit
-impugnable, impugnability, impugner

16

Nota bene: pugnacious vs bellicose

Both mean eager to fight, but the two words differ in usage. Pugnacious usually describes an individual, someone who is bad tempered or who enjoys picking a fight. Bellicose more often describes a nation or an institution, such as a government with an aggressive military policy of conquest.
Belligerent can apply to both aggressive persons and groups but differs from pugnacious and bellicose in also describing a state of actual engagement in warfare; for example, the belligerent forces made a truce.

17

Cadence

(N.) a rhythmic flow of sound, as in poetry or oratory, or of movement, as in marching or dancing

18

Casuistry

(N.)
1. The use of moral principles to reason out what is right or wrong in everyday situations (usually associated with a morality that emphasizes adherence to established laws.)
2. Subtle but misleading or false application of reasoning; a quibbling or evasive way of making difficult decisions
-casuist, casuistic, casuistical

19

Decadent

1. (Adj.) Declining or decaying (applied to a condition, things, or people.)

2. (N.) a person who is decaying mentally o morally

3.(n.) a member of a group of nineteenth-century French and English artists who were inspired by artificial and morbid things
-decadence

20

Occident

(N.) capitalized- the parts of the world that lie west of Asia, especially the countries of Europe and the Western Hemisphere
-Occidental, occidental, Occidentalism, occidentalize

21

Recidivism

(N.) a relapse into a former habit, especially criminal or antisocial behavior.
-recidivist, recidivistic, recidivous

22

cede

(v.) to yield or surrender rights or possessions, usually officially.

23

accede

1. (v.) to consent;to agree

2. to take offcie; to become a ruler

{used with "to"}
-accession, accessional

24

concession

1. (n.) the act of granting or yielding
2. (n.) permission by authority for special use, especially the privilege of setting up a buisness in a certain place, or the place itself
-concede, concessionaire, concessionary

25

nota bene: difference b/w cede and concede

they both mean "to surrender rights," but concede has an additional meaning of "to admit" or "to make a concession"

26

intercede

1. (v.) to act on another's behalf

2. to mediate in a dispute; to seek to reconcile differences
-intercession, intercessor

27

predatory

1. (adj.) preying on other animals

2. (adj.) plundering; exploiting or victimizing others
-predation, predator, predatoriness

28

depredation

(n.) destruction, plunder
-depredate, depredator, depredatory

29

punctilious

(adj.) precise; scrupulous; attentive to details, especially of etiquette
-punctiliousness

30

pungent

(adj.) having a strong, biting taste or smell
-pungency

31

compunction

(n.) uneasiness caused by guilt; remorse; scruples
-compunctious

32

expunge

(v.) to omit; to delete; to obliterate
-expunction, expunger