11 The Age of Imperialism, 1850-1914 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 11 The Age of Imperialism, 1850-1914 Deck (33):
1

imperialism

a policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically, or socially

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racism

the belief that one race is superior to others

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Social Darwinism

the application of Charles Darwin’s ideas about evolution and “survival of the fittest” to human societies—particularly as justification for imperialist expansion

4

Berlin Conference

a meeting at which representatives of European nations agreed upon rules for the European colonization of Africa (1884-85)

5

Shaka

Zulu chief who created a large centralized state

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Boer

a Dutch colonist in South Africa

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Boer War

a conflict, lasting from 1899 to 1902, in which the Boers and the British fought for control of territory in South Africa

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paternalism

a policy of treating subject people as if they were children, providing for their needs but not giving them rights

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assimilation

a policy in which a nation forces or encourages a subject people to adopt its institutions and customs

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Menelik II

leader of Ethiopian resistance

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geopolitics

a foreign policy based on a consideration of the strategic locations or products of other lands

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Crimean War

a conflict, lasting from 1853 to 1856, in which the Ottoman Empire, with the aid of Britain and France, halted Russian expansion in the region of the Black Sea

13

Suez Canal

a man-made waterway, which was opened in 1869, connecting the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea

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sepoy

an Indian soldier serving under British command

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jewel in the crown

the British colony of India—so called because of its importance in the British Empire, both as a supplier of raw materials and as a market for British trade goods

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Sepoy Mutiny

an 1857 rebellion of Hindu and Muslim soldiers against the British in India

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Raj

the British-controlled portions of India in the years 1757–1947

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Pacific Rim

the lands surrounding the Pacific Ocean— especially those in Asia

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King Mongkut

king who helped Siam modernize

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Emilio Aguinaldo

leader of Filipino nationalists

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annexation

the adding of a region to the territory of an existing political unit

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Queen Liliuokalani

last Hawaiian ruler of Hawaii

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colony

area governed by a foreign power

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direct control

system of completely governing a colony

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indirect control

system of running a colony in which local rulers have some power

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protectorate

area with its own government under the control of a foreign power

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Siam

old name for what is now modern Thailand

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sphere of influence

area claimed as the exclusive investment or trading realm of a foreign power

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11.1 What were some of the internal factors that contributed to imperialism in Africa?

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11.2 How did colonial rule cause a breakdown in traditional African culture?

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11.3 Why did the Persian people oppose their ruler’s policy of selling business concessions to Europeans?

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11.4 Why didn’t Indians unite against the British in the Sepoy Mutiny?

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11.5 What changes took place in Southeast Asia as a result of colonial control?

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