11.2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 11.2 Deck (16):
1

What is an aliphatic hydrocarbon?

Carbon atoms are joined together in chains, or non-aromatic rings

2

Define alicyclic hydrocarbon

Carbon atoms are joined to each other in ring structures

3

Define aromatic

Some of the carbon atoms are found in a benzene ring

4

What are alkanes?

Hydrocarbons containing single C-C bonds

5

What are alkenes?

Hydrocarbons containing double C=C bonds

6

What are alkynes?

Hydrocarbons containing triple carbon-to-carbon bonds

7

Name the prefix and suffix for an alcohol functional group

Hydroxy-
-ol

8

Give examples of prefixes for haloalkanes

chloro-
bromo-
iodo-

9

What is the suffix for an aldehyde?

-al

10

What is the suffix for a ketone?

-one

11

What is the suffix for a carboxylic acid?

-oic acid

12

What is the suffix for an ester?

-oate

13

What is the suffix for an acyl chloride?

-oyl chloride

14

What is the prefix and suffix for an amine group?

amino-
-amine

15

What is the suffix for a nitrile group?

-nitrile

16

If the suffix starts with a consonant, what should you change?

Add the final letter -e of the alkane stem