Flashcards in 11.3 Deck (12):

1

## Define molecular formula

### A formula that shows the number and type of atoms of each element present in a molecule

2

## Define empirical formula

### The formula that shows the simplest whole-number ratio of atoms of each element present in a compound

3

## Define general formula

### The simplest algebraic formula for any member of a homologous series

4

## Give the general formula for alkanes

### Cn H2n+2

5

## Give the general formula for alkenes

### Cn H2n

6

## What is the general formula for alcohols?

### Cn H2n+1 OH

7

## Give the general formula for carboxylic acids

### Cn H2n O2

8

## Give the general formula for ketones

### Cn H2n O

9

## Define displayed formula

### A formula that shows the relative positioning of all of the atoms in a molecule and the bonds between them

10

## Define structural formula

### A formula showing the minimal detail for the arrangement of atoms in a molecule

11

## Define skeletal formula

### A simplified organic formula, with hydrogen atoms removed from alkyl chains

12