11.3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 11.3 Deck (12):
1

Define molecular formula

A formula that shows the number and type of atoms of each element present in a molecule

2

Define empirical formula

The formula that shows the simplest whole-number ratio of atoms of each element present in a compound

3

Define general formula

The simplest algebraic formula for any member of a homologous series

4

Give the general formula for alkanes

Cn H2n+2

5

Give the general formula for alkenes

Cn H2n

6

What is the general formula for alcohols?

Cn H2n+1 OH

7

Give the general formula for carboxylic acids

Cn H2n O2

8

Give the general formula for ketones

Cn H2n O

9

Define displayed formula

A formula that shows the relative positioning of all of the atoms in a molecule and the bonds between them

10

Define structural formula

A formula showing the minimal detail for the arrangement of atoms in a molecule

11

Define skeletal formula

A simplified organic formula, with hydrogen atoms removed from alkyl chains

12

Give the general formula for cycloalkanes

Cn H2n