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Flashcards in 1135 Questions & Blanks Deck (54):
1

Every state has a __________

written constitution

2

Every state has a__________________________ and a ___________ both elected by popular vote

representative lawmaking body
governor

3

Only _________ has a unicameral legislature, and only ____________ has a legal system based on Roman law rather than on English common law.

Nebraska
Louisiana

4

In the original states, the ___________ had more power than the ____________

legislative branch
executive branch

5

The ____________ is less detailed and rigid than _____________

federal Constitution
state constitutions

6

An amendment is always ratified by _____________

popular referendum

7

Representation in ______ houses is based on ________ or _________ or __________;
Representation in ______ houses is based on ________ or _________________

lower, towns, counties, districts

upper, counties, senatorial districts

8

Powers of ______________ include those not granted to the _____________________________________ branches or _______ governments and those not denied to it by the Constitution

state legislatures
executive or legislative
local

9

____________ handle cases involving the state constitution, state laws, and county or municipial ordinances; and _____________ handle only cases involving interstate matters, violations of federal law, or intrastate matters on an appelate basis.

State courts
federal courts

10

________ and ___________ are both classified as local governments

county
municipial governments

11

A body of __________ or _______________ administers county governmetn

supervisors
commissioners

12

Police and fire protection are two major responsibilities of ______ governments

city

13

___________ governements have, for the most part, taken over responsibility for road construction and maintenance and the operation of school systems

State

14

In some areas, one large ____________________ has been formed by merging towns, cities, and counties.

metropolitan area

15

Things true of congressional districts

1. All congressional districts must have nearly equal population
2. The population of a congressional district cannot deviate more than 15% from the average
3. Each district must be as compact as possible
4. No district boundary can cross unified areas such as cities, counties, etc.

16

Factors contributing to the decision to establish a bicameral legislature

1. The experiences of England and the colonies confirmed the superiority of a bicameral legislature.
2. The system helped reconcile conflicting interests between small and large states.
3. Each house checks the other, and neither democracy nor aristocracy dominates the government.

17

The _____________ is the basis for each state's representation in the _____________________

number of residents
House of Representatives

18

___________________________ are drawn by state legislatures

Congressional district lines

19

When are congressional elections held?

Congressional elections are held the Tuesday after the first Monday of November in even-numbered years.

20

All candidates must keep careful records of _________________________________

their campaign income and expenditures

21

Corporations and other groups cannot make ____________ to a campaign

direct contributions

22

A PAC, or ____________, is allowed to contribute to a political campaign.

political action committee

23

___________ is the major function of Congress.

Lawmaking

24

Congress may delegate legislative powers to the ________________ but not to _____________

executive branch (President)
the states or the people

25

Congress has given to certain _________________, specific __________

regulatory commissions
legislative duties

26

The nonlegislative functions of Congress

judicial powers
constituent powers
executive powers
administrative control
investigative powers
electoral functions

27

Enumerated powers of Congress

to borrow money
to coin money
to declare war
to establish post offices
to impose and collect taxes
to provide and maintain a navy
to raise and support armies
to call out the militia to suppress insurrections
to establish rules of naturalization
to exercise authority over Washington D.C.
to fix standards of weights and measures
to pass copyright and patent laws
to pass laws necessary to carry out other powers
to regulate foreign and interstate commerce

28

Congressional terms begin on _________ following an election

January 3rd

29

A specific Congress exists for ___ years and must meet ______ during that time.

2
twice

30

The ___________ may call a special session of Congress but may neither __________ nor ____________

President
dissolve it
suspend its sessions

31

A regular congressional session may not be longer than

12 months

32

Both houses have a system of ______, ________, _______, ________, and ___________ to help them carry out their tasks

committees
subcommittees
rules
procedures
customs

33

Of the two houses of Congress, only the _________ has had a continuous existence

Senate

34

The most powerful man in the House is the _____________

Speaker of the House

35

The first two men who follow the President in succession

Vice President -> Speaker of the House

36

The average congressional committee has ___ members, and its chairman is usually the ______________ committee member with the most __________

35
majority party
seniority

37

The seniority system equates seniority with ______ and ________

ability
competence

38

The President of the Senate has less power than the Speaker of the House because he ______________

can vote only in case of a tie
cannot participate in debate
must recognize Senators as they rise

39

Bills for raising revenue must originate in the ___________________

House of Representatives

40

The _____________ in the House sets the time allotted for debate and the limitations on changes to a bill.

Rules Committee

41

Unlike the House, speeches and debate in the Senate are not subject to a _________

time limit

42

Congress is _________ and ____________ in its actions because it represents a multitude of constituents and mirrors the conflicts in our society

slow
deliberate

43

Features common to all of the states

1. equal status within the U.S.
2. inherent powers
3. constitution
4. system of checks and balances
5. an elected governor
6. judiciary
7. separation of powers

44

Features common to all state constitutions include ___________

1. a preamble
2. provisions for amendment
3. a bill of rights.
4. more details than the federal Constitution
5. provisions for education, etc.
6.description of the organization of the branches
7. provisions for voting and election procedures

45

The primary duty of a governor is to carry out and enforce the _____________, including the federal Constitution, the ________________, and the ________ and _____________ ______________

law of the state
state constitution
state
national
legislation

46

the chief lawyer, prosecutor, and defender of the state in court

attorney general

47

In every state, the ___________ and __________ are elected separately and may not be members of the same party

governor
lieutenant governor

48

A body of ___________ or ___________ is the lawmaking body that administers county government.
The _______________ is the head of that body and serves as the county's executive officer

county supervisors
commissioners
county judge

49

Counties are a product of a ____________, but the U.S. is becoming more __________

rural society
urbanized

50

Critics of the bicameral system believe the ___________ often obstructs the ____________

Senate will of the voters

51

A congressman elected by a _________________ district represents residents of his district, but one elected ______________ represents residents of his entire state

single-member
at-large

52

Congressional authority includes both ___________ and ______________

implied
enumerated powers

53

The ____________ of both houses of Congress is essential because of the number of bills introduced each year.

committee system

54

The Rules Committee determines the ____________

scheduling of bills