11.4 Developmental Research Designs Flashcards Preview

175.203 Psychological Research > 11.4 Developmental Research Designs > Flashcards

Flashcards in 11.4 Developmental Research Designs Deck (10):
0

Developmental psychologists often study the ways that individuals change as a function of ___.

age

1

In a study using a ____-____ method, persons of different ages as studied at only one point in time.

cross-sectional

2

In the ____ method, the same group of people is observed at different points in time as they grow older.

longitudinal

3

The cross-sectional method is much more common than the longitudinal method primarily because it is less ____ and immediately yields ____.

expensive, results

4

A ____ is a group of people born about the same time, exposed to the same events in a society, and influenced by the same demographic trends such as divorce rates and family size.

cohort

5

One disadvantage of a cross-sectional design is that the researcher must infer that differences among age groups are due to the ____ ____ of ___.

developmental variable of age

6

In a cross-sectional study, a difference among groups of different ages may reflect developmental age changes; however, the differences may result from ____ ____.

cohort effects

7

Longitudinal research is the best way to study how scores on a variable at one age are ____ to another variable at a later age.

related

8

Longitudinal studies have one major problem: over the course of a study, people may ____, ___, or ____ ____ in the study.

move, die, or lose interest

9

In the ____ ____, the first phase begins with a cross-sectional method; then the individuals are studied using a longitudinal method, with each individual tested at least one more time.

sequential method