Flashcards in 12 Deck (42):
three types of services are
consumer, public and businesses
to provide services to individual consumers who desire them and can afford to pay for them
what are the four main types of consumer services?
retail and wholesale/ education / health / and leisure
to facilitate the activities of other businesses
what are the three main business services?
professional services financial services transportation and information services
to provide security and protection for citizens and businesses
What is the fastest growing consumer service?
What is the fastest growing business service ?
which sector triggered the severe economic recession that began in 2008
What does the central place theory help?
to explain how the most profitable location can be identifies in the consumer service; was first proposed in the 1930w by Walter Christaller
a market center for the exchange of goods and services by people attracted from the surrounding area also centrally located to the maximize accessibility
the area surrounding a service from which customers are attracted is called
the market area or hinterland
what is range?
the maximum distance people are willing to travel for a service
what is a threshold
the minimum number of people needed to support the service
To determine the extent of market area geographers need two pieces of information about a service
range and its threshold
What is the primate city rule ?
the largest settlement has more than twice as many people are the second ranking settlement
Rural settlements can be two things. What are they?
clustered or dispersed
an agricultural- based community in which a number of families live in close proximity to each other with fields surrounding the collection of houses and farm buildings
clustered rural settlement New England colonies is an example
typical of the north american rural landscape, is characterized by farmers living on individual farms isolated from neighbors rather than alongside other farmers in settlements
dispersed rural settlement
Non new england colonies are an example
clustered rural settlements have two types
linear and circular
circular rural settlements are comprised of a
central open space surrounded by structures Germany and Africa (maasi)
Linear rural settlements are comprised of
buildings clustered along a road river or dike to facilitate communication (french)
What is the enclosure movement?
in great Britain between 1750 and 1850 the govt transformed the rural landscape by consolidating individually owned strips of land surrounding a village into single large farm owned by an individual. When necessary the government forced people to give up their former holdings
The most important political reason for the origin of settlements was a place to
protect the group's assets
The most significant benefit of the enclosure movement was to
promote agricultural efficiency
The plantation was a common form of rural settlement in which region of colonial America?
A place where farm buildings, homes, and churches are found close together is what kind of settlement?
A central place is a
Banking is an example of what kind of service?
producer or business
The area surrounding a service from which customers are attracted is the
The minimum number of people needed to support a service is
A market area is a good example of what kind of region? nodal
A primate city is
at least twice as large as the next smaller city
True or false
People who live in rural settlements are more likely to engage in secondary sector economic
false more inclined to engage in primary sector, such as agriculture.
true or false
Linear settlement patterns were brought to North America by the French.
Paris and London are primate cities even though they are located in more developed
countries. true or false
t or f
The colonial New England rural settlement pattern was clustered.
Cities grew rapidly in Europe after the collapse of the Roman Empire.
Residents of rural settlements are more likely than residents of urban settlements to work is
The hierarchical organization of settlements by size is known as the
rank size rule
If a country follows the rank-size rule, if the largest city has 1,000,000 inhabitants, how many people live in the fifth largest city?