12 Flashcards Preview

medical terminology > 12 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 12 Deck (87):
1

Orth/o

Straight

2

-pnea

Breathing

3

Trache/o

Trachea (windpipe)

4

Tonsill/o

Tonsil

5

Bronch/o

Bronchus

6

Spir/o

To breathe

7

Pector/o

Chest

8

Nas/o

Nose

9

Pleur/o

Pleura

10

Alveol/o

Alveolus

11

Mediastin/o

Mediastinum

12

Pneum/o

Lung/air

13

Thorac/o

Chest

14

-ptysis

Spitting

15

Pneumon/o

Lung/air

16

Rhin/o

Nose

17

Pulmon/o

Lung

18

Coni/o

Dust

19

Anthrac/o

Coal

20

Laryng/o

Larynx

21

Phren/o

Diaphragm/ mind

22

Asbest/o

Asbestos

23

Pharyng/o

Throat/pharynx

24

Cyan/o

Blue

25

Capn/o

Carbon dioxide

26

Bronchi/o

Bronchial tube

27

Lob/o

Lobe

28

Phon/o

Voice

29

Adenoid/o

Adenoid

30

Epiglott/o

Epiglottis

31

Ox/ o

Oxygen

32

Sinus/o

Sinus

33

Tel/ o

Complete

34

-ema

Condition

35

-osmia

Smell

36

-sphyxia

Pulse

37

-thorax

Pleural cavity/ chest

38

Auscultation

Listen

39

Percussion

Tapping

40

Pleural rub

Scratchy

41

Rales

Fine cracklings

42

Rhonchi

Loud rumbling

43

Sputum

Expelled material

44

Stridor

High pitched

45

Wheezes

Whistling

46

Croup

Children acute viral infect

47

Diphtheria

Throat/ URT infection

48

Epitaxis

Nosebleed

49

Pertussis

Whooping cough

50

Asthma

Chronic inflammation disorder

51

Bronchiectasis

Chronic dilation of a bronchus

52

Chronic bronchitis

Persistent inflammation of bronchi

53

Cystic fibrosis

Thick mucus in RT

54

Atelectasis

Collapsed lung

55

Emphysema

Hyperinflation of air sacs

56

Pneumoconiosis

Dust in lungs

57

Pneumonia

Acute inflammation filled with pus

58

Pulmonary abscess

Large collection of pus

59

Pulmonary edema

Fluid

60

Pulmonary embolism

Clot

61

Pulmonary fibrosis

Scar tissue

62

Sarcoidosis

Chronic inflammation disease/granulomas

63

TB

Infectious disease

64

mesothelioma

rare malignant tumor

65

pleural effusion

abnormal fluid accumulation

66

pleurisy

pleura inflammation

67

pneumothorax

collection of air

68

pleurodesis

cause irritation and scarring of pleura

69

anthracosis

coal dust accumulation

70

asbestos

particle accumulation

71

bacilli

rod shaped bacteria

72

chronic obstructive pulmon disease (COPD)

obstruction of air

73

cor pulmonale

failure to pump

74

exudates

ooze into lesions

75

hydrothorax

collection of fluid

76

infiltrate

material in lungs on xray

77

palliative

relieving but not curing

78

paroxysmal

sudden seizure

79

pulmonary infarction

death of lung tissue

80

purulent

containing pus

81

silicosis

disease due to silica or glass in lungs

82

positron emission tomography (PET)

glucose injected

83

ventilation-perfusion scan (V/Q)

records radioactivity after injection

84

bronchoscopy

exam bronchial tubes

85

laryngoscopy

exam voice box

86

mediastinoscopy

exam mediastinum

87

thoracentesis

remove fluid