13.1 Reducing Disorder by Confronting It: Psychotherapy Flashcards Preview

AP Psychology > 13.1 Reducing Disorder by Confronting It: Psychotherapy > Flashcards

Flashcards in 13.1 Reducing Disorder by Confronting It: Psychotherapy Deck (18):
1

psychological assessment

- an evaluation of the patient’s psychological and mental health

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psychotherapy

- the professional treatment for psychological disorder through techniques designed to encourage communication of conflicts and insight

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psychodynamic therapy (psychoanalysis)

- a psychological treatment based on Freudian and neo-Freudian personality theories in which the therapist helps the patient explore the unconscious dynamics of personality

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interpretation

- allowing the therapist to try to understand the underlying unconscious problems that are causing the symptoms

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free association

- therapist listens while the client talks about whatever comes to mind, without any censorship or filtering

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dream analysis

- analyze the symbolism of the dreams in an effort to probe the unconscious thoughts of the client and interpret their significance

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insight

- an understanding of the unconscious causes of the disorder

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resistance

- using defense mechanisms to avoid the painful feelings in his or her unconscious

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transference

- the patient unconsciously redirects feelings experienced in an important personal relationship toward the therapist

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humanistic therapy

- a psychological treatment based on the personality theories of Carl Rogers and other humanistic psychologists

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person-centered therapy (or client-centered therapy)

- an approach to treatment in which the client is helped to grow and develop as the therapist provides a comfortable, nonjudgmental environment

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Cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT)

- a structured approach to treatment that attempts to reduce psychological disorders through systematic procedures based on cognitive and behavioral principals

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behavioral therapy

- psychological treatment that is based on principles of learning

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exposure therapy

- a behavioral therapy based on the classical conditioning principle of extinction, in which people are confronted with a feared stimulus with the goal of decreasing their negative emotional responses to it

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systematic disensitization

- a behavioral treatment that combines imagining or experiencing the feared object or situation with relaxation exercises

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aversion therapy

- a type of behavior therapy in which positive punishment is used to reduce the frequency of an undesirable behavior

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cognitive therapy

- a psychological treatment that helps clients identify incorrect or distorted beliefs that are contributing to disorder

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eclectic therapy

- an approach to treatment in which the therapist uses whichever techniques seem most useful and relevant for a given patient

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