1.3.6 Compare & Contrast Behaviourist Flashcards Preview

A Level Psychology > 1.3.6 Compare & Contrast Behaviourist > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1.3.6 Compare & Contrast Behaviourist Deck (19):
1

Is the behaviourist approach psychological or biological?

Psychological

2

What is the key assumption of the behaviourist approach?

All behaviour is learnt from the environment after birth

3

What research methods are used in the behaviourist approach?

Experimental methods e.g lab experiments and controlled observations

4

Give an example of lab experiments in the behaviourist approach?

Pavlovs dogs
Skinners box

5

Give an example of a controlled observation in the behaviourist approach:

Little Albert

6

What is a real life application of the behaviourist approach?

Systematic desensitisation (therapy)
Token economy systems

7

What does the real life application systematic desensitisation do?

Works by the client learning to associate a phobic object with feelings of relaxation instead of fear or anxiety

8

What do token economy systems do as a real life application?

Positive reinforcement
Used in education/ prison/ mental institutions, desirable behaviour is rewarded with tokens which can then be swapped for something the person wants, so they repeat the desirable behaviour

9

Is the behaviourist approach nature or nurture?

Nurture

10

How is the behaviourist approach a nurture approach?

Behaviour is explained in terms of learnt responses

11

Is the behaviourist approach scientific or non scientific?

Scientific

12

How is the behaviourist approach scientific?

The study of observable behaviour

13

Is the behaviourist approach reductionist or holistic?

Reductionist

14

How is the behaviourist approach reductionist?

Behaviours such as phobias are reduced to environmental explanations such as simple learnt responses

15

Is the behaviourist approach a free will or deterministic approach?

Deterministic

16

What type of deterministic is it?

Environmentally deterministic

17

How is it environmentally deterministic?

Says you have no control over your behaviour it is purely the result of your environment

18

Is the behaviourist approach nomothetic or idiographic?

Nomothetic

19

How is the behaviourist approach nomothetic?

It looks to make generalisations about behaviour e.g everyone learns through conditioning

Decks in A Level Psychology Class (131):