Flashcards in 1.3.6 Compare & Contrast Behaviourist Deck (19):
Is the behaviourist approach psychological or biological?
What is the key assumption of the behaviourist approach?
All behaviour is learnt from the environment after birth
What research methods are used in the behaviourist approach?
Experimental methods e.g lab experiments and controlled observations
Give an example of lab experiments in the behaviourist approach?
Give an example of a controlled observation in the behaviourist approach:
What is a real life application of the behaviourist approach?
Systematic desensitisation (therapy)
Token economy systems
What does the real life application systematic desensitisation do?
Works by the client learning to associate a phobic object with feelings of relaxation instead of fear or anxiety
What do token economy systems do as a real life application?
Used in education/ prison/ mental institutions, desirable behaviour is rewarded with tokens which can then be swapped for something the person wants, so they repeat the desirable behaviour
Is the behaviourist approach nature or nurture?
How is the behaviourist approach a nurture approach?
Behaviour is explained in terms of learnt responses
Is the behaviourist approach scientific or non scientific?
How is the behaviourist approach scientific?
The study of observable behaviour
Is the behaviourist approach reductionist or holistic?
How is the behaviourist approach reductionist?
Behaviours such as phobias are reduced to environmental explanations such as simple learnt responses
Is the behaviourist approach a free will or deterministic approach?
What type of deterministic is it?
How is it environmentally deterministic?
Says you have no control over your behaviour it is purely the result of your environment
Is the behaviourist approach nomothetic or idiographic?