14. Family Code and Juvenile Issues Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 14. Family Code and Juvenile Issues Deck (36):
0

The adult with whom the child resides.

Custodian

1

The person who, under court order is the guardian of the person or of the child, or is the public place with whom the child has been placed.

Guardian

2

The mother or father of the child but does not include a parent whose parental rights have been terminated.

Parent

3

In FC Juvenile Code, a child is from what age to what age?

10-16

4

A child violates a Penal law of this state or of the United States punishable by imprisonment or by confinement in jail.

Delinquent Conduct

5

A child violates a penal law of this state of the grade of misdemeanor that are punishable by fine only.

Conduct Indicating a Need for Supervision

6

Age of responsibility for murder.

10+

7

Age of responsibility for Aggravated Controlled Substance Felony or F1.

14+

8

When would a Juvenile Court wave jurisdiction?

Felony grade offenses

9

Subject to jurisdiction of a court under abuse, dependency, or neglect statutes for reasons other than legally prohibited conduct of the child.

Nonoffender

10

When using children's fingerprint cards and photographs, what needs to happen after you are done?

Must be immediately destroyed

11

How long can you keep a child in a temporary detention center?

6 hours

12

The state, a child who is the subject of proceedings under this subtitle, or the child's parents, spouse, guardian, or guardian ad litem.

Party

13

Conduct violating a penal law of the grade of felony , other than a state jail felony.

Habitual Felony Conduct

14

A child may be released to the child's __________.

Parent, guardian, custodian, or other responsible adult

15

Factors affecting youth encounters with police:

*Need for independence
*Rebellion against authority
*Peer pressure

16

Problems associated with juvenile gang activities:

*Conditions for juvenile gang existence
*Name/identification of leadership
*Geographic turf
*Weapon and drug involvement
*Delinquent activity

17

Needs met by gangs for juveniles:

*Status
*Self-worth/esteem
*Acceptance
*Fun/excitement/risk
*Credibility/notoriety
*Protection
*Recognition of identity
*Bonding
*Substitution for boredom
*Obtain wealth and materialism
*Survival

18

Three phases of gang involvement:

*Minor mischief
*Seeking identity
*Drive-by shootings, drugs, killings

19

Underlying societal strains that give rise to gangs:

*High unemployment
*Lack of primary groups for bonding
*Atmosphere of discrimination/abuse/criticism
*Community seen as uncaring
*Youth's lack of self control development and respect for self and others
*Environment that uses intimidation and aggression to solve problems
*Illegal activity is profitable

20

County attorney, district attorney, or other attorney who regularly serves in persecutory capacity in a juvenile court.

Prosecuting attorney

21

Referral of a child or a child's case to the office or official, including and intake officer or probation officer, designated by the juvenile board to process children within the juvenile justice system.

Referral to juvenile court

22

Any public or private residential facility, including an alcohol or other drug treatment facility that is used for the placement of any juvenile who has been adjudicated as having committed an offense, any nonoffender, or any other individual convicted of a criminal offense.

Secure correctional facility

23

Any public or private residential facility that is used for the temporary placement of any juvenile who is accused of having committed an offense, any nonoffender, or any other individual accused of having committed a criminal offense.

Secure detention facility

24

A child who is accused, adjudicated, or convicted for conduct that would not, under state law, be a crime if committed by an adult.

Status offender

25

A waiver of rights is made by the ________ and the ________; the waiver is made in ________ or in court proceedings that are recorded.

*Child
*Attorney for the child
*Writing

26

A child may be detained only in a:

*Juvenile processing office
*Place of nonsecure custody
*Certified juvenile detention facility
*Secure detention facility
*County jail or other facility (not with adult offenders)
*Nonsecure correctional facility

27

A law enforcement agency shall forward information, including fingerprints, relating to a child who has been taken into custody and referred to juvenile court before the __ day.

10th

28

A law enforcement agency shall hold records of a child who has been taken into custody and is placed in the first offender program for __ days while in the program and destroy information within __days after completing the program.

90-90

29

The statement of a child is ________ in evidence in any future proceeding concerning the matter about which statement was given.

Admissable

30

A child's statement must be signed in the presence of a ________ by the child with no ________ or ________ present.

*Magistrate
*Law enforcement officer
*Prosecuting attorney

31

It shall be the duty of the law enforcement officer who has taken a child ________ to transport the child to the appropriate _______ or to the ________ to which the child is assigned if the child is not released to the parent, guardian, or custodian of the child.

*Into custody
*Detention facility
*School campus

32

A child may not be ________ or ________ without the consent of the juvenile court unless;

-taken into custody or referred to the juvenile court, for conduct that constitutes a felony or a misdemeanor punishable by confinement or jail.

*Fingerprinted
*Photographed

33

A violation of a penal statute recognized in transportation code is the same as an adult, regardless of being a child.

Traffic offense

34

10 or more days within a six-month period, or; on three or more days within a four-week period from school.

Truancy

35

A place where the child lives or resides for a period of at least 30 days.

Residence