14: The Last Great Nomadic Challenges: From Chinggis Khan to Timur Flashcards Preview

AP World History > 14: The Last Great Nomadic Challenges: From Chinggis Khan to Timur > Flashcards

Flashcards in 14: The Last Great Nomadic Challenges: From Chinggis Khan to Timur Deck (20):
1

kurltai

-Meeting of all Mongol chieftains at which the supreme ruler of all tribes were selected.
-Supreme Mongol ruler selected.

2

khagan

-Title of the supreme ruler of all the Mongol tribes.
-Supreme ruler of all the Mongol tribes.

3

tumens

-Basic fighting units of Mongol forces; consisted of 10,000 cavalrymen divided into unites of 1000, 100, and 10.
-Fighting unit of militaristic Mongols.

4

Karakorum

-Capital of the Mongol Empire under Chinggis Khan, 1162 to 1227.
-Mongol capital.

5

Batu

-Ruler of Golden Horde; one of Chinggis Kan;s grandsons; responsible for invasion of Russia beginning in 1236.
-Responsible for invasion of Russia

6

Ogedei

-Third son of Chinggis Khan; succeeded Chinggis Khan as khagan of the Mongols following his father's death.
-Chinggis Khan's successor.

7

Golden Horde

-One of the 4 subdivisions of the Mongol Empire after Chinggis Khan's death, originally ruled by his grandson Batu; territory covered much of what is today south central Russia
-Subdivision of Mongol empire.

8

khanates

-Four regional Mongol kingdoms that arose following the death of Chinggis Khan.
-Divided Mongol empire.

9

Battle of Kulikova

-Russia army victory over the forces of the Golden Horde, helped break Mongol forces over Russia.
-Helped break Mongol forces over Russia.

10

Prester, John

-In legends popular from 12th century to 17th century, a mythical Christian monarch whose kingdom was cut off from Europe by Muslim conquests; Chinggis Khan was originally believed to be this mythical ruler.
-Slowed European realization of magnitude of Mongol's attack.

11

Baibars

-Commander of Mamluk forces at Ain Jalut in 1260;originally enslaved by Mongols and sold to Egyptians.
-Commander of Mamluk forces at Ain Jalut.

12

Berke

-A ruler to the Golden Horde; converted to Islam; his threat to Hulegu combined with the growing power of Mamluks in Egypt forestalled further Mongol conquests in the Middle East.
-Forestalled further Mongol conquests in the Middle East.

13

Kublai Khan

-Grandson of Chinggis Khan; commander of Mongol forces responsible for conquest of Chinal became khagan in 1260; established Sinicized Mongol Yuan dynasty in China in 1271.
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14

Dadu

-Present-day Beijing; so-called when Kublai Khan ruled China.

15

Chabi

-Influential wide of Kublai Khan; promoted interests if Buddhists in China; indicative of refusal of Mongol women to adopt restrictive social conventions of Chinese; died c. 1281.
-Refusal of Mongol women to adopt restrictive social conventions of Chinese.

16

Romance of the West Chamber

-Chinese novel written during the Yuan period; indicative of the continued literacy of China during Mongol rule.
-Continued literacy of China during Mongol rule.

17

White Lotus Society

-Secret religious society dedicated to overthrow of Yuan dynasty in China; typical of peasant resistance to Mongol rule.
-Weakened Mongol rule?

18

Yuanzhang, Zhu

-The given name of the Hongqu emperor, the founder of the Ming dynasty.
-Founder of Ming.

19

Ming dynasty

-Succeeded Mongol Yuan dynasty in China in 1268; lasted until 1644; initially mounted huge trade expeditions to southern Asia and elsewhere, but later concentrated efforts on internal development in China.
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20

Timur i-Lang

-Also known as Tammerlane; leader of Turkic nomads; beginning in 1360s from base at Samarkand, launched series of attacks in Persia, the Fertile Crescent, India, and southern Russia; empire disintegrated after his death in 1405.
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