14.1 Social Cognition: Making Sense of Ourselvesand Others Flashcards Preview

AP Psychology > 14.1 Social Cognition: Making Sense of Ourselvesand Others > Flashcards

Flashcards in 14.1 Social Cognition: Making Sense of Ourselvesand Others Deck (14):
1

social psychology

- the scientific study of how we feel about, think about, and behave toward the other people around us, and how those people influence our thoughts, feelings, and behavior

2

stereotyping

- the tendency to attribute personality characteristics to people on the basis of their external appearance or their social group memberships

3

prejudice

- the tendency to dislike people because of their appearance or group memberships

4

discrimination

- negative behaviors toward others based on prejudice

5

self-fulfilling prophecy

- when our expectations about the personality characteristics of others lead us to behave toward those others in ways that make those beliefs come true

6

social identity

- the positive emotions that we experience as a result of our group memberships

7

close relationship

- the long-term intimate and romantic relationships that we develop with another person—for instance, in a marriage

8

mere exposure

- the tendency to prefer stimuli (including but not limited to people) that we have seen more frequently

9

casual attribution

- the process of trying to determine the causes of people’s behavior, with the goal of learning about their personalities

10

fundamental attribution error (or correspondance bias)

- the common tendency to overestimate the role of person factors and overlook the impact of situations in judging others

11

attitude

- our relatively enduring evaluations of people and things

12

self-monitoring

- the tendency to regulate behavior to meet the demands of social situations

13

self-perception

- when we use our own behavior as a guide to help us determine our own thoughts and feelings

14

cognitive dissonance

- the discomfort we experience when we choose to behave in ways that we see as inappropriate

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