Flashcards in 14_ Hip and Knee Mechanics Deck (20):
Anterior hip pain is most likely caused by what structure?
labrum Somatic dysfunction
Lateral hip pain is most likely caused by what structure?
posterior hip pain is most likely due to what?
Boundaries of femoral triangle?
sartorius, adductor longus, inguinal ligament
Any somatic dysfunction of the femoral triangle can be due to what?
somatic dysfunciton of lumbar spine, innominates, sacrum and lower extremities
Where does the majority of the lymph travel from lower extremity?
through superficial and deep inguinal Nodes to the thoracic duct.
Where are cell bodies of pre-ganglionic neruons located, for the lower extremity?
What are the external rotators of the hip?
piriformis, gemellus superior, gemellus inferior, obturator internus, obturator externus, quadratus femoris
What are the internal hip rotators?
gluteus minimus, gluteus medius, tensor fascia lata
What is the function of the acetabular labrum?
1. stabilize hip.
2. proprioception of hip motion
3. fibrocartilaginous rim
Signs and symptoms of torn acetabular labrum are?
1. sharp, deep pain with anterior thigh/groin
2. worseneing pain with standing
3. clicking with motion
What are the relationship between glide and rotation of hip?
1. anterior glide with external rotation.
2. posterior glide with medial rotation
What are the flexors of the hip?
psoas major, iliacus, pectineus, rectus femoris, sartorius
What are the extensors of the hip?
gluteus maximus, semimembranosus, semitendinosus, biceps femoris
What are the abductors of hip?
gliteus medius, gliteus minimus, tensor fascia lata, sartorius
What are manifestations of chronic dysfunction of the tensor fascia lata?
knee pain (fibular head), butt pain, burning feeling in lateral upper thigh
What are the adductors of the thigh?
adductor longus, adductor magnus, adductor brevis, obturator externus, gracilis
What are the internal rotators of the hip joints/
tensor fascia lata, gluteus medius, gluteus minimus
REgarding the knee, what is the "terrible triad"?
anterior cruciate ligament, medial collateral ligament, medial meniscus