14_ Hip and Knee Mechanics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 14_ Hip and Knee Mechanics Deck (20):
1

Anterior hip pain is most likely caused by what structure?

labrum Somatic dysfunction

2

Lateral hip pain is most likely caused by what structure?

muscular

3

posterior hip pain is most likely due to what?

SI/lumbar dysfunction

4

Boundaries of femoral triangle?

sartorius, adductor longus, inguinal ligament

5

Any somatic dysfunction of the femoral triangle can be due to what?

somatic dysfunciton of lumbar spine, innominates, sacrum and lower extremities

6

Where does the majority of the lymph travel from lower extremity?

through superficial and deep inguinal Nodes to the thoracic duct.

7

Where are cell bodies of pre-ganglionic neruons located, for the lower extremity?

T10-L3

8

What are the external rotators of the hip?

piriformis, gemellus superior, gemellus inferior, obturator internus, obturator externus, quadratus femoris

9

What are the internal hip rotators?

gluteus minimus, gluteus medius, tensor fascia lata

10

What is the function of the acetabular labrum?

1. stabilize hip.
2. proprioception of hip motion
3. fibrocartilaginous rim

11

Signs and symptoms of torn acetabular labrum are?

1. sharp, deep pain with anterior thigh/groin
2. worseneing pain with standing
3. clicking with motion

12

What are the relationship between glide and rotation of hip?

1. anterior glide with external rotation.

2. posterior glide with medial rotation

13

What are the flexors of the hip?

psoas major, iliacus, pectineus, rectus femoris, sartorius

14

What are the extensors of the hip?

gluteus maximus, semimembranosus, semitendinosus, biceps femoris

15

What are the abductors of hip?

gliteus medius, gliteus minimus, tensor fascia lata, sartorius

16

What are manifestations of chronic dysfunction of the tensor fascia lata?

knee pain (fibular head), butt pain, burning feeling in lateral upper thigh

17

What are the adductors of the thigh?

adductor longus, adductor magnus, adductor brevis, obturator externus, gracilis

18

What are the internal rotators of the hip joints/

tensor fascia lata, gluteus medius, gluteus minimus

19

REgarding the knee, what is the "terrible triad"?

anterior cruciate ligament, medial collateral ligament, medial meniscus

20

What are the return to sports criteria?

full painless ROM, 90% uninjured side strength equivalent, tolerate work without increasing symptoms