I ask; I question
I live, am alive (sometimes deponent in the future)
I look at, gaze
I exhort; I comfort, console (Paraclete)
I worship, bow before
I pass by, depart
ἄρχων, ἄρχοντος, ὁ
“for this reason”
I stir up; cause distress
Recite Future Passive Indicative Paradigm
Recite First Aorist Passive Indicative Paradigm
How do you get middle/passive verb meanings?
By using deponent endings in -ω verbs
Where is the difference between deponent and middle/passive paradigms?
In Future and First Aorists.
Present, Imperfect and Perfect paradigms are used by both deponent and middle/passive forms.
What distinguishes the Future Passive Indicative forms?
The -θησ- formation added at the end of the stem.
Endings are deponent.
What distinguishes the First Aorist Passive Indicative form?
1. An augment
2. A stem with theta-eta (θη) appended
3. Secondary ending elements
In middle/passive aorist -ζω type verbs, what replaces the ζ?
εβαπτισθην "I was baptized"
What happens with Contract verbs in the First Aorist Passive forms?
They lengthen the contract vowel.
εποιηθη "it was done"
What about Second Aorist middle/passives?
They are not many. The ones that exist are similar to the First Aorist but they drop the stem's theta. (-θ-)
What is the difference between transitive verbs and intransitive verbs?
A transitive verb is completed by a direct object
"The children play a game"
An intransitive verb places the subject as performing and receiving the action.
"The children play."
What is a stative verb and how is it conveyed in greek?
Verbs that communicate a state of being.
Sometimes they are conveyed by a simple verb.
ζω "I am alive"
What verbs besides ειμι have the same meaning of existence?
Who receives the action of the passive verb?
The subject (in the nominative case)
Which preposition is used when the object of the passive verb is expressed?
υπο + gen.
"... by the Lord"
How can you tell the difference between the middle/passive voice if they are identical with the deponents?
If the lexical form ends with -ω, then it is middle/passive.
If the lexical form ends with -ομαι then it is deponent.