1.5.6 Compare & Contrast Positive Flashcards Preview

A Level Psychology > 1.5.6 Compare & Contrast Positive > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1.5.6 Compare & Contrast Positive Deck (18):
1

Is the positive approach biological or psychological?

Psychological

2

What is the key assumption of the positive approach?

The positive approach focuses on the positive aspects of human nature and how they can be nurtured

3

What research methods are used in the positive approach?

Literature reviews
Correlation
Observation
Self report

4

Give an example of a literature review in the positive approach?

Myers and diener who is happy research

5

Give an example of correlation in the positive approach?

Happiness and age

6

What is a real life application of the positive approach?

Mindfulness
PCC

7

What is mindfulness?

Therapy that works by paying attention in a particular way on purpose in the present moment and non judgementally
Creates conditions for contentment

8

What is pcc?

Positive psychology curriculum
Encourages mindfulness in schools e.g through mediation assemblies, helping pupils manage stress well and be happier and more motivated

9

Is the positive approach nature, nurture or interactionist?

Interactionist

10

How is the approach interactionist?

Happiness not the result of good genes
Happiness is the result of working on strengths (nurture)
Happiness can be affected by nationality (nature)

11

Is the positive approach scientific or non scientific?

Non scientific

12

How is the positive approach non scientific?

Correlations - unable to establish cause and effect relationship
Self reports are non scientific

13

Is the approach reductionist or holistic?

Holistic

14

How is the approach holistic?

Looks at everything in an individual's life to give a complete explanation of behaviour and happiness

15

Is the positive approach free will or deterministic?

Free will

16

How is the positive approach free will?

Happiness is the result of recognising our own strengths and developing them
Humans have free will and are in charge of their behaviour

17

Is the positive approach nomothetic or idiographic?

Idiographic

18

How is the positive approach idiographic?

Looks to explain behaviour on an individual level

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