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Flashcards in 15th Century Deck (101)
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1

What are three important practices in organa quadruplm.

Voice crossing, voice exchange and cross relations.

2

Guillaume de Machaut adds what to the mass in his mass de Notre Dame?

Polyphony to the entire mass.

3

What are the two types of modal notation?

Notatio sine litteris (without text) found in organa, and notatio cum litteris( with text) with rhythm dictated by text.

4

Label designations for these values.
BL
LL
BB
LB
SS

BL= cum proprietate et cum perfection
LL=sine cum
BB=Cum sine
LB= sine sine.

5

Label shape for these values.
BL
LL
BB
LB

To me
1)Longa and Breve
2)Breve Breve
3)Ligature
4)Ligature with no stem

6

Who created circle and half circle/ dot without dot notation?

De Vitry

7

What is the punctus alteratious?

Dot of addition. Changing note value usually a half or a third.

8

What is the line of separation between units of music called during the Renaissance.

Tactus

9

How is syncopation indicated?

Two dots beside a note.

10

Opponent to the the Ars nova and supporter of the Ars antique was who? And created for Italian notation.

Jacques de Liege of Flemish.

11

What did Jacques de Liege complain about?

Duple was just as perfect as triple was and the imperfect consonance used in music.

12

Circle stands for what in Italian notation?

Octonaria.

13

What are the three types of metre in Italian notation and what do they have in common?

Quaternaria 4
Octonaia 8
Duodenaria 12

They all embody four. (all are even)

14

What is the Chansonier cordiforme?

Heart shaped manuscript of manual notation.

15

What is the difference between French and Italian notation.

French:
Ars Nova
Philipe De Vitry
Absolute (mensuration system)
Monophony and polyphony therefore works
Italian:
Trecento 14th cent only.
Jacque de Leige polyphony is questionable
Contextual (no mensuration )

16

Who is John Dustable?

Most important English composer of polyphony.

17

what two principal textures exist in the fifteenth century?

imitative counterpoint and homophony.

18

What is the Renaissance?

French for rebirth(particularly in music), it was was a period of art, culture and music history between the Middle Ages and the baroque period. New ideas.

19

Who is Guillaume Du Fay?

Leading and most important composer of the 15th cent.

20

Do the three fix forms change in the 15th cent?

No, it continued throughout the 15th cent.

21

Do the Italian genre change in the 15th century?

Yes, they disappear till the 16th cent.

22

Masses are based on what voice?

Cantus Firmus. They are tied to a particular monastery.

23

When a cantus firmus does not appear in a mass what is it called?

Miss sine nominee.

24

What were the two types of cantus firmus written in the 15th cent.

Secular and sacred.

25

When did the way a secular cantus firmus change and who changed it?

Council of Trent 1540 (16th cent) by Palestrina.

26

Guillaume Du Fay used the notation practice of who?

Phillpe de Vitry mensuration system.

27

What new technology emerged in the 15th cent?

The printing press.

28

What is imitative counterpoint?

Is a contrapuntal texture marked by imitation between voices.

29

How did Italy begin to emerge as a dominant musical culture in the 15th cent?

Through rich economics and trade.

30

How did French and later the Italians foster the education of young musicians?

By maintaining chapels of talented sings and ensembles of gifted instruments.