17 absolutism in central/ eastern europe KEY TERMS Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 17 absolutism in central/ eastern europe KEY TERMS Deck (30):
1

1555

peace of augsburg

2

edict of nantes

established freedom for Huguenots to practice their religion in public though France was primarily Catholic

3

Table of Ranks

determines your social status and how much you are payed according to how many years you worked; created by Peter the Great to control nobility power

4

Jacques Bossuet

his philosophy of absolutism was to rule for God, not for the people. Divine Right of Kings was popular belief in 17th century

5

Peace of WEstphalia

ended the 30 years war, protestantism was embraced and tolerated, European countries stopped trying to spread Catholicism in Europe

6

Cardinal Richelieu

French monarch that starts to gain power back from nobility and laid the foundation for absolutism

7

Hohenzollerns

Germany royal family who ruled Brandenburg and later controlled Prussia; under Frederick 1, the family united Kingdom of Prussia

8

intendant system

French royal officials supervised the bureaucracy. They played key role in establishing French absolutism

9

Junkers

German nobility, popular in Prussia because they were conservative and supported monarch/military tradition

10

Pragmatic sanction act 1713

from Charles VI stating Hapsburg possessions to not be divided so his daughter could rule

11

Gustavus Adolphus

king of Sweden, laid the foundations of modern Swedish state and made it a European power; involved in 30 years war and got major victories for protestants

12

old believers

group of Russian religious dissenters that refused to adopt the mid 17th century Church reform

13

Charles I of England

King of Great Britain and Ireland who's actions led to a civil war and tried for treason/beheaded in 1649, power struggles from him resulted in English Civil Ear

14

William and Mary of ORange

William of Orange fought mostly Louis and eventually became King of England and the Dutch republic simultaneously

15

"The Soldiers King"

Frederick William I who was most talented reformer produced by Hohenzollern family; under his rule Prussia had best army in Europe for its size and became a model military state

16

Battle of Mohács 1526

ottoman victory which enabled the Turks to add Hungary to their expanding empire

17

elector of Brandenburg

area around Berlin; the elector had the right to help choose the HR emperor, which bestowed prestige, but had no military strength

18

Mongol Yoke

period which the mongols ruled the eastern Slavs for more than 200 years

19

boyars

highest ranking nobles in Russia

20

Cossacks

Ivan's army

21

Peter the Great

ruler of Russia, believed westernizing the country= successful (1672-1725)

22

SOS of Peter the Great

created strong navy, Table of Ranks, westernized Russia by changing boyar's appearance, built St Petersburg

23

Charles VI

1711-1740 created pragmatic sanction, was king of France under House of Habsburg and spent most of his reign trying to get Prag Sanction accepted

24

Vasco de Gama

famous explorer who commanded the first European ship and made to southern tip of Africa to reach India with the help of an Indian guide

25

Philip II

son of Isabella and Charles V from HR Empire. King of Spain and Austria; his reign began the Golden age and married Mary Tudor of England

26

Golden age

a period of great cultural growth in the arts, literature, and music

27

Colbert

goal was economic self sufficiency for France by encouraging foreign craftsmen to immigrate to France, enacted high tariffs, created industries in textiles

28

Henry IV

laid foundations for growth of French power, turned from calvinist to catholicism and 1598 issued Edict of Nantes; founder of bourbon dynasty and lowered taxes on peasants

29

individual in society: Hürrem

fg

30

millet system

created powerful bond between the Ottoman ruling class and different religious leaders