1.8 - Equality and Guru Nanak Flashcards Preview

GCSE R.E. Sikhism > 1.8 - Equality and Guru Nanak > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1.8 - Equality and Guru Nanak Deck (41):
1

Langar

Langar is:
1. Guru's kitchen, or the free kitchen that is in each gurudwara
Or,
2. The food that is served in the kitchen

2

Who was the founder of the Sikh faith?

Guru Nanak was the founder of the Sikh faith

3

Guru Nanak was the founder of the Sikh faith.
He was born when?

Guru Nanak was born in April 1469 CE

4

Guru Nanak was the founder of the Sikh faith.
He was born in April 1469 CE, where?

Guru Nanak was born in April 1469 CE, in Talwandi, a village in the Punjab, but now in Pakistan

5

Guru Nanak was the founder of the Sikh faith.
He was born in April 1469 CE, in Talwandi, a village in the Punjab, but not in Pakistan.
Noone is sure what he looked like, but Sikhs use paintings of the Guru to represent him and his message.
His family were what?

Guru Nanak's family were Hindus

6

Guru Nanak was the founder of the Sikh faith.
He was born in April 1469 CE, in Talwandi, a village in the Punjab, but not in Pakistan.
His family were Hindus, but when he was about 13 years old, he did what?

Guru Nanak's family were Hindus, but when he was about 13 years old, he rejected the sacred threat ceremony that Hindu boys often take part in when being initiated into the Hindu faith

7

Guru Nanak was the founder of the Sikh faith.
He was born in April 1469 CE, in Talwandi, a village in the Punjab, but not in Pakistan.
His family were Hindus, but when he was about 13 years old, he rejected the sacred threat ceremony that Hindu boys often take part in when being initiated into the Hindu faith.
His father was a what?

Guru Nanak's father was an accountant

8

Guru Nanak was the founder of the Sikh faith.
He was born in April 1469 CE, in Talwandi, a village in the Punjab, but not in Pakistan.
His family were Hindus, but when he was about 13 years old, he rejected the sacred threat ceremony that Hindu boys often take part in when being initiated into the Hindu faith.
His father was an accountant and worked for who?

Guru Nanak's father:
1. Was an accountant
2. Worked for the local government run by Muslims

9

Guru Nanak was the founder of the Sikh faith.
He was born in April 1469 CE, in Talwandi, a village in the Punjab, but not in Pakistan.
His father was an accountant and worked for the local government run by Muslims.
As a child, Guru Nanak what?

As a child, Guru Nanak:
1. Was well educated
2. Learnt Arabic and Persian

10

Guru Nanak was the founder of the Sikh faith.
He was born in April 1469 CE, in Talwandi, a village in the Punjab, but not in Pakistan.
His father was an accountant and worked for the local government run by Muslims.
As a child, Guru Nanak was well educated and learnt Arabic and Persian.
He had both what friends?

Guru Nanak had both:
1. Muslim
2. Hindu
friends

11

Guru Nanak was the founder of the Sikh faith.
He was born in April 1469 CE, in Talwandi, a village in the Punjab, but not in Pakistan.
His father was an accountant and worked for the local government run by Muslims.
As a child, Guru Nanak was well educated and learnt Arabic and Persian.
He had both Muslim and Hindu friends.
He married while still a what?

Guru Nanak married while still a teenager

12

Guru Nanak was the founder of the Sikh faith.
He was born in April 1469 CE, in Talwandi, a village in the Punjab, but not in Pakistan.
His father was an accountant and worked for the local government run by Muslims.
As a child, Guru Nanak was well educated and learnt Arabic and Persian.
He had both Muslim and Hindu friends.
He married while still a teenager and later had what?

Guru Nanak:
1. Married while still a teenager
2. Later had 2 sons

13

Guru Nanak was the founder of the Sikh faith.
He was born in April 1469 CE, in Talwandi, a village in the Punjab, but not in Pakistan.
As a child, Guru Nanak was well educated and learnt Arabic and Persian.
He had both Muslim and Hindu friends.
He married while still a teenager and later had 2 sons.
He worked as a what for some time?

Guru Nanak worked as a storekeeper for some time

14

Guru Nanak was the founder of the Sikh faith.
He was born in April 1469 CE, in Talwandi, a village in the Punjab, but not in Pakistan.
As a child, Guru Nanak was well educated and learnt Arabic and Persian.
He had both Muslim and Hindu friends.
He married while still a teenager and later had 2 sons.
He worked as a storekeeper for some time, but early in the mornings and in the evenings he could be found doing what?

Guru Nanak worked as a storekeeper for some time, but early in the mornings and in the evenings he could be found:
1. Meditating
2. Singing

15

Guru Nanak was the founder of the Sikh faith.
He was born in April 1469 CE, in Talwandi, a village in the Punjab, but not in Pakistan.
As a child, Guru Nanak was well educated and learnt Arabic and Persian.
He had both Muslim and Hindu friends.
He married while still a teenager and later had 2 sons.
He worked as a storekeeper for some time, but early in the mornings and in the evenings he could be found meditating and singing, accompanied by who?

Guru Nanak worked as a storekeeper for some time, but early in the mornings and in the evenings he could be found:
1. Meditating
2. Singing
,accompanied by his Muslim friend, Mardana

16

One day Guru Nanak went down to wash at the river Bain as usual, but did not what?

One day Guru Nanak went down to wash at the river Bain as usual, but did not return

17

One day Guru Nanak went down to wash at the river Bain as usual, but did not return.
His clothes were where?

Guru Nanak's clothes were still by the bank

18

One day Guru Nanak went down to wash at the river Bain as usual, but did not return.
His clothes were still by the bank.
3 days later, what happened?

3 days later, Guru Nanak reappeared at the same spot, but at first:
1. Seemed to be in a trance
2. Was silent

19

One day Guru Nanak went down to wash at the river Bain as usual, but did not return.
His clothes were still by the bank.
3 days later, Guru Nanak reappeared at the same spot, but at first seemed to be in a trance and was silent.
Later, he told people that he had had a what?

Later, Guru Nanak told people that he had had a vision

20

One day Guru Nanak went down to wash at the river Bain as usual, but did not return.
His clothes were still by the bank.
3 days later, Guru Nanak reappeared at the same spot, but at first seemed to be in a trance and was silent.
Later, he told people that he had had a vision.
He had been where?

Guru Nanak had been to God's court

21

One day Guru Nanak went down to wash at the river Bain as usual, but did not return.
His clothes were still by the bank.
3 days later, Guru Nanak reappeared at the same spot, but at first seemed to be in a trance and was silent.
Later, he told people that he had had a vision.
He had been to God's court.
This experience is described in the Guru Granth Sahib:
''My Lord and Master has …
The Guru Granth Sahib 150

''My Lord and Master has summoned me, His minstrel, to the True Mansion of His Presence.
He has dressed me in the robes of His True Praise and Glory.
The Ambrosial Nectar of the True Name has become my food,''
The Guru Granth Sahib 150

22

One day Guru Nanak went down to wash at the river Bain as usual, but did not return.
His clothes were still by the bank.
3 days later, Guru Nanak reappeared at the same spot, but at first seemed to be in a trance and was silent.
Later, he told people that he had had a vision.
He had been to God's court.
He was what?

Guru Nanak was changed

23

One day Guru Nanak went down to wash at the river Bain as usual, but did not return.
His clothes were still by the bank.
3 days later, Guru Nanak reappeared at the same spot, but at first seemed to be in a trance and was silent.
Later, he told people that he had had a vision.
He had been to God's court.
He was changed.
He gave up what?

Guru Nanak gave up his job

24

One day Guru Nanak went down to wash at the river Bain as usual, but did not return.
His clothes were still by the bank.
3 days later, Guru Nanak reappeared at the same spot, but at first seemed to be in a trance and was silent.
Later, he told people that he had had a vision.
He had been to God's court.
He was changed.
He gave up his job and gave all his belongings to who?

Guru Nanak gave:
1. Up his job
2. All his belongings to the poor

25

One day Guru Nanak went down to wash at the river Bain as usual, but did not return.
His clothes were still by the bank.
3 days later, Guru Nanak reappeared at the same spot, but at first seemed to be in a trance and was silent.
Later, he told people that he had had a vision.
He had been to God's court.
He was changed.
He gave up his job and gave all his belongings to the poor.
He believed that all religious people were searching for the same God, whose name was what?

Guru Nanak believed that all religious people were searching for the same God, whose name was Truth

26

Guru Nanak is said to have travelled widely across where?

Guru Nanak is said to have travelled widely across:
1. India
2. The Middle East

27

Guru Nanak is said to have travelled widely across India and the Middle East, including visits to where?

Guru Nanak is said to have travelled widely across India and the Middle East, including visits to:
1. Sri Lanka
2. Makkah
3. Baghdad

28

Guru Nanak is said to have travelled widely across India and the Middle East, including visits to Sri Lanka, Makkah and Baghdad.
He always did what?

Guru Nanak always showed great respect to those who held different religious beliefs

29

Guru Nanak is said to have travelled widely across India and the Middle East, including visits to Sri Lanka, Makkah and Baghdad.
He always showed great respect to those who held different religious beliefs and spent time doing what?

Guru Nanak:
1. Always showed great respect to those who held different religious beliefs
2. Spent time teaching about God

30

Guru Nanak believed in the equality of man and woman.
He taught that all humanity, created by God, was equal in value.
He respected both men and women and believed that they could take an equal share in worship and within the Sikh community.
In the time of Guru Nanak, women what?

In the time of Guru Nanak, women:
1. Were often treated less favourably than men
2. Played a very small part in religious and social life

31

Guru Nanak believed in the equality of man and woman.
He taught that all humanity, created by God, was equal in value.
He respected both men and women and believed that they could take an equal share in worship and within the Sikh community.
In the time of Guru Nanak, women were often treated less favourable than men and played a very small part in religious and social life.
Guru Nanak believed in the equality of all and wanted to change this.
''From woman, man is …
The Guru Granth Sahib 473

''From woman, an is born; within woman, man is conceived; to woman he is engaged and married.
When his woman dies, he seeks another woman; to woman he is bound.
So why call her bad?
From her, kinds are born.
From woman, woman is born; without woman, there would be noone at all,''
The Guru Granth Sahib 473

32

In about what year, Guru Nanak settled in Kartapur?

In about 1520, Guru Nanak settled in Kartapur

33

In about 1520, Guru Nanak settled in Kartapur and this new town became a what?

In about 1520, Guru Nanak settled in Kartapur and this new town became a Sikh community

34

In about 1520, Guru Nanak settled in Kartapur and this new town became a Sikh community, working, praying and learning together.
He had been concerned about the what caused by the Hindu caste system?

Guru Nanak had been concerned about the:
1. Inequality
2. Hardship
caused by the Hindu caste system

35

In about 1520, Guru Nanak settled in Kartapur and this new town became a Sikh community, working, praying and learning together.
He had been concerned about the inequality and hardship caused by the Hindu caste system, in which what?

Guru Nanak had been concerned about the:
1. Inequality
2. Hardship
caused by the Hindu caste system, in which people of different castes did not eat together

36

In about 1520, Guru Nanak settled in Kartapur and this new town became a Sikh community, working, praying and learning together.
He had been concerned about the inequality and hardship caused by the Hindu caste system, in which people of different castes did not eat together and he wanted to underline the importance of what?

Guru Nanak:
1. Had been concerned about the inequality and hardship caused by the Hindu caste system, in which people of different castes did not eat together
2. Wanted to underline the importance of everyone being equal

37

In about 1520, Guru Nanak settled in Kartapur and this new town became a Sikh community, working, praying and learning together.
He had been concerned about the inequality and hardship caused by the Hindu caste system, in which people of different castes did not eat together and he wanted to underline the importance of everyone being equal.
So he developed the idea of a free kitchen, a langar, which provided hospitality for everyone, not just for Sikhs, and served the food and all ate together.
This tradition has continued since when?

This tradition has continued since the time of Guru Nanak

38

In about 1520, Guru Nanak settled in Kartapur and this new town became a Sikh community, working, praying and learning together.
He had been concerned about the inequality and hardship caused by the Hindu caste system, in which people of different castes did not eat together and he wanted to underline the importance of everyone being equal.
So he developed the idea of a free kitchen, a langar, which provided hospitality for everyone, not just for Sikhs, and served the food and all ate together.
This tradition has continued since the time of Guru Nanak.
The Rehat Maryada sets out the reasons for this practise:
''The philosophy behind the Guru's langar is to …
The Rehat Maryada, article 21

''The philosophy behind the Guru's langar is to:
1. Provide training to the Sikhs in voluntary service
2. Help banish all distinction of high and low, touchable and untouchable from the Sikhs' minds,''
The Rehat Maryada, article 21

39

The teaching and practise of the langar was continued by the Gurus.
In fact, Guru Amar Das decided that what?

In fact, Guru Amar Das decided that noone, however important, would be able to talk with him, until they had first shared a meal in the langar

40

In the langar, all are considered equal through what?

In the langar, all are considered equal through the sharing of a meal

41

''All human beings, high or …
The Rehat Maryada, article 21

''All human beings, high or low, and of any caste or colour may sit and eat in the Guru's langar.
No discrimination on grounds of:
1. The country of origin
2. Colour
3. Caste
Or,
3. Religion
must be made while making people sit in rows for eating,''
The Rehat Maryada, article 21

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