18. Industry, Mass Politics, and Culture, 1871-1914 Flashcards Preview

Ap European History > 18. Industry, Mass Politics, and Culture, 1871-1914 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 18. Industry, Mass Politics, and Culture, 1871-1914 Deck (32):
1

two new industries in the 2nd Industrial Revolution

- steel production
- chemical industry

2

what industrial process is related to mass production of steel

Bessemer process

3

who lead the chemical industry

Germany

4

the new source of power in 2nd industrial revolution?

electricity, oil, and gasoline

5

What were the new industrial powers rivaling Britain?

Germany and US

6

Who was a major feminist in France even earlier than Mary Wollstonecraft of England?

Olympia de Gouges

7

What did the feminist Olympia de Gouges write?

Declaration of the Rights of Woman and of the Female Citizen

8

argued that inequalities imposed on women were a relic from the past and "a hindrance to human development"

John Stuart Mill

9

what is the "angel in the house"

ideal middle-class woman

10

by the end of 19th C, educated middle-class women enjoyed more independent lifestyles, and they are called:

the "New Woman"

11

How successful was women's suffrage movement in 1900

No country in Europe allowed women to vote

12

What government was established after Napoleon III's defeat to Prussia?

Third Republic

13

What was the revolutionary municipal council formed by the radicals in France called?
How did the third republic deal with them?

the Paris Commune
- mercilessly crushed the Communards

14

what is anti-Semitism

hostility to Jews

15

What was the key cause of the Dreyfus Affair?

anti-Semitism

16

Which realist novelist wrote "J'Accuse" exposing the injustice of Dreyfus Affair?

Emile Zola

17

What did the Dreyfus Affair reveal about Europe?

just how widespread the anti-Semitism existed in Europe

18

What did Theodor Herzl write as a consequence of the Dreyfus Affair?
what is is about?

- "The Jewish State"
- calling for a national homeland for the Jews

19

What is the age of mass politics?

when the masses were involved in politics.
basically when universal male suffrage of the WORKING class came to be.

20

What is the Irish question?
were the irish successful?

whether to grant Ireland its own parliament
they were successful to a little extent

21

Who became next kaiser after William I died?
what did he do with Bismarck?

- William II
- forced Bismarck to resign

22

in 1880s, what did Bismarck do in Germany that became the first ever?

developed a state social welfare program

23

What were Bismarck's goals in instituting the welfare programs?

to prove that the state was a benevolent institution and not an oppressor

24

In Russia, how were the Social Democrats split into?

Mensheviks(favoring gradual reform) vs. Bolsheviks (advocating communist revolution)

25

Who led the Bolsheviks?

Vladimir Lenin

26

What happened due to Russian losses in the Russo-Japanese War?

Revolution of 1905 b/c the war exposed the weaknesses of the autocratic regime

27

How were the revolts of 1905 in Russia suppressed?
Still, what was Nicholas II reluctantly pressured to do?

- "Bloody Sunday" massacre
- due to strikes and pressure, he reluctantly approved a Russian parliament called DUMA

28

important ppl of the bacterial revolution:

Louis Pasteur,
Joseph Lister (sterile surgery)

29

Darwin's book on the theory of evolution

"The Origin of Species"

30

Herbert Spencer took Darwin's theories and applied it to ______ to create ________

humanity, Social Darwinism

31

New inventions such as camera led to modern art.
what are new modern art styles?

Impressionism and Cubism

32

Key characteristic of impressionism

a moment in time; a slice of life