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Gruber's 2300 > 1886 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1886 Deck (46):
1

ravenous

D. extremely hungry

2

rebate

D. an amount of money that is paid back to you because you have paid too much; an amount of money that is taken away from the cost of something, before you pay for it

E. a tax rebate / Buyers are offered a cash rebate.

3

rebuke

\ri-ˈbyük\

D. to scold sharply

4

recalcitrant

\ri-ˈkal-sə-trənt\

D. stubborn; hard to handle

E. the manager worried that the recalcitrant employee would try to undermine his authority

5

recant

\ri-ˈkant\

D. to say, often publicly, that you no longer have the same belief or opinion that you had before

E. He made a public recantation of all his former beliefs.

6

recapitulate

\ˌrē-kə-ˈpi-chə-ˌlāt\

D. to repeat or give a summary of what has already been said, decided, etc

E. To recapitulate briefly, the three main points are these…

7

recidivist

\rē-'ci-vist\

D. a person who continues to commit crimes, and seems unable to stop, even after being punished

E. Gross overcrowding has led to a sky-high recidivist rate.

8

reciprocal

\ri-ˈsi-prə-kəl\

D. involving two people or groups who agree to help each other or behave in the same way to each other

E. The two colleges have a reciprocal arrangement whereby students from one college can attend classes at the other.

9

recision

\ri-ˈsi-zhən\

D. an act of rescinding : cancellation

E. the national emergency forced the immediate recision of all military leave

10

recluse

D. one who lives away from others

11

reconcile

D. to bring together again

12

recondite

\ˈre-kən-ˌdīt\

D. not known about or understood by many people

e. geochemistry is a recondite subject

13

reconnaissance

\ri-ˈkä-nə-zən(t)s\

D. looking over a situation to get information (especially military)

E. a reconnaissance aircraft/mission/satellite

14

recourse

\ˈrē-ˌkȯrs\

D. turning to sb or sth for help

E. The dispute was settled without recourse to law.

15

recreant

\ˈre-krē-ənt\

D. not brave; unfaithful to duty or allegiance; crying for mercy

E. recreant campaign workers who walked out as soon as their candidate began dropping in the polls

16

recrimination

\ri-ˌkri-mə-ˈnā-shən\

D. answering an attack by attacking in return

E. The discussion turned into a heated debate with recriminations flying back and forth.

17

rectify

D. to make right (rectus-straight, right)

18

rectitude

D. moral uprightness (rectus-straight, right)

E. encouraged the graduates to go on to live lives of unimpeachable rectitude and integrity

19

recumbent

\ri-ˈkəm-bənt\

D. lying down; resting

E. The Egyptian sphinx has the body of a recumbent lion.

20

recurrent

\ri-ˈkər-ənt

D. happening again one or more times

E. The loss of innocence is a recurrent theme in his stories.

21

redeem

D. to make somebody/something seem less bad; to do something to improve the opinion that people have of you, especially after you have done something bad; to save somebody from the power of evil to pay a debt

E. The only redeeming feature of the job (= good thing about it) is the salary. / He has a chance to redeem himself after last week's mistakes. / Jesus Christ came to redeem us from sin. / to redeem a loan/mortgage

22

redolent

\'re-dō-lənt\

D. sweet-smelling

E. my grandmother's house always seemed to be redolent with the aroma of baking bread

23

redoubtable

D. if a person is redoubtable, they have very strong qualities that make you respect them and perhaps feel afraid of them

E. a redoubtable leader

24

redress

\ri-ˈdres\

D. to rectify

E. the belief that redressing a murder with another murder, even if carried out by the state, is not morally justified

25

redundant

D. more than enough

26

refection

D. refreshment, especially with food or drink.

E. He took only one small refection in the day, which was usually after sun-set.

27

refraction

D.the bending of a light when it goes through at an angle

E. Light is refracted when passed through a prism.

28

refractory

\ri-ˈfrak-t(ə-)rē\

D. stubborn

E. believing that rules are only for other people, he's been refractory virtually his entire life

29

refulgent

D. shining

E. the refulgence of a full moon on a clear autumn night

30

refutation

\ˌre-fyu̇-ˈtā-shən\

D. disproof

E. these are hard scientific facts against which there can be no reasonable refutation

31

regale

\ri-ˈgāl\

D. to entertain with a feast

E. regaled his grandchildren with stories of his time in Morocco

32

regeneration

D. renewal; rebirth

E. The money will be used to regenerate the commercial heart of the town. / economic regeneration

33

regime

\rā-ˈzhēm\

D. a method or system of government, especially one that has not been elected in a fair way; a method or system of organizing or managing something

E. an oppressive/brutal regime / Our tax regime is one of the most favourable in Europe.

34

regressing

D. going backward

35

reimburse

\ˌrē-əm-ˈbərs\

D. to pay back to someone

e. make sure you keep your receipts so we can reimburse you for your expenses

36

reiterate

\rē-ˈi-tə-ˌrāt\

D. to repeat over and over

E. She avoided answering our questions directly, instead reiterating that the answers could be found in her book.

37

rejuvenate

\ri-ˈjü-və-ˌnāt\

D. to make seem young again

E. Each candidate claims to have a plan to rejuvenate the sagging economy.

38

relegate

D. to give somebody a lower or less important position, rank, etc. than before

E. She was then relegated to the role of assistant. / He relegated the incident to the back of his mind.

39

relevant

D. closely connected with the subject you are discussing; having ideas that are valuable and useful to people in their lives and work

E. These comments are not directly relevant to this inquiry. / The ideas and observations expressed in the book are still relevant today.

40

relinquish

\ri-ˈliŋ-kwish\

D. to give (sth) up

E. They had relinquished all hope that she was alive.

41

relish

D. to enjoy

42

remediable


D. that can be solved or cured

E. remediable problems/diseases

43

reminisce

\ˌre-mə-ˈnis\

D. to remember

E. He reminisced with old buddies at his high school reunion. / She reminisced about her time in Europe.

44

remiss

\ri-ˈmis\

D. careless in one's duty

E. I would be remiss if I didn't tell you how much I appreciated the lovely gift.

45

remission

D. forgiveness: a period during which a serious illness improves for a time and the patient seems to get better; a reduction in the amount of time somebody spends in prison, especially because they have behaved well; an act of reducing or cancelling the amount of money that somebody has to pay

E. The patient has been in remission for the past six months. / She has been granted a remission of sentence. / New businesses may qualify for tax remission.

46

regimen

\ˈre-jə-mən\

D. a system of diet and other physical care designed to aid health

E. a daily regimen of exercise