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Flashcards in 18th Century Legends Deck (83):

Which did Samuel Johnson catch from his wet nurse?

What did Oliver Sachs posthumously diagnose him with

Which term did he coin for the US, that was then later taken up in a number of place names

Scrofula (he even recieved the 'Royal Touch' from Queen Anne but it didn't help)

He was left with permanent scars from the operations on him.


Columbia (it was also the female personification of the US before the statue of liberty) - Johnson came up with it whilst writing for The Gentleman's Magazine.  District of Columbia was inspired by the the name



Who wrote Tom Jones [A History of Tom Jones, a Foundling]

What play did he write that also featured a Tom

Henry Fielding (1749)

Tom Thumb (later reworked into The Tragedy of Tragedies)


In what year did Coleridge publish The Ryme of the Ancient Mariner



Which one of the four great Chinese classical novels was written by Cao Xueqin

Dream of the Red Chamber


What was the name of the informal group of friends that included Jonathan Swift, Alexander Pope, John Gay, John Arbuthnot, Henry St. John and Thomas Parnell.

Scriblerus Club


Robert Burns (1759-1796)


Who wrote "My Love is Like A Red, Red Rose"

Robert Burns


Who wrote the book Micromegas (1752), and why is it important

It is a short story by Voltaire, and along with his other story "Plato's Dream" is considered a seminal work of science fiction

It tells the story of a visit to Earth by a being from another planet circling the star Sirius, and his companion from Saturn


Atelier de Nicolas de Largillière, portrait de Voltaire, détail (musée Carnavalet) -002.jpgwho is this



Who wrote A Tale of the Tub and The Battle of the Books

Jonathon Swift


Denis Diderot (1713-1874)


Ann Radcliffe.jpgwho is this

Gothic Novelist pioneer Ann Radcliffe (1764-1823)


A Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland describes the travels of who

Samuel Johnson and James Boswell


Who wrote The School for Scandal and A Trip to Scarborough

Richard Brinsley Sheriden (1751-1816)

He also wrote "The Rivals"


Which book introduced Mrs Malaprop, who wrote it, and what is Malapropism

The Rivals by Richard Brinsley Sheridan written in 1775

Malapropism is the production of an incorrect word in place of a word with a similar sound, resulting in a nonsensical, often humorous utterance. An example is Yogi Berra's statement: "Texas has a lot of electrical votes," rather than "electoral votes".


Who wrote the satirical Rape of the Lock (1712)

Alexander Pope


Samuel Johnson by Joshua Reynolds.jpgWhere is he buried?

Samuel Johnson (1709-1784)

Born in Lichfield

Buried in Westminster Abbey


What story tells of a courtesan who falls from wealth and is moved into prostitution, before being able to reclimb the social ladder by accumulating wealth of a series of men

Defoe's Roxana


What was Voltaire's most famous novel

Candide (1759)

a satire which attacks the passivity inspired by Leibniz's philosophy of optimism.  Candide learns that the world is not all that great and we need to "cultivate our own garden" in contrast to  the character Pangloss, his tutor, (a parody of optimism) from which Panglossian refers to belief that all is for the best in this best of possible worlds



Which magazine did Samuel [Dr] Johnson write for

The Gentleman's Magazine (founded in 1731)


Between what years was Voltaire exiled in England



Who wrote Justine, or the Misfortunes of Virtue




The 120 Days of Sodom

Marquis de Sade


Who wrote "The Rivals"

Richard Brinsley Sheridan

It introduced Mrs Maloprop


Robinson Crusoe was based on which Scottish castaway

Alexander Selkirk who was stranded for four years on Juan Fernandez


Which Burns song served for centuries as an unofficial national anthem of Scotland, and what has it been largely supplanted by

Scots Wha Hae

supplanted by Scotland the Brave and Flower of Scotland (which refers to the victory of the scots at Bannockburn)


Who wrote 'The Mysteries of Udolpho'

Ann Radcliffe in 1794



Daniel Defoe by Michael Van der Gucht 1706.jpgwho is this

Daniel Defoe (1660-1731)


In what work would you find the characters Captain Macheath and Polly Peachum

The Beggar's Opera


Which work made Johann Goethe an international celebrity

The Sorrow of Young Werther (1774) - seen as a start of the Romantic movement


Henry Fielding.pngwho is this

what was his pen name

Henry Fielding (1707-1754)

pen name Capt Hercules Vinegar



Who wrote "Auld Lang Syne"

Robert Burns


Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832)


According to the Oxford Dictionary of Quotations after Shakespeare and Tennyson who is the most quoted writer

Alexander Pope


Who is also known as the  Ploughman Poet, Robden of Solway Firth, the Bard of Ayrshire

Robert Burns


Which 18th century legend was a big advocate of coffee and drank 30 cups a day



Who is this

Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778)

born in Geneva



Jonathan Swift by Charles Jervas detail.jpgwho is this

Jonathon Swift


What did Dr Johnson found in 1764 (and whom was the co-founder)

What was Johnson\s first major work

The Club or Literary Club with artist Joshua Reynolds

The poem 'London' published anonymously in 1738


Richard Brinsley Sheridan (1751-1816)

Born in Dublin, he became a Whig statesman serving as Treasurer of the Navy


Which French aristocraft and revolutionary politician was noted for his libertine sexuality

Marquis de Sade (1740-1814)


Who wrote the Augustan drama  The Beggar's Opera

Who are the two main characters

What was the name of the sequel

John Gay in 1728

Mr Peachum (powerful man who controls who goes to the gallows) - and Polly Peachum

Capt Macheath - captain of a gang of robbers

The sequel was called Polly and set in the West Indies


What is an epistolary novel

A novel written as a series of documents


Who wrote many of his works in prison and was confined to either a prison or insane asylum for around 32 years

Marquis de Sade


Who founded the genre of the modern autobiography

Jean-Jacques Rousseau with his books 'Confessions' and Reveries of a Solitary Walker


What was Voltaire's (1694-1778) real name

Francois-Marie Arouet


Voltaire is an anagram of a Latinized spelling of his surname "Arovet Li"


What Pope classic was published in three versions, the first anonymously, with Lewis Theobald as its hero

The Dunciad (1728, 29 & 42)

Theobald was a fellow writer/editor who had a war or words with Pope so was awarded King of the Dunces in the Dunciad


When is Burns day and What is on the cards for a Burns Supper

25 January

Haggis, Scotch Whiskey and a recitation of Burns' poetry



Alexander Pope (1688-1744)


What masterpiece did Wordsworth begin in 1798 (although not published- posthumously until 1850)

The Prelude


Who wrote the anti-Catholic Gothic novel 'The Monk'

Matthew Lewis

who was often then referred to as "Monk" Lewis



Which writer was also a cofounder (with his half brother John) of the Bow Street Runners

Henry Fielding


Who wrote Dangerous Liasons

It was epistolary novel by Pierre Choderlos de Laclos (1782)

It is the story of the Marquise de Merteuil and the Vicomte de Valmont, two rivals (and ex-lovers) who use sex as a weapon to humiliate and degrade others, all the while enjoying their cruel games.




Who is famous for cofounding the Encyclopedia

Denis Diderot (1713-1784)


Who was particularly known for his translations of Homer

Alexander Pope


What is the name of the joint volume of poetry published by Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth

Lyrical Ballads (1798)


who is this

John Gay (1685-1732)


What is Robert Burn's most recorded song

Ae Fond Kiss, and Then we Sever


Horace Walpole, 4th Earl of Orfordwho is this

Horace Walpole (1717-1797), 4th Earl of Orford and son of PM Robert Walpole


What was the big novel of 1726

Gulliver's Travels by Jonathon Swift


Who used the pseudonym Lemuel Gulliver, and what were his two other pseudonyms

Jonathan Swift

Isaac Bickerstaff /  MB Drapier


Aside from Robinson Crusue (1719) what was Daniel Defoe's  most famous novels

Moll Flanders (1722)

Roxana: The Fortunate Mistress (1724)


In what year did Samuel Jonhson complete his Dictionary

1755 (it had taken him 8 years)

In his lifetime five further editions were published



What book is credited as the first Gothic Novel

The Castle of Otranto (1764) by Horace Walpole


Who was famous for his use of the Heroic couplet

Alexander Pope


Where was Jonathon Swift born, and between what years did he live

Dublin (1667-1745)

He had a Royalist father from Herefordshire who left to seek his fortunes in Ireland


Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1979), writer, philosopher and feminist author


Who wrote 'A Vindication of the Rights of Woman '

Mary Wallstonecraft

In the book in she argues that women are not naturally inferior to men, but appear to be only because they lack education. She suggests that both men and women should be treated as rational beings and imagines a social order founded on reason.


What were the names of Mary Wollstonecraft's husband and daughter

William Godwin (a forefather of the anarchist movement and first exponents of utilitarianism)

Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin (later Mary Shelley)


What was Goethe's famous 1797 poem, and the film it inspired

The Sorcerer's Apprentice

--> Fantasia


In what year was Candide published?

What were the two main European events going on that featured in the book

Who is the woman Candide chases throughout the book (who does she end)




The Seven Years War and Lisbon Earthquake

Cunegonde (the ends up ugly)



Alexander Pope and Jonathan Swift are associated with which style of English literature

Augustan literature


Who was Samuel Johnson's heir?

Who was his famous pupil

What did Johnson say of his profession?

What was the name of Johnson's school, and how many pupils did he have?

What was the name of Johnson's wife (and what is the age thing?)

Francis Barner,

a former slave from Jamaica who became his servant

His pupil was David Garrick, who went on to become the first really famous actor (he promoted realistic acting, as opposed to bombastic acting)

Samuel Johnson remarked that "his profession made him rich and he made his profession respectable."

Edial Hall School, it was forced to close after a year for lack of funds.

He married Elizabeth 'Tetty' Porter, when hs was 25.  She was 46.



When the title of Poet Laureate become an official royal office

Who is the current Poet Laureate

1668 - John Dryden was the first (he lost his office because he had converted to Catholicism, and then came the 'Glorious Revolution')

Carol Ann Duffy is the current and first female poet laureate


Who was Henry Fielding's 'other' picaresque hero

Joseph Andrews


What is the name for novels which transpose into fiction the lives of real people

roman a clef (novel with a key)


Laurence Sterne by Sir Joshua Reynolds.jpgMost famous for?

Laurence Sterne (1713-1768)


The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman


How many places can you name where Gulliver visited

3 for orange, 4 for yellow, all for green

Which is the land of the giants, which is the flying island (the anti-science satire)? where are the horses?

Also for Green, against whom does Gulliver help the Liliiputians...but later flees to their land

Who are the deformed creatures the Horses rule?


Lilliput, Brobdingnag [land of the giants], Laputa [the flying island], Balnibarbi, Luggnagg, Glubbdubdrib, Japan and Country of the Houyhnhnms [horses]

Gulliver assists the Lilliputians to subdue their neighbours, the Blefuscudians, by stealing their fleet.

However, he refuses to reduce the island nation of Blefuscu to a province of Lilliput, displeasing the King and the court. Gulliver is charged with treason for, among other crimes, "making water" (urination) in the capital, though he was putting out a fire and saving countless lives. He is convicted and sentenced to be blinded, but with the assistance of a kind friend, he escapes to Blefuscu.

The Horses rule the Yahoos (human beings in their base form)




What type of character is Mrs Grundy

Where does it come from?

Figurative name for an extremely priggish (prudish) person

a personification of the tyranny of conventional propriety.

begna as a minor character in Thomas Morton's play Speed the Plough (1798)


Thomas Morton (1764–1838).jpgNotable work?

Thomas Morton (1764-1838)

Wrote, Speed the Plough


James Boswell was at the deathbed of two famous 18th century legends


Samuel Johnson

David Hume (who took his demise rather well)


What did Samuel Johnson describe as his 'Little story book'

What is it about

Why did he write it?

Rasselas (1759)

Describes the life of Prince Rasselas and Nekayah, his sister, who are kept in a place called the Happy Valley in the land of Abyssinia. The Valley is a place free of problems, where any desire is quickly satisfied. The constant pleasure does not, however, lead to satisfaction; and, with the help of a philosopher named Imlac, Rasselas escapes and explores the world to witness how all aspects of society and life in the outside world are filled with suffering. They return to Abyssinia, but do not wish to return to the state of constantly fulfilled pleasures found in the Happy Valley

Rasselas was written in one week to pay for his mother's funeral and settle her debts; it became so popular that there was a new English edition of the work almost every year.


With whom did Samuel Johnson live with for 17 years (on and off) until the husband of the couple's death

Henry and Hester Thrale

Hester Thrale's documentation of Johnson's life during this time, in her correspondence and her diary (Thraliana), became an important source of biographical information on Johnson after his death.


Frances d'Arblay ('Fanny Burney') by Edward Francisco Burney.jpgWhat is her connection to Jane Austin

What grusome thing did she also describe in detail

Frances (aka Fanny) Burney (1752-1840)

English novelist from Lynn Regis (now King's Lynn)

Her early novels were read and enjoyed by Jane Austen, whose own title Pride and Prejudice derives from the final pages of Cecilia (“The whole of this unfortunate business,” said Dr Lyster, “has been the result of pride and prejudice.”)

She described her own mastectomy (without anaesthetics)