19 - Tumour classification & nomenclature Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 19 - Tumour classification & nomenclature Deck (16):
1

Benign tumour of surface epithelium

papilloma

2

Benign tumour of glandular epithelium

adenoma

3

malignant epithelial tumours are

carcinomas

4

malignant glandular tumours

adenocarcinomas

5

glandular epithelium of thyroid is called a

follicular adenoma

6

chondro

cartilage tissue prefix

7

smooth muscle prefix

leiomyo

8

Seminomatous tumours

Seminoma

9

Non-seminomatous germ cell tumours

Teratoma (teeth, hair, muscle, neural, cartilage)

10

Embryonal tumours features

Occur in very young

11

Embryonal tumours e.g.s

Retinoblastoma
Nephroblastoma
Neuroblastoma
Hepatoblastoma

12

Nephroblastoma aka

Wilm's tumour

13

Neuroblastoma

arises in the adrenal medulla or nerve ganglia

14

Malignant tumours with benign names: 4

Melanoma
Mesothelioma
Myeloma
Lymphoma

15

Hamartoma is

Non-neoplastic overgrowth of normal tissue indigenous to site of occurrence.
Development abnormalities.
Lung hamartoma

Often mistaken for malignant tumours.
Genetical syndromes

16

Choristoma

AKA heterotrophic rests

Nodules of organ parenchyma in another organ

E.g. normal (non-neoplastic) pancreas nodule in stomach