Flashcards in 1920's America Deck (20):
Which law introduced prohibition across the USA?
1920 Volstead Act
Why did business owners (like Henry Ford) support prohibition?
They believed it would make workers more reliable and productive.
Why did people claim that prohibition was patriotic?
Most beer in 1920’s USA was made by German companies so during WW1 people said drinking helped the enemy.
What social reasons were given for prohibition?
Christian groups said it was sinful and people said drinking caused crime.
How much did alcohol consumption fall by?
What was moonshine and why was it dangerous?
Homemade alcohol. It often poisoned people
What was bootlegging?
Smuggling alcohol across the American borders, eg Canada
How many speakeasies were there across the USA?
Why did so many people get away with breaking the law?
There were not enough prohibition agents to stop them
Why did prohibition lead to organised crime?
So many people were prepared to break the law that there was a really big market official.
Who did gangsters corrupt with bribes?
Police and local politicians
How much money did Al Capone make each year?
What was the name of the most famous gangland murder in 1929?
St Valentine’s Day massacre
Give 2 reasons why prohibition was repealed (why did they change the law back)?
Drink continued anyway/ concerns about gang and violence/ 1929 depression made it too expensive to enforce/ to create jobs and money from tax
How and when was the prohibition repealed (ended)?
21st Amendment 1933
Why did the entertainment industry boom in the 1920’s?
An average 11% rise in wages and shorter working hours meant more money and time for leisure activities
How many homes had radios by 1929?
Over 10 million
What was the name of the first ‘talkie’ film and when was it released?
The jazz singer, 1927
What was a flapper?
A young woman who went out dancing and behaving in ways that weren’t ‘ladylike’