1940-1950 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1940-1950 Deck (33):
1

Rationing

A fixed allowance of provisions or food, especially for soldiers or for civilians during a shortage.

2

U boats

A German submarine used to cut off British overseas lifelines.

3

Black Pit

Is the mid Atlantic gap which is an undefended area beyond the reach of Aircrafts

4

Merchant sailor

Merchant seaman on cargo ships and vessels carry in commercial cargo around the world under the US flag.

5

Propaganda

The art of controlling public opinion.

6

Victory gardens

Or vegetable, fruit, and herb gardens planted by citizens in World War II to help with the war effort.

7

Peacekeeper

Provide security and the political peace building support to help countries make the difficult, early transition from conflict to peace.

8

Cold War

The period between 1945-1991 characterized by political tension between the US and the Soviet Union

9

Genocide

The deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political or cultural group.

10

Blitzkrieg

A violent offensive military action designed to crush the enemy quickly.

11

D-day

June 6, 1944, over 1 million soldiers take back Juno Beach, there were many casualties. This marked the beginning of the end for Germany.

12

Fascist

A member of an extreme right wing political party

13

Middle power

A country without the military might to be a super power but with enough economic power and political stability to have some influence in the world affairs

14

Saboteur

A person who deliberately damages or destroy something in order to hinder or hurt

15

Victory bonds

A bond issued by a government during or immediately after a major war.

16

Battle of Britain

Hitler tried to bomb the British into submission during 1940–1941. He ordered the Luftwaffe to destroy military targets and civilian targets.

17

Dieppe Raid

English soldiers landed on the beach of Dieppe but everything went wrong. By noon they ordered a fall retreat and of 4963 soldiers, 2853 were killed or captured.

18

Operation Overlord

June 6, 1944, D-Day, involved almost 1,000,000 soldiers. They had to take Juno Beach, there were many casualties. This marked the beginning of the end for Germany.

19

Pearl Harbor

On December 7, 1941, the Japanese made a surprise attack on the Americans Pearl Harbour base. This led to the Americans joining World War II

20

Lester B. Preston

was a key part in bringing peace between Egypt and Britain and France during the Suez crisis. He won the Nobel peace prize because of this.

21

Korean War

Started when North Korea attacked South Korea. The UN backed South Korea and China backed North Korea. Eventually piece was made and a border was set at the 38th parallel

22

Inflation

In economics, an increase in the general level of prices.

23

Japanese internment

Under the War Measures Act, Japanese were moved to internment camps during WWII. The government took their property and sold it.

24

United Nations

The UN was created to replace the League Of Nations, had the most powerful nations in the world. It plays an important role in maintaining peace and sponsors legal, economic, and humanitarian work.

25

Security Council

Is responsible for keeping world peace. Five members; China, Soviet Union, US, Britain, France, and ten other members. Any of the big 5 could veto any decision

26

General Assembly

Resembles a world parliament with all member countries having one seat and vote. They debate on international crises and internal affairs. They don't have the power to enforce decisions

27

Mackenzie King

Was the Prime Minister of Canada during WWII he went from the 1920s to the 1940. He was a dominant Canadian political leader

28

Suez Crisis

Egypts president Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal. This outraged the British and French who had investors. They tried to team with Israel and attack Egypt. Before total war could break out peacekeepers came and peace was made

29

Avro Arrow

Was expected to be one of the worlds most advanced war planes of its kind. It was cancelled because of the cost and no country wanted it.

30

Diefenbaker

Was elected in 1958 with the promise of creating the Canadian bill of rights. On July 1, 1960 the Canadian bill of right was passed. I cancelled the Avro Arrow instead bought Bomarc missiles, and stored them in the US. This was very unpopular decision

31

Hitler

He came into power in Germany in 1934. He was a dictator and a Fascist. He initially initiated world war two with the plan to take over the world. He hated Jews and put them in interment camps and murdered most of them.

32

Stalin

He covered the Soviet union from the mid 90s to 1953. Millions of his citizens died during his brutal reign. He transformed a present society into an industrial and military superpower. He joined the allies in World War II but engaged in the cold war with the US

33

Mussolini

Was a dictator and a fascist . He ruled over Italy. In the second world war he sided with Hitler and the Germans.