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Flashcards in 1940-1950s literature Deck (81):

Ian Fleming's sketch showing what he thought James Bond should look like

He based in on an american composer/actor called Hoagy Carmichael



When were following Tolkein books published:

The Hobbit

Lord of the Rings


The Hobbit - 1937

Lord of the Rings - 1954-55 (the first two parts in 1954, the last in 1955)

Silmarillion - 1977 (published postumously by his son Christopher)


What is the alien race in Sirens of Titan and SH5

What is the name of the hero in SH5

Who is the hero in Sirens of Titan

Who is the time traveller in SoT

Where/What is the main event in SH5

What gets written anytime someone dies in SH5

Who is the novelist who appears in lots of Vonnegut's work


Billy Pilgrim

Malachi Constant

Winston Niles Rumfoord

Fire Bombing of Dresden (where Konnegut was present)

'So it goes'

Kilgore Trout




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John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (1892-1973)

Born in Bloemfontein, South Africa




Dashiell Hammett (1894-1961)


hard-boiled detective fiction


What is the series of novels by Asimov that is a precursor to the foundation empire

Can you name any of its three parts

The Galactic Empire series

The Currents of Space

The Stars, Like Dust

Pebble in the Sky




Arthur Miller (1915-2005)

Born in New York


What was Ray Bradbury's first significant novel

and what was his second

Can you name any other big books

The Martian Chronicles (1950)

Fahrenheit 451 (1953)


Dandelion Wine

Something Wicked This Way Comes

The Halloween Tree




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Ian Fleming (1908-1964)

Born in Mayfair London


What is Room 101

From 1984

 It is a torture chamber in the Ministry of Love in which the Party attempts to subject a prisoner to his or her own worst nightmare, fear or phobia.


What are the big four works of Arthur Miller

What was his famous film screenplay

When was he married to Marilyn Monroe

Death of a Salesman (1949)

The Crucible (1953)

A View from the Bridge (1956)

All My Sons (1947)


The Misfits (1961)

married to MM from 1956-1961



In what year did Ayn Rand win fame for her novel The Fountainhead

What was best known work and when was that published

What was her political philosophy towards government

Which movement did she found


Her most famous work was Atlas Shrugged published in 1957

She supported minarchist [aka minimal statism] limited government and laissez faire capitalism

Objectivist movement

("The Collective" was Rand's private name for a group of close confidants, students, and proponents of Rand and Objectivism during the 1950s and '60s. )




Robert A Heinlein

One of the Big Three (with Clarke and Asimov) of SF

born in US



What are Raymond Chandlers three considered masterpieces

Farewell, My Lovely (1940)

The Little Sister (1949)

The Long Goodbye (1953)


In order, what were the first six bond novels

Casino Royale (1953)

Live and Let Die (1954)

Moonraker (1955)

Diamonds are Forever (1956)

From Russia with Love (1957)

Dr No (1958)



Where did the name James Bond come from

Fleming took the name for his character from that of the American ornithologist James Bond, an expert on Caribbean birds and author of the definitive field guide Birds of the West Indies. Fleming, himself a keen birdwatcher


Who wrote Strangers on a Train?

What was her other important work?

Patricia Highsmith

She also wrote

The Talented Mr Ripley (1955) [the first in a series known as the Ripliad]




What was Orwell's real name

What inspired his pen name

What language did he learn to speak in Burma

Where did Orwell go to fight

What did he die of

Eric Arthur Blair

The River Orwell

Karen ethnic language

(before he left Burma, "was able to speak fluently with Burmese priests in 'very high-flown Burmese.'")

The Spanish Civil War from 36-37(where he was wounded in the throat by a sniper's bullet.) He was registered unfit for mil service in WWII

He died of TB







Raymond Chandler

Famous for crime fiction


What detective did Raymond Chandler famously create

In which novel did he first appear

How many novels does he appear in

Who played him in the film version (and in what year)

Philip Marlowe

first appeared in 'The Big Sleep'

He appears in 8 novels (one postumously - Poodle Springs) - these were all the novels he produced in his lifetime

Humphrey Bogart (1946) and Robert Mitchum in the 1978 version



Which famous detective did Dashiell Hammett create

In which novel did he first appear


Sam Spade in the The Maltese Falcon (1930)



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Ayn Rand (1905-1982)

Born in Russia

  Alisa Zinov'yevna Rosenbaum


Name five big works by Kurt Vonnegut

Sirens of Titan


Breakfast of Champions

Cat's Cradle


There is also 'Got Bless You, Mr Rosewater'





Between what years was the foundation series published

What were the three original components (in order)

What were the two works of the extended foundation

What were the two foundation prequels



Foundation and Empire

Second Foundation


Foundation's Edge (1982)

Foundation and Earth (1986)


Prelude to Foundation (1988)

Forward the Foundation (1993)




In what year was the I Robot short story series written

By what pseudonym did Asimov write his Lucky Starr series of juvenile SF


What is the name of the fictional robot created by Janet and Isaac Asimov as part of a children's SF series



Paul French

Norby (Janet did 90% of the work)


What are the three best known works of Robert Heinlein

Strangers in a Strange Land

several later editions of the book have promoted it as "The most famous Science Fiction Novel ever written"

Starship Troopers

Red Planet


What was Tolkein professor of:

What was his famous novel writing friend and what was their literary discussion group known as

Which war/battle did he notably take part in

 Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon at Pembroke College, Oxford, from 1925 to 1945

Merton Professor of English Language and Literature at Merton College, Oxford from 1945 to 1959

C. S. Lewis

the Inklings

He was at the Somme in 1916 (he got trench fever from lice and was invalided home)




What was the changing citizenship status of Raymond Chandler

He was borm in the US in 1888, but moved to the UK in 1900 to get a good education

He became a naturalised brit from 1907-1956 before becoming an American again for his last few years of life


Can you think of six neologisms introduced into the language by George Orwell

what is a neologism

cold war

Big Brother

thought police

thought crime

Room 101


A neoligism [meaning speach or utterance] is the name for a newly coined term, word, or phrase that may be in the process of entering common use but that has not yet been accepted into mainstream language.


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Arthur Charles Clarke (1917-2008)

born in Minehead, died in Sri Lanka

Went Sri Lanka because of his interest in scuba diving



Dylan Thomas photo.jpg

Dylan Marlais Thomas (1914-1953)


died in New York






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Kurt Vonnegut (1922-2007)

US from Indianapolis


Ray Bradbury in 1975

Ray Bradbury (1920-2012)

SF and Fantasy author


In what year 1984 and Animal Farm published

Can you name two of his other big works

1984: 1949 (written in 1948)

Animal Farm (1945)

Other big works include

The Road to Wigan Pier (1937)

Homage to Catalonia (1938)

Burmese Days (1934)




Isaac Asimov

[Isaak Yudovich Ozimov]


Born in Russia, but later lived in US


What was Ian Fleming's last two postumously published works

Where did Fleming write all the Bond Novels

The Man with the Golden Gun (1965)

Octopussy and The Living Daylights (1966)


A white-washed bungalow with a lawn in front

Goldeneye, in Jamaica


A photo showing head and shoulders of a middle-aged man with a slim moustache.

George Orwell (1903-1950)

Born in India



What was Arthur C Clarke's first novel

What was his first published novel

When was 2001 published (what short story was it based on )

In what year was Rendezvous with Rama published

What is constructed in the book 'The Fountains of Paradise' (1979)

Against the Fall of Night (1948 in a magazine, 1953 as a book) - the original version of The City and the Stars

The Sands of Mars (1951)

2001 (1968), based on the Sentinel

RR was published in 1972

A Space Elevator





What is the name of the 'Fireman' in Fahrenheit 451

What is a fireman

Who is the girl who asks questions

Who is his wife

Who is the Fireman captain

Who is the former English Professor

What happens to his home city

What is the book fundamentally against

Guy Montag

Someone who burns books

Clarisse McClellen

Mildred 'Millie'

Captain Beatty


Destroyed at the end of the book during a war which has just started

Censorship is the theme of the book





Albert Camus, gagnant de prix Nobel, portrait en buste, posé au bureau, faisant face à gauche, cigarette de tabagisme.jpg

When did he win his NP and what philosophy did he promote

Albert Camus (1913-1960)


Absurdism (he was closely associated with existentialism)

Won the 1957 Nobel Prize




Monochrome head-and-left-shoulder photo portrait of 50-year-old Lewis

Clive Staples Lewis (C S Lewis) 1898-1963

known to his friends and family as Jack

Born in Belfast



What are the five novels  by Dashiell Hammett

The first two are most important

The Maltese Falcon (1930)

Red Harvest (1929)


The Thin Man (1934)

The Dain Curse (1929)

The Glass Key (1931)



Who were the four heros of the Lion the Witch and the Wardrobe

Who is the cousin who also stars in some books

What happened to them in the end on earth

What is the Narnian capital

Which of the narnia books do not include any of the four main children




Lucy Pevensie

Eustace Scrubb


All except Susan died in a train crash - and were transported to live in Aslan's country

Cair Paravel

The Silver Chair and The Magician's Nephew


C S Lewis held academic positions at Oxford and Cambridge Universities at a college with the same name at both institutions, what was it

Who influenced him towards religion

What was the title of his memoir

Which two famous people did he share his death day with (hence not attracting media attention)

If you can, name the American writer he married four years before her death

Magdalen College

Tolkein (they were friends and were both in the English language faculty at Oxford)

Suprised by Joy


22 Nov 1963 - JFK and Aldous Huxley

Joy Davidman



Patricia Highsmith (1921-1995)


According to her biography by Andrew Wilson, Beautiful Shadow (2003), Highsmith's personal life was a troubled one; she was an alcoholic who never had an intimate relationship that lasted for more than a few years, and she was seen by some of her contemporaries and acquaintances as misanthropic and cruel. She famously preferred the company of animals to that of people and once said, "My imagination functions much better when I don't have to speak to people."


Animal Farm

Who were the four main pigs and who did they represent (Qudos if you know any breeds)

What song does the old pig recall from a dream

Old Major (sets out the case against humans) - a Middle White boar (combo of Marx and Lenin)

Napoleon - Berkshire boar - Stalin

Snowball - Leon Trotsky (with elements of Lenin)

Squealer - Napolean's minister of propoganda - Molotov

Beasts of England


Animal Farm

Who are the human famers and what were their farms (who were they analogs of)

Who are the horses and donkeys (and if relevant their analogs)

Mr Jones - Nicolas II

Mr Pilkington of Foxwood Farm (Churchill and Roosevelt combo)

Mr Frederick of Pinchfield Farm (Hitler)


Boxer - tough hard working cart horse (Russian working class)

his close friend Benjamin the cynical and smart donkey (unclear representation, could be Menschevik intelligentsia)

Mollie - self centred vain young white mare

Clover - caring female horse



Animal Farm

Who is the wise old goat

Who is the raven (what place did he invent) and what does he represent

How many commandments are originally created and what was the name of the philosophy

What happened to them

Muriel is the goat

Moses (the farmer's favourite pet) - who invented Sugarcane mountain (established religion)

Animalism - 7 commandments

Squealer changed them as the pigs started breaking them, showing how ideals can be altered



Animal Farm

 - The pigs appropriation of milk and apples for their own use was an analogy to what

- what was used as an analogy for the five year plans

- what did the puppies controlled by stalin represent

What were the two battles and what did they represent

1921 - left-wing Kronstadt revolt against the Bolsheviks

The pigs difficult efforts to build a windmill

The secret police

The Battle of the Windmill - Great Patriotic War (WWII)

Battle of the Cowshed - allied invasion of Soviet Russia in 1918 and the defeat of the White Russians in the Russian civil war




What was Kurt Vonnegut's contribution to the dystopia genre

Player Piano

his first novel

he admits that he ripped of Huxley's Brave New World


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John Wyndham (1903-1969)

born in Warwickshire, died in Hampshire


In his early days, John Wyndham used a pen name

What was it,

Can you name any books written under this name

John Beynon

Foul Play Suspected (1935) 

The Secret People (1935) 

Planet Plane (1935), as John Beynon. Also known as The Space Machine and Stowaway to Mars.


How many John Wyndham novels (written under his name) can you name

yellow for more than two

green for more than four


The Day of the Triffids (1951), also known as Revolt of the Triffids
The Kraken Wakes (1953), published in the US as Out of the Deeps
The Chrysalids (1955), published in the US as Re-Birth
The Midwich Cuckoos (1957), filmed twice as Village of the Damned
The Outward Urge (1959)
Trouble with Lichen (1960)
Chocky (1968)



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Kingsley William Amis (1922-1995)


Wrote 20 novels, also a poet

According to his biographer, Zachary Leader, Amis was "the finest English comic novelist of the second half of the twentieth century."


With which poetical literary group is Kingsley Amis associated.

Can you name any other members (particularly his buddy)

Which other literary group was Amis a leading member of


The Movement was a term coined in 1954 by Jay D. Scott, literary editor of The Spectator, to describe a group of writers including Philip Larkin, Kingsley Amis, Donald Davie, D.J. Enright, John Wain, Elizabeth Jennings, Thom Gunn, and Robert Conquest.

The goal of The Movement was to write poetry that was anti-romantic and structured, avoiding poetry that was experimental in format and text.[3] From 1945 to 1955, The Movement was published through various magazines, the main magazine being The Spectator

The Angry Young Men  a group of mostly working and middle class British playwrights and novelists who became prominent in the 1950s. The group's leading members included John Osborne and Kingsley Amis. The phrase was originally coined by the Royal Court Theatre's press officer to promote John Osborne's 1956 play Look Back in Anger.


Who wrote the play 'Look Back in Anger' (1956)

What group's name did the play's title inspire

What stage play did he write that was turned into an Olivier film in 1960


John James Osborne (1929-1994)

the Angry Young Men

the play is credited with transforming English theatre

The Entertainer - satirical play about musical hall and rock and roll (comparing the eclipse of the British Empire by the US)

Olivier got an oscar nomination for it (of course). Btw it was directed by Tony Richardson who of course directed and won an oscar for Tom Jones (1963)


What was Kingsley Amis's big hit and what year was it published?

What won him a booker prize (and what year)

What was his connection to James Bond (name the novel and the pseudonym and associated films)


Lucky Jim (1954) it captured 50s Britain

The Old Devils (1986)

Amis wrote the first Bond continuation novel after Fleming's death.  The novel was called Colonel Sun written under the pseudonym Robert Markham

The films, The World is Not Enough and Die Another Day have both drawn on the novel (the first with M's kidnapping) and the second with the name of the villain (Col Tan-Sun Moon)

(However, before writing this he wrote two other Bond related works - The James Bond Dossier and The Book of Bond.



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Roald Dahl (1916-1990)

Born in Cardiff, died in Oxford


What Dahl book inspired a 1984 Spielburg film

What did Dahl do in WWII

Who was his famous first wife

What adult story had its main characters played by Steve McQueen and Peter Lorre

What British TV series was adapted from one of his short story collections

Which novel did Dahl adapt for a famous Children's film


The Gremlins (his first children's book) - they were mischievous creatures of RAF folklore

Dahl was a fighter pilot, a flying ace in fact, and then an intelligence officer, becoming an acting Wing Commander

His first wife was Patricia Neal (of Oscar winning Hud fame - she was also in Breakfast at Tiffanys and the Day the Earth Stood Still)

A 1960s episode of Hitchcock Presents started McQueen in an adaptation of Dahl's 'The Smoker' (aka Man from the South) Quentin Tarantino also used it for his segment of the film four rooms.

Tales of the Unexpected

Dahl wrote the film script for Fleming's Chitty Chitty Bang Bang


Who is the hero of Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (i.e. his surname)

Who is the fat kid

Who is spoiled girl

Who is the gum chewer


Charlie Bucket

Augustus Gloop

Veruca Salt

Violet Beauregarde



Where did Tolkein spend the most idylic years of his childhood, inspiring the Shire

and what inspired Mordor


Sarehole Mill

[Saruman derived his name in part from this - he was the one who blighted the shire]

Mordor was Birmingham; although he reportedly identified [Mr Doom] with Stromboli off Sicilily


What was John Christopher's real name

What were his big three books


Sam Youd

The Death of Grass

The Tripods series

The Guardians


who is the hero in the Day of the Triffids, how does he escape being blinded

Who is his female companion and wife

Who is the idealist who kidnaps him with a fire alarm scam, but later becomes his friend/ally

Bill Masen

he escaped being blinded because he was in hospital being treated for a Triffid sting (he was a triffid scientist)

Josella Playton




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Jerome David Salinger (1919-2010)


Who wrote Catcher in the Rye

can you name two other big hits

Jerome David Salinger

Nine Stories

Raise High in the Roof Beam, Carpenters and Seymour: An Introduction

Franny and Zooey


Who is the Salesman in Miller's Death of a Salesman

Willy Loman


What was the Beat Generation

and who were the big three authors of the movement

The Beat Generation was a group of American post-World War II writers who came to prominence in the 1950s, as well as the cultural phenomena that they both documented and inspired. Central elements of "Beat" culture included rejection of received standards, innovations in style, experimentation with drugs, alternative sexualities, an interest in religion, a rejection of materialism, and explicit portrayals of the human condition

Big three authors were: Allen Ginsberg, William Burroughs and Jack Kerouac


Who did William Burroughs kill?

His wife Joan Vollmer, Burroughs killed Vollmer by shooting her in the head in what was apparently a drunken attempt at playing William Tell.


yet Norman Mailer declared him "the only American writer who may be conceivably possessed by genius"


Which Albert Camus book inspired the Cure song 'Killing an Arab'

The Outsider


Who wrote the James Bond Novel 'Devil May Care' for the 100th anniversary of Fleming's birth

Sebastian Faulkes


In Kurt Vonnegut's Cat's Cradle what is the name of the deadly substance - what does it do



Ice-nine is supposedly a polymorph of water more stable than common ice (Ice Ih); instead of melting at 0 °C (32 °F), it melts at 45.8 °C (114.4 °F). When ice-nine comes into contact with liquid water below 45.8 °C (thus effectively becoming supercooled), it acts as a seed crystal and causes the solidification of the entire body of water, which quickly crystallizes as more ice-nine. As people are mostly water, ice-nine kills nearly instantly when ingested or brought into contact with soft tissues exposed to the bloodstream, such as the eyes.

In fact, there are fifteen phases of ice in real life, and therefore there is a real Ice-IX, but it doesn't have these properties


What's the name of the family at the centre of Cat's Cradle

What is the name of the religion at the centre of Cat's Cradle

Where is mostly set

Hoenikker (Felix - inventor of the substance, and the bomb, Newton - the midget son and Frank  - the technical one, and Angela - the clarinest)


San Lorenzo


What do the religious people in Cat's Cradle whisper when they think about how complicated and unpredictable the machinery of life really is

What is the name for the group of people linked in a cosmically significant manner, even when superficial linkages are not evident.

Busy, busy, busy





Where was the real Room 101,

Who made a plaster cast of it, displaying it in the V&A in 2003-2004

Broadcasting House (the Conference room where Orwell used to sit through tedious meetings)

Rachel Whiteread - when the room was due to be demolished


What was the name of the anthology of poems written by members of the British forces during the second world war in North Africa and Italy, which included work by Spike Milligan, Enoch Powell, Quintin Hogg, Erik de Mauny and Harry Secombe?



What is the most famous Spike Milligan poem

On the Ning Nang Nong


What is Spike Milligan's real name

For kudos, why is he called spike

Between what years did he live (roughly)

Terence Alan Milligan (1918 - 2002) - born in India

He disliked his first name and began to call himself "Spike" after hearing a band on Radio Luxembourg called Spike Jones and his City Slickers.


Who were the four members of The Goon Show

What was the name of Spike M's surreal tv show

Spike Milligan

Harry Secombe

Peter Sellers

Michael Bentine




What is the name of Spike Milligan's first full length novel, and only major fictional work.

Who is the main protagonist


Puckoon is the name of a fictional irish village

Dan Milligan


What was the first part of Spike Milligan's WWII seven volume autobiography

Adolf Hitler: My Part in His Downfall


Who wrote the controversial

The City and the Pillar

about a boys discovery of his own homosexuality

The author being known for his positions on sexuality which created friction with other thinkers

This led to him being basically black listed as an author - what pseudonym did he write under to continue to earn a living

What did Roy Hattersley describe him as in the title to his biography

Gore Vidal

His second novel, The City and the Pillar (1948) caused a moralistic furor over his dispassionate presentation of a young protagonist coming to terms with his homosexuality and a male homosexual relationship

Edgar Box

The sharpest tongue in the West